Hexham (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hexham
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hexham in Northumberland.
Outline map
Location of Northumberland within England.
County Northumberland
Electorate 60,499 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Hexham, Corbridge, Stocksfield, Ponteland, Prudhoe, Wylam, Haydon Bridge, Haltwhistle
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of parliament Guy Opperman (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from North Northumberland and South Northumberland
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

Hexham is a constituency[n 1] in Northumberland represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Guy Opperman, a Conservative.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

This large seat reaches to the Pennines and traverses Hadrians Wall which runs almost due east-west through England, includes substantial agricultural holdings, forestry, wood processing, food, minerals, and manufactured hardware industries and has been held by the Conservative Party and rarely with only marginal majorities since 1924. In the midst of the northwest of the area is Kielder Water and running between this area and the middle of the seat is the southern portion of Kielder Forest, and in the west, the attractions of the precipitous Haltwhistle Burn, Viaduct and Castle. SSE of Hexham is the Derwent Reservoir.[2] Aside from the geographical highlights as set out above this area also houses a portion of Newcastle's commuting middle-class; Hexham was the only Conservative seat in the North East between 1997–2010, and the only one in Northumberland from 1973 until the Conservatives won Berwick-upon-Tweed in 2015.

Demonstrated by latest published old age dependency ratios, a slightly larger than national average proportion of the electorate is retired.[3] Whilst the result in 1997 saw the Labour Party within touching distance of winning the seat generally, results suggest the seat is a safe seat for candidates of the Conservative party.[4]

History[edit]

The seat was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Colonel Douglas Clifton Brown, who was Speaker of the House of Commons during the latter years of the World War II, represented the seat for two separate tenures (from 1918–23, and from 1924–51).

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is named after the town of Hexham in Northumberland. It includes the former Tynedale district and part of the former Castle Morpeth district.[n 3]

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Northumberland, the Boundary Commission for England has made only minor changes to the existing boundaries of the Hexham constituency. The electoral wards used in its formation are:

  • The entire former district of Tynedale
  • The former Castle Morpeth wards of Heddon-on-the-Wall, Ponteland East, Ponteland North, Ponteland South, Ponteland West, Stamfordham and Stannington

