Hexazine

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Hexazine
Kekulé and aromatic, skeletal formulae of hexazine
Ball and stick, and spacefill models of hexazine
Names
Systematic IUPAC name
Hexazine[1]
Other names
Hexaazabenzene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
1819
Properties
N6
Molar mass 84.04 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Hexazine (also known as hexaazabenzene) is a hypothetical allotrope of nitrogen composed of 6 nitrogen atoms arranged in a ring-like structure analogous to that of benzene. It would be the final member of the azabenzene (azine) series, in which all of the methine groups of the benzene molecule have been replaced with nitrogen atoms. The two last members of this series, hexazine and pentazine, have not been observed, although all other members of the azine series have (such as pyridine, pyrimidine, pyridazine, pyrazine, triazines, and tetrazines).

Stability[edit]

The hexazine molecule bears a structural similarity to the very stable benzene molecule. Like benzene, it has been calculated that hexazine is likely an aromatic molecule. Despite this, it has yet to be synthesized. Additionally, it has been predicted computationally that the hexazine molecule is highly unstable, possibly due to the lone pairs on the nitrogen atoms, which may repel each other electrostatically and/or cause electron-donation to sigma antibonding orbitals.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hexazine - PubChem Public Chemical Database". The PubChem Project. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 
  2. ^ J. Fabian and E. Lewars (2004). "Azabenzenes (azines) — The nitrogen derivatives of benzene with one to six N atoms: Stability, homodesmotic stabilization energy, electron distribution, and magnetic ring current; a computational study" (PDF). Canadian Journal of Chemistry. 82 (1): 50–69. doi:10.1139/v03-178.