|Molar mass||1065.62 g/mol|
|Melting point||235 °C (455 °F; 508 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Discovery and synthesis
Rh6(CO)16 was first prepared by Heiber in 1943 by carbonylation of RhCl3·3H2O at 80-230 °C and 200 atm carbon monoxide with silver or copper as a halide acceptor, and was incorrectly formulated as Rh4(CO)11. Subsequently, the carbonylation of a mixture of anhydrous rhodium trichloride and iron pentacarbonyl was shown to give good yields of Rh6(CO)16. Other compounds of rhodium are also effective precursors such as [(CO)2Rh(μ-Cl)]2 and rhodium(II) acetate:
- 3 Rh2(O2CCH3)4 + 22 CO + 6 H2O → Rh6(CO)16 + 6 CO2 + 12 CH3COOH
- 3 [(CO)2RhCl]2 + 4 CO + 6 Cu → Rh6(CO)16 + 6 CuCl
Reactions and applications
- Corey, Eugene R.; Dahl, Lawrence F.; Beck, Wolfgang (1963). "Rh6(CO)16 and its Identity with Previously Reported Rh4(CO)11". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 85 (8): 1202–1203. doi:10.1021/ja00891a040.
- Booth, B. L.; Else, M. J.; Fields, R.; Goldwhite, H.; Haszeldine, R. N. (1968). "Metal carbonyl chemistry IV. The preparation of cobalt and rhodium carbonyls by reductive carbonylation with pentacarbonyliron". J. Organomet. Chem. 14 (2): 417–422. doi:10.1016/S0022-328X(00)87682-2.
- James, B. R.; Rempel, G. L.; Teo, W. K. (1976). "Hexadecacarbonylhexarhodium". Inorg. Synth. 16: 49. doi:10.1002/9780470132470.ch15.