Hexie (train)

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Hexie (Harmony) / CRH series
ChinaRailwayHighspeed.svg
Sifang CRH2 380A at Shanghai Expo.jpg
CRH380A at Shanghai Expo 2010.
In service28 January 2007 – Present
ManufacturerBombardier Transportation
Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Alstom
Siemens
CRRC
Operator(s)China Railway Corporation
Specifications
Maximum speed350 km/h (217 mph) (operation)
Power supplyOverhead catenary
Electric system(s)25 kV 50 Hz AC
Current collection methodPantograph
Hexie
Simplified Chinese和谐号
Traditional Chinese和諧號
Literal meaningHarmony

Hexie (Chinese: 和谐号), also known as the CRH series EMU, or as the Hexie Hao, is an umbrella term for the multiple unit high-speed trains operated by China Railway under the China Railway High-speed brand. All series of Hexie are based on foreign-developed technology and later manufactured locally in China through technology transfer licenses, with the ultimate goal of China acquiring the know-how and capability to produce high-speed rail trains.

The Harmony series does not belong to any single platform, instead encompassing all high-speed trains in China with roots in foreign technology, specifically CRH1, CRH2, CRH3, CRH5 and CRH6. Although later variants of Hexie such as CRH380A were designed by Chinese companies, they are still classified as CRH due to incorporation of foreign technology.

History[edit]

In 2007, China's Ministry of Railways drafted a plan for China's future high-speed network. Bombardier Transportation, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Alstom and later Siemens joined the high-speed train manufacturing project that later became known as Harmony. Forming joint-ventures with Chinese company CNR and CSR, these four foreign companies signed agreements with China to manufacture high-speed trains for China as well as provide assistance for Chinese companies to manufacture train cars locally in the future.

While the initial train sets from each Hexie series were manufactured overseas, subsequent sets are manufactured locally through technology transfer, a key requirement for China. The signalling, track and support structures, control software, and station design are developed domestically with foreign elements as well. Although the first domestically produced trains were initially delivered in complete knock-down form, eventually manufacturing as a whole became predominantly Chinese.[1]

China currently holds many patents related to the internal components of these trains, re-designed in China to allow the trains to run at higher speeds than the foreign designs allowed. However, these patents are only valid within China, and as such hold no international power. This weakness on the intellectual property of Hexie Hao became an obstruction for China to export its high-speed rail related products, leading to the development of a completely redesigned train brand, Fuxing Hao, which is based on indigenous technologies.[1][2][3][4]

While most Hexie Hao series trains are designed for China Railways, a variant of the CRH380A has been modified for operation by MTR Corporation of Hong Kong, who will operate these trains under the brand Vibrant Express specifically for the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link.

Variants[edit]

China Railway High-speed train passing through Shenzhou railway station in Hainan

The Harmony brand has different electric multiple unit trainsets, the designs for which are imported from other nations and designated CRH-1 through CRH-5 and CRH380A(L), CRH380B(L), and CRH380C(L). CRH trainsets are intended to provide fast and convenient travel between cities. Some of the trainsets are manufactured locally through technology transfer, a key requirement for China. The signalling, track and support structures, control software, and station design are developed domestically with foreign elements as well, so the system as a whole is predominantly Chinese.[1] China currently holds many new patents related to the internal components of these trains, re-designed in China to allow the trains to run at higher speeds than the foreign designs allowed. However, these patents are only valid within China, and as such hold no international power.[1][2][3][5]

The trainsets are as follows:

