Hetman Petro Sahaidachnyi National Ground Forces Academy

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Hetman Petro Sahaidachnyi National Ground Forces Academy
Національна академія сухопутних військ імені гетьмана Петра Сагайдачного
Герб НАСВ.png
Academy coat of arms
Typemilitary academy
Established1899 (1899)
Location,
Websitewww.asv.gov.ua

The Hetman Petro Sahaidachnyi National Ground Forces Academy – one of the leading educational institutions in the military education system of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, founded in 1899 as a school of infantry cadets. It is engaged in the training of future officers of the Ukrainian Ground Forces.

History[edit]

Austria-Hungary[edit]

On October 1, 1899, on the territory of the present Academy, the opening of the Imperial and Royal School of Cadets in Lviv (K. und k. Infanterie Kadettenschule in Lemberg) was held. This facility was the only one in Galicia and the sixteenth military academy in Austria-Hungary. Graduates of the institution received the title "Kadet - Deputy Officer". In 1914 the school was evacuated to Austria. Among the outstanding graduates are Colonel Hnat Stefaniv, Lieutenant Colonel Alfred Bizantz, Ataman Boguslav Shashkevich, who played an important role during the Ukrainian War of Independence.

Second Polish Republic[edit]

After the collapse of Austria-Hungary and before 1921 the complex of buildings was abandoned. Since 1921, the Polish Cadet Corps No. 1 (Korpus Kadetów Nr.1 - from 1935, named after Józef Pilsudski) was re-located there from Kraków. The German invasion forced the Polish command in September 1939 to evacuate from Ravich to Lviv the Cadet Corps No. 3. However, in connection with the offensive of the Red Army, it was not possible to start classes. After the accession of Western Ukrainian lands to the Ukrainian SSR, the Soviet authorities disbanded the educational institution.

Soviet Union[edit]

From the end of September to November 14, 1939, the headquarters of the Ukrainian Front were stationed in the premises of the former Cadet Corps. After its disbandment, the Lviv Infantry School of the Red Army was stationed there, which was moved to Ostroh a year later. From December 1940 to March 1941, training buildings on the street. Kadetsky, 32 become the place of the disposition of the 15th motorized artillery brigade. In March 1941, it replaced the 32nd Panzer Division of the 4th Mechanized Corps of the Red Army. During the German occupation of the current Academy there was a military hospital, and from the end of July 1944 and until the spring of 1947 - the Soviet military hospital.

Then there was a military-political school, created on November 18, 1939 in the city of Bryansk, the Orel region. The school trained police officers. During the years of the German-Soviet War, the school moved to the city of Bobrov [ru], Khalturin [ru], Kharkiv, and released about 11 thousand officers. For courage during the war, 15 students of the educational institution received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

In 1947 the school moved to Lviv and became the Lviv military-political school (for some time, it was named after M.O.Shchors), occupying the territory of the cadet corps. The facility trained officers for service in the editorial boards of the military media and cultural and educational institutions of the army and navy.

In 1962 Lviv military-political school was transformed into a higher one.

On April 30, 1975, by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the Lviv higher military-political school was awarded the Order of the Red Star.

In 1978, for services in increasing the combat readiness of the armed forces of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the LVVPU is awarded the Order of the Red Star of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic [ru].

During the years of Soviet power, we have vast experience in training officer personnel for the armed forces of foreign powers. After gaining the status of a higher education institution at a special faculty in August 1971, servicemen from more than 20 countries of Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America studied.

Ukraine[edit]

With Ukraine regaining its independence, the creation of its own Armed Forces begins a new page in the history of the Lviv Military Institute. According to the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 490 dated August 19, 1992, on October 8, 1993, on the basis of Lviv Higher Military School and military departments of civil higher educational institutions of Lviv, a new type of military educational establishment was created which was the first in Ukraine to be closely integrated with The system of civilian higher education, in particular with the National University "Lviv Polytechnic". Thus, the implementation of the fundamental principle of the Concept of Military Education in Ukraine, established by the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of December 15, 1997 No. 1410 "On the Establishment of a Unified System of Military Education," which states that "military education is integrated into the state system of education on the basis of a unified Legislative and regulatory framework ".

In close integration with the basic university, the Lviv Military Institute began to train officers from fifteen specialties since 1993, including "Combat application of mechanized units", "Combat application of aeromobile (parachute-landing) units" (cadets of these specialties were transferred to Odesa Institute of Ground Forces in 1995), as well as on specialties "Financial support and economy of combat and economic activity of troops", "Jurisprudence", etc.

On November 18, 2000, for the great successes in training qualified specialists for the Ukrainian army and on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the training of officers in Galicia, the decree of the President of Ukraine granted the academy with the honorific title "Hetman Petro Sagaidachny" and was awarded the Diploma of Honor.

By a decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated May 26, 2005, No. 381, the educational institution was reorganized into the Lviv Institute of Land Forces and from September 1, 2006, it trains military specialists in all specialties of the Land Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

On September 30, 2006, the Institute was attended by the President of Ukraine - Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko, who highly assessed the organization of training officers for the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

Since September 1, 2009, according to the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated May 13, 2009 No 467, the Lviv Order of the Red Star, the Hetman Petras Sagaidachny Institute of Ground Forces was removed from the National University "Lviv Polytechnic" and transformed into the Land Forces Academy named after Hetman Petro Sagaidachny, mandated to form both officers and non-commissioned personnel of the Ground Forces.

On September 21, 2015, in accordance with the Decree of the President of Ukraine No. 551/2015, the Land Forces Academy Hetman Petro Sagaidachny was granted the status of a National Academy and was removed of its Order of the Red Star.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Кадетские корпуса XIX — нач. ХХ вв.: украинское измерение (система обучения и воспитания) / А. Г. Барадачев, В. В. Цыбулькин, Л. Н. Рожен; Фонд ветеранов внешней разведки. — Киiв: Преса України, 2012. — 272 с.: ил. (in Russian)

External links[edit]