# Hexagram (I Ching)

The I Ching book consists of 64 hexagrams.[2] [3] A hexagram in this context is a figure composed of six stacked horizontal lines ( yáo), where each line is either Yang (an unbroken, or solid line), or Yin (broken, an open line with a gap in the center). The hexagram lines are traditionally counted from the bottom up, so the lowest line is considered line one while the top line is line six. Hexagrams are formed by combining the original eight trigrams in different combinations. Each hexagram is accompanied with a description, often cryptic, akin to parables. Each line in every hexagram is also given a similar description.

The Chinese word for a hexagram is "guà", although that also means trigram.

## Types

Classic and modern I Ching commentaries mention a number of different hexagram types:

• Eight Trigrams
• Original Hexagram
• Future Hexagram
• Contrasting (Reverse) Hexagram (is found by turning a hexagram upside down)[4]
• Complementary Hexagram (is found by changing all the lines into their opposite)[4]
• Hexagram of Sequence[4]
• Nuclear (Mutual) Hexagram (hu gua) (is found by taking the inner lines of a hexagram; given that the original hexagram's lines are labeled 1 through 6 from bottom up, the nuclear hexagram contains the lines 2, 3, 4, 3, 4, 5)[4]
• Hexagram of Change (bian gua)
• Internal Hexagram (nei gua)
• External Hexagram (wai gua)

## Sequences

The most commonly known sequence is the King Wen sequence. A totally different sequence was found in the Mawangdui Silk Texts. The hexagrams are also found in the Binary sequence, also known as Fu Xi sequence or Shao Yong sequence.

## Lookup table

☰ ☱ ☲ ☳ ☴ ☵ ☶ ☷ Upper →Lower ↓ 1 43 14 34 9 5 26 11 ䷀ ䷪ ䷍ ䷡ ䷈ ䷄ ䷙ ䷊ 乾(qián) 夬(guài) 大有(dàyǒu) 大壯(dàzhuàng) 小畜(xiǎoxù) 需(xū) 大畜(dàchù) 泰(tài) Force Displacement Great Possessing Great Invigorating Small Harvest Attending Great Accumulating Pervading 10 58 38 54 61 60 41 19 ䷉ ䷹ ䷥ ䷵ ䷼ ䷻ ䷨ ䷒ 履(lǚ) 兌(duì) 睽(kuí) 歸妹(guīmèi) 中孚(zhōngfú) 節(jié) 損(sǔn) 臨(lín) Treading Open Polarising Converting the Maiden Inner Truth Articulating Diminishing Nearing 13 49 30 55 37 63 22 36 ䷌ ䷰ ䷝ ䷶ ䷤ ䷾ ䷕ ䷣ 同人(tóngrén) 革(gé) 離(lí) 豐(fēng) 家人(jiārén) 既濟(jìjì) 賁(bì) 明夷(míngyí) Concording People Skinning Radiance Abounding Dwelling People Already Fording Adorning Intelligence Hidden 25 17 21 51 42 3 27 24 ䷘ ䷐ ䷔ ䷲ ䷩ ䷂ ䷚ ䷗ 無妄(wúwàng) 隨(suí) 噬嗑(shìhé) 震(zhèn) 益(yì) 屯(zhūn) 頤(yí) 復(fù) Innocence Following Gnawing Bite Shake Augmenting Sprouting Swallowing Returning 44 28 50 32 57 48 18 46 ䷫ ䷛ ䷱ ䷟ ䷸ ䷯ ䷑ ䷭ 姤(gòu) 大過(dàguò) 鼎(dǐng) 恆(héng) 巽(xùn) 井(jǐng) 蠱(gǔ) 升(shēng) Coupling Great Exceeding Holding Persevering Ground Welling Correcting Ascending 6 47 64 40 59 29 4 7 ䷅ ䷮ ䷿ ䷧ ䷺ ䷜ ䷃ ䷆ 訟(sòng) 困(kùn) 未濟(wèijì) 解(jiě) 渙(huàn) 坎(kǎn) 蒙(méng) 師(shī) Arguing Confining Before Completion Deliverance Dispersing Gorge Enveloping Leading 33 31 56 62 53 39 52 15 ䷠ ䷞ ䷷ ䷽ ䷴ ䷦ ䷳ ䷎ 遯(dùn) 咸(xián) 旅(lǚ) 小過(xiǎoguò) 漸(jiàn) 蹇(jiǎn) 艮(gèn) 謙(qiān) Retiring Conjoining Sojourning Small Exceeding Infiltrating Limping Bound Humbling 12 45 35 16 20 8 23 2 ䷋ ䷬ ䷢ ䷏ ䷓ ䷇ ䷖ ䷁ 否(pǐ) 萃(cuì) 晉(jìn) 豫(yù) 觀(guàn) 比(bǐ) 剝(bāo) 坤(kūn) Obstruction Clustering Prospering Providing-For Viewing Grouping Stripping Field