  • CRH1 produced by Bombardier Transportation's joint venture Sifang Power (Qingdao) Transportation (BST), CRH1A, and CRH1B, nicknamed "Metro" or "Bread", derived from Bombardier's Regina; CRH1E, nicknamed "Lizard", is Bombardier's ZEFIRO 250 design
    • CRH1A: sets consists of 8 cars; maximum operating speed of 250 km/h
    • CRH1B: a modified 16-car version; maximum operating speed of 250 km/h
    • CRH1E: a 16-car high-speed sleeper version; maximum operating speed of 250 km/h
  • CRH2: nicknamed "Hairtail", derived from E2 Series 1000 Shinkansen
    • CRH2A: In 2006, China unveiled CRH2, a modified version of the Japanese Shinkansen E2-1000 series. An order for 60 8-car sets had been placed in 2004, with the first few built in Japan, the rest produced by Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock in China.[6]
    • CRH2B: a modified 16-car version of CRH2; maximum operating speed of 250 km/h
    • CRH2C (Stage one): a modified version of CRH2 with a maximum operating speed up to 300 km/h as a result of replacing two intermediate trailer cars with motored cars
    • CRH2C (Stage two): a modified version of CRH2C (stage one) has a maximum operating speed up to 350 km/h by using more powerful motors
    • CRH2E: a modified 16-car version of CRH2 with sleeping cars
  • CRH3: nickname "Rabbit", derived from Siemens ICE3 (class 403); 8-car sets; maximum operating speed of 350 km/h
  • CRH5A: derived from Alstom Pendolino ETR600; 8-car sets; maximum operating speed of 250 km/h[7]
  • CRH6: designed by CSR Puzhen and CSR Sifang, will be manufactured by CSR Jiangmen. It is designed to have two versions: one with a top operating speed of 220 km/h; the other with a top operating speed of 160 km/h. They will be used on 200 km/h or 250 km/h Inter-city High Speed Rail lines; planned to enter service by 2011[clarification needed]
  • CRH380A; Maximum operating speed of 380 km/h. Developed by CSR and manufactured by Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock; entered service in 2010
  • CRH380B: upgraded version of CRH3; maximum operating speed of 380 km/h, manufactured by Tangshan Railway Vehicle and Changchun Railway Vehicles; entered service in 2011
  • CRH380CL: designed and manufactured by Changchun Railway Vehicles. Maximum operating speed of 380 km/h; planned to enter service in 2012
  • CRH380D: also named Zefiro 380; maximum operating speed of 380 km/h, manufactured by Bombardier Sifang (Qingdao) Transportation Ltd.; planned to enter service in 2012
    • CRH380D: 8-car version
    • CRH380DL: 16-car version (Cancelled in place of additional CRH1A and Zefiro 250NG sets)

CRH1A, B,E, CRH2A, B,E, and CRH5A are designed for a maximum operating speed (MOR) of 200 km/h and can reach up to 250 km/h. CRH3C and CRH2C designs have an MOR of 300 km/h, and can reach up to 350 km/h, with a top testing speed more than 380 km/h. However, in practical terms, issues such as maintenance costs, comfort, and safety make the maximum speed of more than 380 km/h impractical and remain limiting factors.

Engineer's compartment on the CRH3
Train type Quantity Car dimensions Total length Top speed Seating capacity Formation Power output
(under 25 kV)
Entry into Service
CRH1
CRH1A–200 40 (1001–1040) End cars length: 26,950 mm (88 ft 5 in)
Inter cars length: 26,600 mm (87 ft 3 in)
Width: 3,328 mm (10 ft 11.0 in)
Height: 4,040 mm (13 ft 3 in)
Calculated: 213.5 m (700 ft 6 in)
Real: 213.5 m (700 ft 6 in)
Test: 278 km/h (173 mph)
Design: 255 km/h (158 mph)
Continuous operation: 200 km/h (120 mph)
Current operation: 210 km/h (130 mph)
1001–1021: 144 first class and 524 second class (24 dining)
1022–1040: 128 first class seats and 483 second class seats (24 dining)
5M3T 5.3 MW (7,100 hp) February 1, 2007
CRH1A–250 88 (1081–1168) Test: 278 km/h (173 mph)
Design: 285 km/h (177 mph)
Continuous operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
Current operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
1081–1120: 128 first class and 518 second class (14 dining)
1121–1166: 128 first class and 507 second class (14 dining)

