Hexafluoropropylene

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Hexafluoropropylene
Structural formula of hexafluoropropylene
Ball-and-stick model of the hexafluoropropylene molecule
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
1,1,2,3,3,3-Hexafluoroprop-1-ene
Other names
Perfluoropropene,
Perfluoropropylene,
freon R 1216,
halocarbon R 1216,
fluorocarbon 1216
Identifiers
  • 116-15-4 checkY
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.753 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 204-127-4
RTECS number
  • UD0350000
UNII
UN number 1858
  • InChI=1S/C3F6/c4-1(2(5)6)3(7,8)9 checkY
    Key: HCDGVLDPFQMKDK-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  • InChI=1/C3F6/c4-1(2(5)6)3(7,8)9
    Key: HCDGVLDPFQMKDK-UHFFFAOYAV
  • F/C(F)=C(/F)C(F)(F)F
Properties
C3F6
Molar mass 150.023 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless, odorless gas
Density 1.332 g/ml, liquid at 20 °C
Melting point −153 °C (−243 °F; 120 K)
Boiling point −28 °C (−18 °F; 245 K)
Insoluble
Hazards
Main hazards Suffocation
GHS pictograms GHS04: Compressed GasGHS07: HarmfulGHS08: Health hazard
GHS Signal word Warning
H280, H332, H335, H351, H371, H373
P201, P202, P260, P261, P264, P270, P271, P281, P304+312, P304+340, P308+313, P309+311, P312, P314, P403+233, P405, P410+403, P501
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
1
0
1
Flash point Non flammable gas
Related compounds
Related alkenes;
organofluorides
propylene;
Hexafluoroacetone, Hexafluoro-2-propanol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
checkY verify (what is checkY☒N ?)
Infobox references

Hexafluoropropylene is a synthetic alkene with the formula C3F6. It is the perfluorocarbon counterpart to the hydrocarbon propylene.

Hexafluoropropylene is used as a chemical intermediate.[1] It is often used a copolymer[2] in fluoroplastics such as fluorinated ethylene propylene.

Hexafluoropropylene can be produced by pyrolysis of tetrafluoroethylene or chlorodifluoromethane, or produced from various chlorofluorocarbons.[3]

This gas can also be produced as an effluent from the decomposition of polytetrafluoroethylene when laser cutting it. [4]

Health Effects[edit]

Hexafluoropropylene can asphyxiate by the displacement of air.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lehmler, HJ (March 2005). "Synthesis of environmentally relevant fluorinated surfactants—a review". Chemosphere. 58 (11): 1471–96. Bibcode:2005Chmsp..58.1471L. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.11.078. PMID 15694468.
  2. ^ a b "Hexafluoropropene (compound)". PubChem. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  3. ^ United States patent (expires 5-20-2020) 5043491A, James L. Webster, Elrey L. McCann, Douglas W. Bruhnke, Jan J. Lerou, "Multistep synthesis of hexafluoropropylene", published 1991-08-27, issued 1991-08-27, assigned to E. I. Du Pont de Nemours and Company 
  4. ^ "Laser cutting teflon". Universal Laser Systems, Inc.