Hetman of Ukraine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hetman of Ukraine
Гетьман України
Royal Standard of the Hetman of Ukraine (1918).svg
Royal Standard
Skoropadsky - before 1917.jpg
Only officeholder
Pavlo Skoropadskyi

29 April 1918–14 November 1918
TypeHead of state, Monarch
ResidenceHetman Palace, Kyiv
NominatorCongress of Bread Producers
PrecursorChairman of the Central Rada
Formation29 April 1918
Abolished14 November 1918
SuccessionChairmen of the Directory

Hetman of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Гетьман України) is a former historic government office and political institution of Ukraine that is equivalent to a head of state or a monarch.

Brief history[edit]

As a head of state the position was established at first by Bohdan Khmelnytsky during the Cossack Hetmanate in the mid-17th century. During that period the office was electoral. Later in the late 18th century it was successfully liquidated by the Russian government during the expansion of the Russian territory towards the Black Sea coast.

The position and title was reestablished in 1918 by the Ukrainian General Pavlo Skoropadskyi, a descendant of the former Hetman of Zaporizhian Host Ivan Skoropadskyi. The Law on the Provisional State System of Ukraine was announced at the session of the Central Council of Ukraine on 29 April 1918 which laid a legal groundwork for the new position. Pavlo Skoropadskyi transformed Ukraine into the autocratic Ukrainian State under the protectorate of the Central Powers, while expelling the Bolshevik forces of the Russian SFSR. During his term the Communist Party was prohibited on the territory of Ukraine for the first time. After the uprising led by the Directorate of Ukraine, Pavlo Skoropadskyi surrendered the title, transferring the state power to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and going into exile to Germany.

After the establishment of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, members of the Skoropadskyi family established the Hetmanate movement that sought the recreation of the office of Hetman with the Royal House of Skoropadskyi.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]