1167, 1168: 144 first class and 524 second class (30 dining)

September ?, 2010
CRH1B 19 (1041–1045, 1047–1060) Calculated: 426.3 m (1,398 ft 7 in)
Real: 426.3 m (1,398 ft 7 in)
Test: 292 km/h (181 mph)
Design: 275 km/h (171 mph)
Continuous operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
Current operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
208 first class and 1091 second class (56 dining) 10M6T 11 MW (15,000 hp) May 1, 2009
CRH1B (1E head) 5 (1076–1080) End cars length: 28,280 mm (92 ft 9 in)
Inter cars length: 26,600 mm (87 ft 3 in)
Width: 3,328 mm (10 ft 11.0 in)
Height: 4,040 mm (13 ft 3 in)
Calculated: 428.96 m (1,407 ft 4 in)
Real: 428.9 m (1,407 ft 2 in)
208 first class and 1091 second class (58 dining)
CRH1E 15 (1061–1075) Test: N/A
Design: 275 km/h (171 mph)
Continuous operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
Current operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
1061–1072: 122 second class, 16 luxury sleepers and 480 soft sleepers (58 dining)
1073–1075: 122 second class and 520 soft sleepers (58 dining)
November 4, 2009
CRH1A–A 87 (1169–1228, 1234–1260) End cars length: 26,995 mm (88 ft 6.8 in)
Inter cars length: 25,325 mm (83 ft 1.0 in)
Width: 3,358 mm (11 ft 0.2 in)
Height: 4,160 mm (13 ft 8 in)
Calculated: 205.94 m (675 ft 8 in)
Real: 207.9 m (682 ft 1 in)
48 first class and 565 second class 5M3T 5.5 MW (7,400 hp) February 1, 2016
CRH1E–250 5 (1229–1233) Calculated: 408.54 m (1,340 ft 4 in)
Real: 413.1 m (1,355 ft 4 in)
110 second class and 532 soft sleepers 10M6T 11 MW (15,000 hp) January 29, 2016
CRH380D 85 (1501–1585) End cars length: 27,850 mm (91 ft 4 in)
Inter cars length: 26,600 mm (87 ft 3 in)
Width: 3,368 mm (11 ft 0.6 in)
Height: 4,160 mm (13 ft 8 in)
Calculated: 215.3 m (706 ft 4 in)
Real: 215.3 m (706 ft 4 in)
Test: 420 km/h (260 mph)
Design: 422 km/h (262 mph)
Continuous operation: 380 km/h (240 mph)
Current operation: 310 km/h (190 mph)
1501–1510: 12 premier, 32 first class and 512 second class (14 dining)
1511–1585: 10 business, 28 first class and 518 second class
4M4T 10 MW (13,000 hp) April 19, 2014
CRH2
CRH2G 29 (0001, 2417–2426, 4072–4081 and 4106–4113) End cars length: 25,700 mm (84 ft 4 in)
Inter cars length: 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in)
Width: 3,330 mm (10 ft 11 in)
Height: 3,860 mm (12 ft 8 in)
Calculated: 201.4 m (660 ft 9 in)
Real: 201.4 m (660 ft 9 in)
Test: N/A
Design: 275 km/h (171 mph)
Continuous operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
Current operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
48 first class and 565 second class 4M4T 4.8 MW (6,400 hp) January 8, 2016
CRH2A (EC) 369 (2212–2416, 2427–2460, 2473–2499, 2828, 4001–4071, 4082–4095 and 4114–4131) End cars length: 25,700 mm (84 ft 4 in)
Inter cars length: 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in)
Width: 3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)
Height: 3,700 mm (12 ft 2 in)
Test: N/A
Design: 300 km/h (190 mph)
Continuous operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
Current operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
November 6, 2013
CRH2A (Old) 120 (2001–2009, 2011–2060 and 2151–2211) Test: 282 km/h (175 mph)
Design: 300 km/h (190 mph)
Continuous operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
Current operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
51 first class and 559 second class (16 dining) January 28, 2007
CRH2C Stage 1 28 (2062–2067 and 2069–2090) Test: 394.2 km/h (244.9 mph)
Design: 370 km/h (230 mph)
Continuous operation: 320 km/h (200 mph)
Current operation: 300 km/h (190 mph)
6M2T 7.2 MW (9,700 hp) August 1, 2008
CRH2C Stage 2 29 (2091–2110 and 2141–2149) Test: N/A
Design: 394 km/h (245 mph)
Continuous operation: 350 km/h (220 mph)
Current operation: 310 km/h (190 mph)
8.76 MW (11,750 hp) February ?, 2010
CRH2B 27 (2111–2120, 2466–2472 and 4096–4105) Calculated: 401.4 m (1,316 ft 11 in)
Real: 401.4 m (1,316 ft 11 in)
Test: 275 km/h (171 mph)
