Heuston railway station
|Location||St John's Road West|
|Owned by||Iarnród Éireann|
|Operated by||Iarnród Éireann|
|Bus operators||Dublin Bus|
|Connections||Luas Red Line|
|Architect||Sancton Wood (terminal)|
John MacNeill (train shed)
|Fare zone||Suburban 1|
|Opened||4 August 1846|
|Original company||Great Southern and Western Railway|
|Pre-grouping||Great Southern and Western Railway|
|Post-grouping||Great Southern Railways|
|1846||Station opened as Kingsbridge Station|
|1966||Renamed as Heuston Station|
|1998, 2004 and 2005||Station refurbished and partially rebuilt|
Heuston Station (// (listen) HEW-stən; Irish: Stáisiún Heuston; formerly Kingsbridge Station) also known as Dublin Heuston, is one of Dublin's largest railway stations and links the capital with the south, southwest and west of Ireland. It is operated by Iarnród Éireann (IÉ), the national railway operator. It also houses the head office of its parent company, Córas Iompair Éireann (CIÉ). The station is named in honour of Seán Heuston, an executed leader of the 1916 Easter Rising, who had worked in the station's offices.
In 1836 a committee of Commissioners was appointed by the British Government to identify a system of rail routes throughout Ireland which would best serve the interests of the country as a whole. In their report of 1838, Kingsbridge, or 'King's Bridge', was selected as the optimum location for a terminus in Dublin which would most conveniently serve a main trunk railway line to the southern and western districts of Ireland. The site had been known as Kingsbridge since the completion of the nearby King's Bridge over the River Liffey in 1828.
The Great Southern and Western Railway (GS&WR) company was authorised by an Act passed in 1844 and began selecting a site in Dublin for their main city terminus, as well as the site of their headquarters. In a series of pamphlets, the promoters of a proposed rail link to Cashel, County Tipperary argued that Kingsbridge was the better choice for a Dublin terminus over a competing proposal for a Portobello terminus, due to it being conveniently located next to the quays, Smithfield cattle market, hay and straw markets, wool and butter cranes, woollen, cotton, iron and leather warehouses, the Linenhall area, as well as sites of strategic military importance such as the Royal Barracks.
An Incorporation Act entitled “An Act for Making and Maintaining a Railway from the City of Dublin to the Town of Cashel, with a Branch to the Town of Carlow" was passed and established in law. On 28 October 1845 the Great Southern and Western Railway Company bought a site in Dublin adjoining the Military Road, and another parcel of ground, from the Right Honorable Henry John Lord Viscount Palmerston for £1,600.[a] In December 1845 the GS&WR began advertising for tenders for building the Kingsbridge railway terminus on the land they had recently bought.
The station opened on 4 August 1846 as the terminus and headquarters of the Great Southern and Western Railway with the Freeman's Journal describing how "carriages of all classes were densely crowded with passengers, thus giving early evidence of the vast traffic which is likely to accrue on the line when in full and perfect operation". The first regular passenger train service from the station commenced later that month with the running of two trains each way daily between Dublin and Carlow (Carlow-bound trains departed Dublin at 9am and 5pm). Trains were scheduled to take about 2hr 35min for the 56 mi (90 km) stretch to Carlow from where conventional mail coach connections could carry passengers onwards to Kilkenny, Clonmel, Waterford or Cork.
In 1966, on the 50th anniversary of the Easter Rising, it was renamed "Heuston Station" in honour of Seán Heuston, a young railway worker who commanded a nearby post in the 1916 Easter Rising. Heuston was one of the 16 executed by the British after that Rising, and had previously worked in the station's offices.
When first constructed the station had only two platforms separated by 5 carriage lines. Two of the lines were subsequently replaced by a two-sided platform and the remaining carriage line also removed. An additional platform, created in 1872 on the south side of the station, beyond the station roof, was known as the "military platform" - the intention being that military personnel could be kept separate from the rest of the public. Due to the need to cater for increased demand and reduce delays, three new platforms were incorporated in August 2002 as part of a €170,000,000 development incorporating improved signalling and approach track-work.
Since the station's refurbishment and modernisation (by Quinn Savage Smyth architects and engineers Buro Happold) its retail facilities now includes a branch of Easons, as well as some dining facilities, including a branch of Supermacs, several cafés, a kiosk, and a large pub.
InterCity services from Heuston run to and from Cork, Limerick, Waterford, Galway, Mayo, and Kerry.
All services leave the station on a triple line as far as Inchicore, quadruple line until Hazelhatch, and thereafter only double line (one each way).
Heuston is the terminus for the mainline to Cork, and there are key service and transfer points in the Cork-bound direction at:
- Kildare (for stations on the Waterford line)
- Portarlington (for routes to the west via Tullamore and Athlone)
- Portlaoise (end of commuter services from Heuston)
- Ballybrophy (junction for stations on the Limerick-Ballybrophy railway line),
- Limerick Junction (for transfer to Limerick and Ennis services, and Waterford via Clonmel)
- Mallow (junction for Killarney and Tralee, and the start of Cork commuter services).