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member[5] Whip
1885 Miles MacInnes Liberal
1892 Nathaniel George Clayton Conservative
1893 Miles MacInnes Liberal
1895 Wentworth Beaumont Liberal
1907 Richard Durning Holt Liberal
1918 Douglas Clifton Brown Unionist
1923 Victor Harold Finney Liberal
1924 Douglas Clifton Brown Unionist
1943 Speaker
1951 Rupert Speir Conservative
1966 Geoffrey Rippon Conservative
1987 Alan Amos Conservative
1992 Peter Atkinson Conservative
2010 Guy Opperman Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Hexham[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Guy Opperman 22,834 52.7 +9.5
Labour Liam Carr 10,803 24.9 +5.9
UKIP David Nicholson 4,302 9.9 N/A
Liberal Democrat Jeff Reid[7] 2,961 6.8 -23.1
Green Lee Williscroft-Ferris 2,445 5.6 N/A
Majority 12,031 27.8 +9.5
Turnout 43,345 71.5 +0.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2010: Hexham[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Guy Opperman 18,795 43.2 +0.8
Liberal Democrat Andrew Duffield 13,007 29.9 +4.2
Labour Antoine Tinnion 8,253 19.0 −11.4
Independent Steven Ford 1,974 4.5 N/A
BNP Quentin Hawkins 1,205 2.8 N/A
Independent Colin Moss 249 0.6 N/A
Majority 5,788 13.3
Turnout 43,483 70.8 +2.2
Conservative hold Swing −1.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Hexham[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Atkinson 17,605 42.4 −2.2
Labour Kevin Graham 12,585 30.3 −8.3
Liberal Democrat Andrew Duffield 10,673 25.7 +10.7
English Democrat Ian Riddell 521 1.3 +1.3
Imperial Thomas Davison 129 0.3 +0.3
Majority 5,020 12.1
Turnout 41,513 68.8 −2.1
Conservative hold Swing +3.0
General Election 2001: Hexham[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Atkinson 18,917 44.6 +5.8
Labour Paul Brannen 16,388 38.6 +0.4
Liberal Democrat Philip Latham 6,380 15.0 −2.4
UKIP Alan Patterson 728 1.7 −0.8
Majority 2,529 6.0
Turnout 42,413 70.9 −6.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Hexham[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Atkinson 17,701 38.8 -13.6
Labour Ian McMinn 17,479 38.2 +14.0
Liberal Democrat Philip Carr 7,959 17.4 -4.3
Referendum Robert Waddell 1,362 3.0
UKIP David Lott 1,170 2.6
Majority 222 0.5 -27.7
Turnout 45,671 77.5 -4.9
Conservative hold Swing +13.8
General Election 1992: Hexham[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Atkinson 24,967 52.4 +2.8
Labour Ian Carr Fry Swithenbank 11,529 24.2 +6.2
Liberal Democrat Jonathan C. Wallace 10,344 21.7 −10.0
Green John P. Hartshorne 781 1.6 +0.9
Majority 13,438 28.2 +10.3
Turnout 47,621 82.4 +2.3
Conservative hold Swing −1.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Hexham[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alan Amos 22,370 49.6
Liberal Evan MacFarlane Robson 14,304 31.7
Labour Michael Roy Wood 8,103 18.0
Green Sheila Marjorie Wood 336 0.7
Majority 8,066 17.9
Turnout 80.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Hexham[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Aubrey Geoffrey Frederick Rippon 21,374 51.5
Liberal E.M. Robson 13,066 31.5
Labour Stephen Byers 7,056 17.0
Majority 8,308 20.0
Turnout 73.36
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Aubrey Geoffrey Frederick Rippon 25,483 48.0
Labour Stuart Bell 16,935 31.9
Liberal John Warren Shipley 10,697 20.1
Majority 8,548 16.1
Turnout 79.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Aubrey Geoffrey Frederick Rippon 21,352 43.53
Labour E Wade 16,711 34.07
Liberal Roy Cairncross 10,991 22.41
Majority 4,641 9.46
Turnout 75.37
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Aubrey Geoffrey Frederick Rippon 24,059 45.46
Labour E Wade 16,129 30.48
Liberal Roy Cairncross 12,730 24.06
Majority 7,930 14.99
Turnout 82.62
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Aubrey Geoffrey Frederick Rippon 24,516 51.96
Labour John E Miller 16,645 35.28
Liberal David Cogan 6,021 12.76
Majority 7,871 16.68
Turnout 75.31
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Aubrey Geoffrey Frederick Rippon 20,889 48.10
Labour James B. Lamb 16,105 37.08
Liberal Douglas A. Robson 6,434 14.82
Majority 4,784 11.02
Turnout 78.05
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rupert Malise Speir 22,468 50.70
Labour John Alderson 14,127 31.88
Liberal Douglas A. Robson 7,722 17.42
Majority 8,341 18.82
Turnout 81.88
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rupert Malise Speir 25,500 62.99
Labour Wilfrid Hubert Wace Roberts 14,980 37.01
Majority 10,520 25.99
Turnout 81.11
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rupert Malise Speir 23,462 64.00
Labour William Edward Garrett 13,198 36.00
Majority 10,264 28.00
Turnout 77.28
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rupert Malise Speir 23,267 59.61
Labour Thomas L. MacDonald 15,768 40.39
Majority 7,499 19.21
Turnout 82.42
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Speaker Douglas Clifton Brown 24,703 85.06
Independent Liberal Alexander Hancock 4,154 14.40
Majority 20,549 71.21
Turnout 61.88
Speaker hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Speaker Douglas Clifton Brown 16,431 58.23
Labour Ernest Kavanagh 11,786 41.77
Majority 4,645 16.46
Turnout 73.80
Speaker hold Swing
  • 1943: Douglas Clifton-Brown becomes Speaker of the House of Commons.