Design: 300 km/h (190 mph)
Continuous operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
Current operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
155 first class and 1075 second class (32 dining) 8M8T 9.6 MW (12,900 hp) August 1, 2008
CRH2E 19 (2121–2138 and 2140) Test: N/A
Design: 275 km/h (171 mph)
Continuous operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
Current operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
110 second class and 520 soft sleepers (32 dining) December 1, 2008
CRH2E–NG 2 (2461, 2462) End cars length: 25,700 mm (84 ft 4 in)
Inter cars length: 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in)
Width: 3,330 mm (10 ft 11 in)
Height: 3,750 mm (12 ft 4 in)
Test: N/A
Design: 275 km/h (171 mph)
Continuous operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
Current operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
110 second class and 532 soft sleepers December 14, 2015
3 (2463, 2464, 2465) End cars length: 26,825 mm (88 ft 0.1 in)
Inter cars length: 25,650 mm (84 ft 2 in)
Width: 3,330 mm (10 ft 11 in)
Height: 4,050 mm (13 ft 3 in)
Calculated: 412.75 m (1,354 ft 2 in)
Real: 412.8 m (1,354 ft 4 in)
Test: N/A
Design: 280 km/h (170 mph)
Continuous operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
Current operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
880 soft sleepers July 1, 2017
CRH380A 39 (2501–2537, 2539, 2540) End cars length: 26,500 mm (86 ft 11 in)
Inter cars length: 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in)
Width: 3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)
Height: 3,700 mm (12 ft 2 in)
Calculated: 203 m (666 ft 0 in)
Real: 203 m (666 ft 0 in)
Test: 416.6 km/h (258.9 mph)
Design: 416.6 km/h (258.9 mph)
Continuous operation: 380 km/h (240 mph)
Current operation: 310 km/h (190 mph)
18 premier, 89 first class and 373 second class (14 dining) 6M2T 9.6 MW (12,900 hp) September 30, 2010
CRH380A (New) 279 (2641–2807, 2809–2817, 2819–2827, 2829–2912, 2921–2925, 2931–2935) Test: N/A
Design: 420 km/h (260 mph)
Continuous operation: 380 km/h (240 mph)
Current operation: 310 km/h (190 mph)
10 business, 28 first class and 518 second class January 16, 2014
CRH380AL 113 (2541–2640, 2913–2920, 2926–2930) Calculated: 403 m (1,322 ft 2 in)
Real: 403 m (1,322 ft 2 in)
Test: 486.1 km/h (302.0 mph)
Design: 420 km/h (260 mph)
Continuous operation: 380 km/h (240 mph)
Current operation: 310 km/h (190 mph)
2541–2570: 28 business, 162 first class and 838 second class (38 dining)
Others: 20 business, 118 first class and 923 second seats (38 dining)
14M2T 20.44 MW (27,410 hp) June 30, 2011
CRH3
CRH3A 59 (3081–3111, 5230–5257) End cars length: 27,050 mm (88 ft 9 in)
Inter cars length: 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in)
Width: 3,300 mm (10 ft 10 in)
Height: 3,900 mm (12 ft 10 in)
Calculated: 204.1 m (669 ft 7 in)
Real: 209.75 m (688 ft 2 in)
Test: N/A
Design: 420 km/h (260 mph)
Continuous operation: 380 km/h (240 mph)
Current operation: 310 km/h (190 mph)
48 first class and 565 second class 4M4T Other sets: 5.12 MW (6,870 hp)
Set Nº. 5257: 7.2 MW (9,700 hp)
October 4, 2017
CRH3C 80 (3001–3080) End cars length: 25,860 mm (84 ft 10 in)
Inter cars length: 24,825 mm (81 ft 5.4 in)
Width: 3,265 mm (10 ft 8.5 in)
Height: 3,890 mm (12 ft 9 in)
Calculated: 200.67 m (658 ft 4 in)
Real: 200.67 m (658 ft 4 in)
Test: 394.3 km/h (245.0 mph)
Design: 404 km/h (251 mph)
Continuous operation: 350 km/h (220 mph)
Current operation: 310 km/h (190 mph)
16 principal, 40 first class and 490 second class 4M4T 8.8 MW (11,800 hp) August 1, 2008
CRH380BG 157 (5546–5600, 5626–5636, 5684–5729, 5762–5786, 5803–5822) End cars length: 25,860 mm (84 ft 10 in)
Inter cars length: 24,825 mm (81 ft 5.4 in)
Width: 3,257 mm (10 ft 8.2 in)
Height: 3,890 mm (12 ft 9 in)
Test: N/A
Design: 420 km/h (260 mph)
Continuous operation: 380 km/h (240 mph)
Current operation: 310 km/h (190 mph)
5546–5600, 5626–5636: 16 principal, 44 first class and 491 second class