Links to other main railway stations
Before 2016, the physical rail link between Connolly Station and Heuston via the Phoenix Park Tunnel was usually only used for freight and rolling stock movements. Once or twice a year special trains operated, usually from Cork to Connolly for Gaelic Athletic Association matches at Croke Park. A more regular service along this route began on 21 November 2016.
The Luas light rail red line connects the two stations (apart from off-peak Saturdays, Sundays and bank holidays). Dublin Bus has a direct service to Connolly, but this operates as a special service for Dublin Airport so fares are not at commuter level.
There are nine platforms: eight terminal platforms and one through platform. Platform 1 is an extension to Platform 2, and reachable only via that platform. Prior to Heuston's 2002-2004 upgrade, there were five terminal platforms.
The through platform is numbered Platform 10 and is situated on the Phoenix Park Tunnel line, which connects to Connolly Station. There is no platform nine. Platform 10 is some distance from the main concourse and is not used for any regularly scheduled trains.
A 2018 consultation paper for the proposed Dublin MetroLink project included a reference to a potential future station, labelled "Heuston West", with connections via the Phoenix Park Tunnel to Cabra.
Other plans, first published in the 1970s, suggested that a proposed DART Underground project would link underground stations at Heuston and Pearse Street via a tunnel. As of 2015, these plans were subject to review, and as of mid-2018, the DART Underground project was not funded.
Heuston Luas stop
|Fare zone||Central/Red 2|
|26 September 2004||Station opened|
Heuston is an interchange with Dublin's Luas light rail tram system. Opened in 2004, Heuston Luas stop is located in front of the station building; the tram tracks run perpendicular to the main line tracks. To the north of the stop, trams cross the River Liffey on the Seán Heuston Bridge, which was refurbished as part of the Luas construction. To the south, trams travel up Steeven's lane, which is closed to road vehicles other than those accessing St. Patrick's University Hospital.
Heuston has three platforms. There are two outer edge platforms and two sides of an island platform. The two platforms nearest the station serve the same section of track, used for northbound trams travelling towards Connolly or The Point. The platform nearest St. John's Road West is for southbound trams travelling towards Tallaght and Saggart. The eastern side of the island is a terminus platform, used only in certain peak times, when extra services are run in the city centre section.
|Year||Daily passenger boardings and alightings (combined)|
Exterior shots of the station appeared in 1978 heist film The First Great Train Robbery purporting to be London Bridge railway station. The station was altered to represent the Victorian era including the erection of offices, signs, posters and horse-drawn transport.
- Registry of Deeds, Dublin. 1847-20-179. Registered 21/12/1847. A Memorial of an Indented Deed of Conveyance bearing date the Twenty eighth day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty five made between the Right Honorable (sic) Henry John Lord Viscount Palmerston of the Kingdom of Ireland of the one part and the Great Southern and Western Railway Company Ireland Incorporated by an Act of Parliament made and passed in the seventh and eighth years of the Reign of her present Majesty Queen Victoria intituled “An Act for making and maintaining a Railway from the city of Dublin to the Town of Cashel with a branch to the town of Carlow” of the other part Whereby the said Henry John Lord Viscount Palmerston in consideration of the sum of one thousand six hundred pounds paid to him by the said Great Southern and Western Railway Company the receipt of whereof was thereby acknowledged did convey, grant and release to the said Company, their successors and assigns All That or those the pieces or portions of land adjoining the Military Road situate in the Parish of Saint James in the City of Dublin and also All That and those the pieces or parcels of ground situate in the said Parish of Saint James and County of Dublin containing in the whole one acre and twenty two perches Irish plantation measure…
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The [CIÉ] books of account are kept in Heuston Station, Dublin 8 [..] Secretary of the Board [..] Heuston Station, Dublin 8
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Iarnrod Éireann is planning four new platforms for Heuston Station [..] The four new platforms will be added to the existing five
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the Dart Underground, previously known as the Interconnector [was] Originally conceived of in the 1972 Transportation in Dublin plan
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On the basis of the issues raised [in 2008] during the design review, Iarnród Éireann [instead proposed] extending DART Underground to terminate within CIÉ lands at Inchicore as opposed to Heuston Station
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the [DART Underground] project having been shelved by the Government [in 2011, does] not have government funding [and] was not included in the 10-year National Development Plan published earlier [in 2018]
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Boardings Heuston 8,650 [..] Alightings Heuston 8,098
- "Rail Census 2013" (PDF). 2014. p. 21. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 October 2017.
Table 10 Top ten stations by the number of boardings and alightings, 2013 and rank in 2012 [..] Boardings [..] Heuston 3. 8,662 (3) [..] Alightings [..] Heuston 3. 8,919 (3)
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Heuston (3) 9,394 [..] Heuston (3) 9,273
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Top 10 stations by number of boardings and alightings, 2016 (and rank in 2015) [..] Boardings [..] Heuston (-) 9,537 [..] Alightings [..] Heuston (-) 10,007
- "National Heavy Rail Census 2017" (PDF). nationaltransport.ie. 2018. p. 19. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 November 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
Top 10 stations by number of boardings and alightings, 2017 (and rank in 2016) [..] Boardings [..] Heuston (-) 10,700 [..] Alightings [..] Heuston (-) 11,596
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