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Col. Douglas Clifton Brown 17,241 62.55
Labour Ernest Kinghorn 10,324 37.45
Majority 6,917 25.09
Turnout 75.92
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Col. Douglas Clifton Brown 20,578 73.14
Labour E. O. Dunnico 7,557 26.86
Majority 13,021 46.28
Turnout 79.21
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Douglas Clifton Brown 11,069 39.1 -8.9
Liberal Rt Hon Sir Francis Dyke Acland 9,103 32.2 +2.9
Labour Ernest Owen Dunnico 8,135 28.7 +6.0
Majority 1,966 6.9 -11.8
Turnout 80.2 -2.0
Unionist hold Swing -5.9
General Election 1924: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Douglas Clifton Brown 10,741 48.0 +4.0
Liberal Victor Harold Finney 6,551 29.3 -26.7
Labour C R Flynn 5,089 22.7 n/a
Majority 4,190 18.7 30.7
Turnout 82.2
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +10.3
General Election 1923: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Victor Harold Finney 11,293 56.0 +25.0
Unionist Douglas Clifton Brown 8,887 44.0 -0.8
Majority 2,406 12.0 25.8
Turnout 75.6 -3.7
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +12.9
General Election 1922: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Douglas Clifton Brown 9,369 44.8 -4.1
Liberal Victor Harold Finney 6,486 31.0 +6.1
Labour George William Shield 5,050 24.2
Majority 2,883 13.8 -10.2
Turnout 79.3 +16.9
Unionist hold Swing -5.1

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Douglas Clifton Brown 7,763 48.9
Labour William Weir 4,168 26.2 n/a
Liberal Wentworth Henry Canning Beaumont 3,948 24.9
Majority 3,595 22.7
Turnout 62.4
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

General Election 1914/15:

Percy

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Holt
General Election December 1910: Hexham [18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Durning Holt 5,124 54.2
Conservative Alfred Henry Chaytor 4,334 45.8
Majority 8.4
Turnout 83.4
Liberal hold Swing
General Election January 1910: Hexham [18][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Durning Holt 5,478 55.4
Conservative Charles Loftus Bates 4,417 44.6
Majority 1,061 10.8
Turnout 87.3
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Hexham by-election, 1907
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Durning Holt 5,401
Conservative Charles Loftus Bates 4,241
Majority 1,160
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1906: Hexham [18][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Wentworth Canning Blackett Beaumont 5,632
Conservative George Savile Clayton 3,547
Majority 2,085
Turnout 83.1
Liberal hold Swing
Morpeth
General Election 1900: Hexham [18][21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Wentworth Canning Blackett Beaumont 4,197
Liberal Unionist Viscount Morpeth 4,011
Majority 186
Turnout 79.6
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Beaumont
General Election 1895: Hexham [18][21][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Wentworth Canning Blackett Beaumont 4,438
Conservative Charles Edward Hunter 4,003
Majority 435
Turnout 81.8
Liberal hold Swing
MacInnes
Hexham by-election, 1893 [18][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Miles MacInnes 4,804
Conservative Richard Clayton 4,358
Majority 446
Turnout 87.3
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1892: Hexham [18][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative 4,092 50.5 +7.0
Liberal Miles MacInnes 4,010 49.5 -7.0
Majority 82 1.0 14.0
Turnout 81.4 +9.1
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +7.0
  • Clayton was unseated on petition

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Melgund
General Election 1886: Hexham [18][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Miles MacInnes 4,177 56.5 -2.1
Conservative Viscount Melgund 3,220 43.5 +2.1
Majority 957 13.0 -4.2
Turnout 72.3 +14.2
Liberal hold Swing -2.1
Ridley
General Election 1885: Hexham [18][21][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Miles MacInnes 5,193 68.6 n/a
Conservative Sir Matthew White Ridley 3,663 41.4 n/a
Majority 1,530 17.2 n/a
Turnout 86.5 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Tynedale and Castle Morpeth district councils were abolished in April 2009 in favour of a unitary Northumberland County Council.
References

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Ordnance survey website
  3. ^ 2011 census interactive maps
  4. ^ 2001 Census
  5. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  6. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ http://www.thejournal.co.uk/news/north-east-news/lib-dem-jeff-reid-battle-6938355
  8. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Hexham". BBC News. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ Newcastle Journal 12 Mar 1914
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  19. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  20. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  21. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  22. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  23. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  24. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Daventry
Constituency represented by the Speaker
1943–1951
Succeeded by
Cirencester and Tewkesbury

54°58′16″N 2°06′04″W / 54.971°N 2.101°W / 54.971; -2.101