Others: 10 business, 28 first class and 518 second class

4M4T 9.376 MW (12,573 hp) October 9, 2012
CRH380BL 149 (3501–3570, 3732–3737, 3775–3788, 5501–5545) Calculated: 399.27 m (1,309 ft 11 in)
Real: 399.27 m (1,309 ft 11 in)
Test: 487.3 km/h (302.8 mph)
Design: 487 km/h (303 mph)
Continuous operation: 380 km/h (240 mph)
Current operation: 310 km/h (190 mph)
3501–3542, 5501–5540: 28 business, 186 first class and 791 second class (38 dining)

Others: 26 business, 118 first class and 871 second class (38 dining)

8M8T 18.752 MW (25,147 hp) January 13, 2011
CRH380B 353 (3571–3731, 3738–3776, 5637–5683, 5730–5761, 5787–5802, 5829, 5832–5888) End cars length: 26,475 mm (86 ft 10.3 in)
Inter cars length: 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in)
Width: 3,257 mm (10 ft 8.2 in)
Height: 3,890 mm (12 ft 9 in)
Calculated: 202.95 m (665 ft 10 in)
Real: 202.95 m (665 ft 10 in)
Test: N/A
Design: 446 km/h (277 mph)
Continuous operation: 380 km/h (240 mph)
Current operation: 310 km/h (190 mph)
10 business, 28 first class and 518 second class 4M4T 9.376 MW (12,573 hp) January 16, 2014
CRH380CL 25 (5601–5625) End cars length: 26,525 mm (87 ft 0.3 in)
Inter cars length: 24,825 mm (81 ft 5.4 in)
Width: 3,257 mm (10 ft 8.2 in)
Height: 3,890 mm (12 ft 9 in)
Calculated: 400.6 m (1,314 ft 4 in)
Real: 400.27 m (1,313 ft 3 in)
Test: N/A
Design: 420 km/h (260 mph)
Continuous operation: 380 km/h (240 mph)
Current operation: 310 km/h (190 mph)
5601: 28 business, 130 first class and 871 second class (38 dining)

Others: 26 business, 118 first class and 871 second class (38 dining)

