Heydar Aliyev International Airport
|Heydar Aliyev International Airport
Heydər Əliyev adına beynəlxalq hava limanı
|IATA: GYD – ICAO: UBBB|
|Owner||Government of Azerbaijan|
|Elevation AMSL||3 m / 10 ft|
Baku Heydar Aliyev International Airport (Azerbaijani: Heydər Əliyev Beynəlxalq Hava Limanı) is one of the six international airports serving Azerbaijan. Formerly, it was called Bina International Airport by the name of a suburb in Baku. On March 10, 2004, the airport was renamed in honor of National Leader Heydar Aliyev, the third President of Azerbaijan. The airport is located 25 kilometers east of Baku, connected to the city by a modern highway, which was put into operation in 2008. The airport is the home of Azerbaijan Airlines, the national flag carrier.
Duty-free shops operate in Terminal 1, and there are shops not only in the departures zone, but also in the arrivals zone unlike most international airports. In addition to plastic cards, one can pay in cash: Azerbaijani manat, US dollar, euro and Russian ruble.
The airport meets international standards. Thanks to its very favorable geographical location, the airport in Baku has become the number one in the region for transit flights between East and West, North and South. The official website of the airport - www.airport.az
Two passenger terminals (International Terminal 1 and Domestic Terminal 2) and two cargo terminals operate at Heydar Aliyev International Airport. The old terminal built in Soviet times, was entirely demolished and replaced by the new Terminal 1. The four-level engineering concept was developed in July 2010 by Arup company, with a tricorn shape and semi transparent roof. The interior, designed by Turkish company AUTOBAN, has a series of oak-veneer 'coccoons'.
Terminal 1 has an equipment for baggage handling by the company “Van Der Lande”, as well as equipment for a thorough inspection of baggage, tomography by the company “L-3”, designed for layered images of the internal structure of the object.
Telescopic ladders of Terminal 1 are able to accept 12 airplanes simultaneously. Two ladders are envisaged for accepting the world's largest passenger aircraft - Airbus A380.
30 escalators and 21 elevators by the company “Schindler” are installed in the building of Terminal 1. The terminal is equipped with “BMS” system (Building Management System), which is designed to automate processes and operations, implemented in modern buildings and is the technical basis of the so-called intelligent buildings. Terminal 1 is also equipped with a separate system of providing resources, such as electricity, lighting, ventilation, heating, air conditioning, water supply and sewerage.
Terminal 1 was commissioned in April 2014. The total area is 65,000 square meters. The terminal’s passenger turnover is designed for 6 million passengers per year. Now Terminal 1 serves up to 3 million passengers per year. The total parking area is 20,000 square meters and designed for 600 cars.
In June 2015 Terminal 1 was awarded 4 stars by Skytrax, an influential British consulting company specializing in the study of the quality of services provided by various airlines and airports worldwide.
Author of the Terminal 2 project, which serves only domestic flights now, is architect Viktor Denisov. The project ranked 1 in the competition in 1981. The project was implemented in 1989.
Runways and other facilities
The first runway has the magnetic course (heading) 16/34 and is 2,700 by 60 m (8,858 by 197 ft), the second runway's magnetic course is 17/35 and is 3,200 by 45 m (10,499 by 148 ft). The paved runways are 4,000 meters long, 75m wide and ready to receive aircraft and helicopters under meteorological minimum established by ICAO. There are high intensity lights for the first runway and low intensity lights for the second one. Three taxiways are situated nearby.
The airport accepts all types of passenger and cargo aircrafts, including the world's largest Airbus A380 and An-225 ("Mriya") Pavement Classification Number (PCN) Runway 17/35 150/F/A/W/T, 16/34 (PCN) 150/F/B/X/T.
There is an onsite emergency rescue team, available 24 hours a day, and their equipment includes Mil Mi-8 helicopter, high flotation vehicle equipped with longwave and upper sideband radio station, motor-car lift crane, BelAZ towing tractor, iron ski, hydraulic elevators, safe blocks and standard tows.
5-star hotel Sheraton with 205 rooms is located in the territory of the airport.
There is a game zone, as well as changing tables for passengers with children at the international terminal.
Conditions for people with disabilities
The airport provides personal assistance to disabled passengers, special parking areas, information desks and check-in counters are organized, medical center operates around the clock, in case of necessity, outpatient elevators are provided to deliver passengers on board of the aircraft. Airport staff escort a passenger, who is checked-in, to the hall, and, later, to the departure gate.
“Baku Bus - H1” express bus run from "28 May" and "Koroglu" metro stations to the airport around-the-clock. Buses run at the interval of 30 minutes. Getting to the airport from Baku (and vice-versa) in a private taxi takes about 20 minutes.
Car and parking
One can get to the airport from the capital by a car either on the airport highway through Heydar Aliyev Avenue, or on Zikh highway through Nobel Avenue. Parking lots designed for more than 1,600 cars in total, are available in front of each terminal
Airlines and destinations
|Passengers||Change from previous year||Aircraft operations||Change from previous year||Cargo
|Change from previous year|
|Source: Airports Council International. World Airport Traffic Reports
(Years: 2012, 2013, and 2014)
- EAD Basic Archived 11 January 2011 at WebCite
- "Baku Cargo Terminal". Archived from the original on 2011-01-11. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
- "Azerbaijan Airlines Launches Low-cost AZALJet Service from late-March 2016". airlineroute.
- "AZAL announces a new program of flights to popular Turkish resort cities". ABC.az. 26 January 2016. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- Nazarli, Amina (25 December 2015). "AZAL to resume flights to Berlin". AzerNews. Retrieved 25 December 2015.
- "China Southern Airlines launches Baku-Urumqi-Guangzhou flight". News.Az. 26 May 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- Tsurkov, Maksim (28 October 2015). "WizzAir to carry out regular Baku-Budapest flights". Trend News Agency. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- Airport Council International's 2012 World Airport Traffic Report
- Airport Council International's 2013 World Airport Traffic Report
- Airport Council International's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report
Media related to Heydar Aliyev International Airport at Wikimedia Commons