Heydar Aliyev International Airport

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Heydar Aliyev International Airport
Heydər Əliyev adına beynəlxalq hava limanı
Baku Airport Logo.png
Международный аэропорт Гейдар Алиев.jpg


GYD is located in Azerbaijan
Location of airport in Azerbaijan
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Azerbaijan
Operator Government
Serves Baku
Location Baku, Azerbaijan
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 3 m / 10 ft
Coordinates 40°28′03″N 050°02′48″E / 40.46750°N 50.04667°E / 40.46750; 50.04667
Website airport.az
Direction Length Surface
m ft
16/34 2,700 8,858 Asphalt/Concrete
17/35 3,200 10,499 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 2,966,725
Passenger change 13–14 Increase3.9%
Aircraft movements 34,794
Movements change 13–14 Increase5.9%
Source: [1] www.airportbaku.com, Azerbaijanian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1] ACI's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report.

Baku Heydar Aliyev International Airport (Azerbaijani: Heydər Əliyev Beynəlxalq Hava Limanı) is one of the six international airports serving Azerbaijan. Formerly, it was called Bina International Airport by the name of a suburb in Baku. On March 10, 2004, the airport was renamed in honor of National Leader Heydar Aliyev, the third President of Azerbaijan. The airport is located 25 kilometers east of Baku, connected to the city by a modern highway, which was put into operation in 2008. It is the busiest airport in Azerbaijan and of the Caucasus. The airport serves as the home base for flag carrier Azerbaijan Airlines and its subsidiary AZALJet as well as freight carrier Silk Way Airlines.


Two passenger terminals (International Terminal 1 and Domestic Terminal 2) and two cargo terminals operate at Heydar Aliyev International Airport. The old terminal built in Soviet times, was entirely demolished and replaced by the new Terminal 1. The four-level engineering concept was developed in July 2010 by Arup company, with a tricorn shape and semi transparent roof.[2] The total area is 65,000 square meters. The interior, designed by Turkish company AUTOBAN, has a series of oak-veneer 'cocoons'.

Terminal 1, commissioned in April 2014, has twelve aerobridge equipped parking bays. The terminal is designed for 6 million passengers per year. It currently serves up to 3 million passengers per year. Terminal 2, which now only serves domestic flights, was completed in 1989.


The airport has two runways; Runway 16/34 is 2,700 by 60 m (8,858 by 197 ft), Runway 17/35 is 3,200 by 45 m (10,499 by 148 ft).[3]


A hotel with 205 rooms is located at the airport.[4]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Seasonal charter: Rhodes 1
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1
Air Arabia Sharjah (begins 23 March 2017)[5] 1
Air Astana Almaty, Astana 1
Air Cairo Sharm el-Sheikh 1
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga 1
AZALJet[6] Aktau, Ankara, Antalya, Dubai–International, Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Kazan, Kiev–Boryspil, Lviv, Mineralnye Vody, Minsk-National, Moscow-Vnukovo, St. Petersburg, Tbilisi, Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Seasonal: Bodrum, Dalaman,[7] Gazipaşa,[7] İzmir[7]
Azerbaijan Airlines Beijing-Capital, Berlin-Tegel,[8] Ganja, London-Heathrow, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Nakhchivan, New York-JFK, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Barcelona
1, 2
Belavia Minsk 1
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Ürümqi[9] 1
flydubai Dubai-International 1
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Najaf 1
Lufthansa Aşgabat, Frankfurt 1
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini (begins 17 December 2016)[10] 1
Montenegro Airlines Charter: Podgorica 1
NordStar Ufa 1
Pobeda Rostov-on-Don[11] 2
Qatar Airways Doha, Tbilisi 1
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo, Novosibirsk 1
SCAT Aktau
Seasonal: Atyrau
Turkish Airlines Islamabad, Istanbul-Atatürk
Seasonal: Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen[12]
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil
Seasonal: Odessa
Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg 1
UTair Aviation Moscow-Vnukovo 1
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent 1
Wizz Air Budapest[13] 2

^* – flights would be transferred to AZALJet[6]


Airlines Destinations
Cargolux Almaty, Amman-Queen Alia, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Singapore
Cargolux Italia Milan-Malpensa
Iran Air Cargo Tehran Imam-Khomeini
Silk Way Airlines Aktau, Amsterdam, Atyrau, Baghdad, Bishkek, Dubai-International, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Kabul, Kandahar, Kuwait, Kuala Lumpur, London-Stansted, Luxembourg, Milan-Malpensa, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Tbilisi, Tehran-Imam Khomeini,[14] Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Ürümqi, Chicago[15]


Traffic by calendar year. Official ACI statistics
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Change from previous year Cargo
(metric tons)
Change from previous year
2012 2,729,611 Increase13.50% 32,582 Increase11.90% 11,239 Increase12.10%
2013 2,856,371 Increase 4.64% 32,846 Increase 0.81% 12,937 Increase15.11%
2014 2,966,725 Increase 3.86% 34,794 Increase 5.93% 14,204 Increase 9.79%
Source: Airports Council International. World Airport Traffic Reports
(Years: 2012,[16] 2013,[17] and 2014[18])

Ground transport[edit]

Access to the city centre by a car either on the airport highway through Heydar Aliyev Avenue, or on Zikh highway through Nobel Avenue. Parking lots designed for more than 1,600 cars in total, are available in front of each terminal.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ EAD Basic Archived January 12, 2011, at WebCite
  2. ^ "Heydar Aliyev International Airport | Arup | A global firm of consulting engineers, designers, planners and project managers". www.arup.com. Retrieved 2016-10-20. 
  3. ^ "Baku Cargo Terminal". Archived from the original on 2011-01-11. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  4. ^ "Sheraton Hotel". www.airport.az. Retrieved 2 December 2016. 
  5. ^ Nagraj, Aarti (23 October 2016). "Air Arabia to launch flights to Baku". Gulf Business. Retrieved 24 October 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "Azerbaijan Airlines Launches Low-cost AZALJet Service from late-March 2016". airlineroute. 
  7. ^ a b c "AZAL announces a new program of flights to popular Turkish resort cities". ABC.az. 26 January 2016. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  8. ^ Nazarli, Amina (25 December 2015). "AZAL to resume flights to Berlin". AzerNews. Retrieved 25 December 2015. 
  9. ^ "China Southern Airlines launches Baku-Urumqi-Guangzhou flight". News.Az. 26 May 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  10. ^ Liu, Jim (23 November 2016). "Mahan Air schedules Baku launch in Dec 2016". Routesonline. Retrieved 24 November 2016. 
  11. ^ Liu, Jim (3 October 2016). "Pobeda schedules new Caucasus routes from late-Oct 2016". Routesonline. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  12. ^ Liu, Jim (27 August 2016). "Turkish Airlines W16 Europe/Short-Haul service changes as of 27AUG16". Routesonline. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  13. ^ Tsurkov, Maksim (28 October 2015). "WizzAir to carry out regular Baku-Budapest flights". Trend News Agency. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  14. ^ http://www.silkwaywest.com/en/news/41/
  15. ^ "Silk Way West Airlines launches direct flights to Chicago". 
  16. ^ Airport Council International's 2012 World Airport Traffic Report
  17. ^ Airport Council International's 2013 World Airport Traffic Report
  18. ^ Airport Council International's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report

External links[edit]

Media related to Heydar Aliyev International Airport at Wikimedia Commons