8M8T 19.2 MW (25,700 hp) April 3, 2013
CRH5
CRH5A 140 (5001–5140) End cars length: 27,600 mm (90 ft 7 in)
Inter cars length: 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in)
Width: 3,200 mm (10 ft 6 in)
Height: 4,270 mm (14 ft 0 in)
Calculated: 205.2 m (673 ft 3 in)
Real: 211.5 m (693 ft 11 in)
Test: N/A
Design: 275 km/h (171 mph)
Continuous operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
Current operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
5001–5013, 5044 and 5045: 60 first class and 562 second class
Others: 112 first class and 474 second class
5M3T Other sets: 5.5 MW (7,400 hp)
Set Nº. 5191: 7.2 MW (9,700 hp)
April 18, 2007
CRH5G (Old) 84 (5141–5200, 5206–5229) Test: N/A
Design: 275 km/h (171 mph) / 300 km/h (190 mph)
Continuous operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
Current operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
48 first class and 565 second class December 26, 2014
CRH5G (New) End cars length: 26,850 mm (88 ft 1 in)
Inter cars length: 26,000 mm (85 ft 4 in)
Width: 3,300 mm (10 ft 10 in)
Height: 4,100 mm (13 ft 5 in)
Calculated: 209.7 m (688 ft 0 in)
Real: 211.5 m (693 ft 11 in)
CRH5E 5 (5201–5205) Calculated: 417.7 m (1,370 ft 5 in)
Real: 418.7 m (1,373 ft 8 in)
Test: N/A
Design: 275 km/h (171 mph)
Continuous operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
Current operation: 250 km/h (160 mph)
5201, 5202: 110 second class and 532 soft sleepers
5203–5205: 880 soft sleepers
10M6T 11 MW (15,000 hp) Under testing
CRH6
CRH6A 51 (0401–0408, 0414–0417, 0420–0429, 0601–0623, 4502, 4512) End cars length: 25,700 mm (84 ft 4 in)
Inter cars length: 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in)
Width: 3,300 mm (10 ft 10 in)
Height: 3,860 mm (12 ft 8 in)
Calculated: 201.4 m (660 ft 9 in)
Real: 201.4 m (660 ft 9 in)
Test: 220 km/h (140 mph)
Design: 250 km/h (160 mph)
Continuous operation: 200 km/h (120 mph)
Current operation: 200 km/h (120 mph)
0401–0408, 0601–0610: 557 second class seats and 900 standings
0414–0417, 0611–0622: 554 second class seats and 900 standings

0420–0421, 0436–0439, 0623: 477 second class seats and 1000 standings
0422–0429: 472 second class seats and 1000 standings
4502, 4512: 544 second class seats and 1000 standings

4M4T 5.52 MW (7,400 hp) February 12, 2014
CRH6A–A 1 (0002) Calculated: 101.4 m (332 ft 8 in)
Real: 101.4 m (332 ft 8 in)
270 second class seats and 458 standings 2M2T 2.76 MW (3,700 hp) Under tesing
CRH6F 16 (0409–0413, 0418, 0419, 0430–0435, 4503, 4504, 4511) Calculated: 201.4 m (660 ft 9 in)
Real: 201.4 m (660 ft 9 in)
Test: 176 km/h (109 mph)
Design: 200 km/h (120 mph)
Continuous operation: 160 km/h (99 mph)
Current operation: 160 km/h (99 mph)
0409–0413, 0430–0435: 432 second class seats and 1000 standings
0418–0419: 510 second class seats and 1000 standings
4503, 4504, 4511: 432 second class seats and 1120 standings
4M4T 5.152 MW (6,909 hp) July 11, 2015
CRH6F–A 5 (0003, 0440–0443) Calculated: 101.4 m (332 ft 8 in)
Real: 101.4 m (332 ft 8 in)
270 second class seats and 550 standings 2M2T 2.576 MW (3,454 hp) March 26, 2018

Chinese CRH trainsets order timetable[edit]

Date Factory Speed Level Type Quantity
(set)
Quantity
(car)
Amount
2004-10-10[8] Alstom 250 km/h CRH5A 3 24 620 million EUR
CNR Changchun 57 456
2004-10-12[9] BST (Bombardier & CSR) 250 km/h CRH1A 20 160 US$350 million
2004-10-20[10] Kawasaki 250 km/h CRH2A 3 24 9,300 million RMB
CSR Sifang 57 456
2005-05-30[11] BST 250 km/h CRH1A 20 160 US$350 million
2005-06[10] CSR Sifang 300 km/h CRH2C Stage one 30 240 8,200 million RMB
350 km/h CRH2C Stage two 30 240
2005-11-20[12] Siemens 350 km/h CRH3C 3 24 13,000 million RMB
CNR Tangshan 57 456
2007-10-31[13] BST 250 km/h CRH1B 20 320 1,000 million EUR
CRH1E 20 320
2007-11[14] CSR Sifang 250 km/h CRH2B 10 160 1,200 million RMB
2007-11[10] CSR Sifang 250 km/h CRH2E 6 96 900 million RMB
2008-12-06[10] CSR Sifang 250 km/h CRH2E 14 224 2,100 million RMB
2009-09-23[15] CNR Changchun 250 km/h CRH5A 30 240 4,800 million RMB
2009-03-16[16] CNR Tangshan 380 km/h CRH380BL 70 1,120 39,200 million RMB
CNR Changchun 30 480
2009-09-28[17] CSR Sifang 380 km/h CRH380A 40 320 45,000 million RMB
CRH380AL 100 1,600
2009-09-28[17]
Modified 2012-09-05[18]
BST 380 km/h CRH380D 70 560 27,400 million RMB
250 km/h CRH1A 46 368
250 km/h Zefiro 250NG 60 480
2009-09-28[19] CNR Changchun 380 km/h CRH380B 40 320 23,520 million RMB
CRH380BL 15 240
CRH380CL 25 400
2009-09-28[20] CNR Tangshan 350 km/h CRH3C[21] 20 160 3,920 million RMB
2009-12-30[22] CSR Puzhen 220 km/h CRH6 24 192 2,346 million RMB
2010-07-16[23] BST 250 km/h CRH1A 40 320 5,200 million RMB
2010-09-14[24] CSR Sifang 250 km/h CRH2A 40 320 3,400 million RMB
2010-10-13[25] CNR Changchun 250 km/h CRH5A 20 160 2,700 million RMB
2011-04-26 CNR Changchun 250 km/h CRH5A 30 240 3,870 million RMB
Total 1050 10,240

Chinese CRH trainsets delivery timetable[edit]

Based on data published by Sinolink Securities;[26][27] some small changes were made according to the most recent news.

Type 2006 2007 2008 2009
2010
2011
Future
(plan)

Total
CRH1A 8 18 12 2 20 20 106 80
CRH2A 19 41 15 25 100
CRH5A 27 29 4 30 20 30 140
CRH1B 4 9 7 20
CRH1E 3 8 9 20
CRH2B 10 10
CRH2E 6 14 20
CRH2C 10 20 30 60
CRH3C 7 36 37 80
CRH380A 40 40
CRH380AL 6 94 100
CRH380B 20 201 40
CRH380BL 11 49 551 115
CRH380CL 251 25
CRH380D 702 70
CRH380DL 02 0
CRH6 24 24
Total 27 86 78 88 204 237 330 1050
Cumulative 27 113 191 279 483 744 1050 1050
  • ^1 All CRH380B and CRH380C units to be delivered before 2012.
  • ^2 All CRH380D units to be delivered before 2014.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

  • China Railway High-speed, Chinese high-speed railway service
  • China Railway, Chinese state-owned corporation that operates nearly all Harmony trains.
  • Fuxing Hao, next-generation EMU developed by China with independent intellectual property rights.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Shirouzu, Norihiko (2010-11-17). "Train Makers Rail Against China's High-Speed Designs". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2012-12-26.
  2. ^ a b Wines, Michael; Bradsher, Keith (2011-02-17). "China Rail Chief's Firing Hints at Trouble". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-12-27. Many multinational companies also resent China for tweaking foreign designs and building the equipment itself rather than importing it.
  3. ^ a b Johnson, Ian (2011-06-13). "High-Speed Trains in China to Run Slower, Ministry Says". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-12-27. In the past few months, some foreign companies that sold China its high-speed technology said the trains were not designed to operate at 215 miles per hour. The ministry said that Chinese engineers had improved on the foreign technology and that the trains were safe at the higher speeds.
  4. ^ Xin, Dingding (2011-06-28). "Full steam ahead for high-speed rail patents overseas". China Daily. Retrieved 2012-12-27.
  5. ^ Xin, Dingding (2011-06-28). "Full steam ahead for high-speed rail patents overseas". China Daily. Retrieved 2012-12-27.
  6. ^ "High speed trainsets take shape". Railway Gazette International. 2005-08-01.
  7. ^ "China's high speed fleet expands steadily". Railway Gazette International. 2007-08-01.
  8. ^ 法中企业握手互利共赢. news.xinhuanet.com (in Chinese). 2004-10-25.
  9. ^ "2004年10月12日,BSP与铁道部及广州铁路(集团)签订了20列(160辆)EMU动车组". www.bsp.cn (in Chinese). January 12, 2006. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011.
  10. ^ a b c d "CRH2型动车组详细资料及分类". news.chineserailways.com (in Chinese). December 14, 2009. Archived from the original on August 23, 2011.
  11. ^ 庞巴迪:又获铁道部动车组大订单. info.traffic.hc360.com (in Chinese). 2005-06-10.
  12. ^ 西门子专家进驻唐山机车车辆厂. hebei.moform.gov.cn (in Chinese). August 15, 2006. Archived from the original on August 17, 2011.
  13. ^ "BSP公司在北京签订40列EMU动车组订单". www.bsp.cn (in Chinese). November 2, 2007. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011.
  14. ^ 招商证券-中国南车-601766-动车交付高峰来临,业绩逐季增... www.docin.com (in Chinese).
  15. ^ "公司与北京铁路局签订了30列CRH5型动车组采购合同". www.cccar.com.cnom (in Chinese). Archived from the original on July 17, 2011.
  16. ^ 唐车公司拿到京沪高铁动车组大订单 总金额392亿. info.china.alibaba.com (in Chinese). 2009-03-17.
  17. ^ a b 中国南车:中标巨额合同 增厚公司业绩. www.guosen.com.cn (in Chinese). 2009-09-30.
  18. ^ http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/passenger/single-view/view/zefiro-250ng-included-in-revised-high-speed-train-contract.html
  19. ^ 长客签下235亿订单. jlrbszb.chinajilin.com.cn (in Chinese). 2009-09-28.
  20. ^ 招商证券-中国北车-601299-动车组第三批高毛利率订单将陆续交付. www.docin.com (in Chinese).
  21. ^ "关于CRH3和380B的提问". bbs.ourail.com (in Chinese).
  22. ^ 中国南车获国内首个城际列车项目订单 总值23.46亿人民币 (in Chinese).
  23. ^ "Bombardier Sifang Awarded Fourth Contract for 40 Additional CRH1 High-Speed Trains in China". cn.bombardier.com. 2010-07-16.
  24. ^ 中国南车:再中标动车组订单、未来高增长确定::全景证券频道. www.p5w.net (in Chinese). 2010-09-30.
  25. ^ "news.xinmin.cn/rollnews/2010/10/13/7194620.html". news.xinmin.cn (in Chinese). 2010-10-13.
  26. ^ 中国南车研究报告:国金证券-中国南车-601766-通往春天的铁路设备龙头. docin.com (in Chinese).
  27. ^ 国金证券-中国北车-601299-动车交付单价已触底,毛利率回升可期. docin.com (in Chinese).