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Part of Auschwitz III-Monowitz
Located in Upper Silesia
Heydebreck croix rouge1945.jpg
1945 Heydebreck card
Site history
Battles/warsOil Campaign of World War II
Events1945-01: Soviet occupation[2]
Post-war: Area recovered by Poland

Heydebreck was a Nazi Germany village area with POW camps Arbeitskommando E711A[3] and Bau und Arbeits (BAB, English: Building and Labor) camp 20[4]:a (renamed E794 in November 1944).[4]:b Five km west[5]:74 in the Cosel district was a subcamp of Auschwitz III (Monowitz) operated from April 1, 1944 to January 26, 1945.[6] In February and March 1944, 800 POWs from Monowitz Arbeitskommando E715 were transferred to chemical facilities in the area of Blechhammer, Cosel, and Heydebreck.[7]

Heydebreck chemical facilities included a Bergius hydrogenation plant[8] (3300 tons/month),[9] a Kybol plant,[5]:30 a Methanol plant, a Nitrogen plant,[10] a Butanol plant, an Oppanol plant, and (as at Oppau) a Tanol[clarification needed] plant.[11] As a target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, Heydebreck was first bombed in June 1944.[12]

A shooting of British POWs at Heydebreck was studied post-war.[13]

External image
Map distinguishing Cosel, Heydebreck, & Blechhammer


  1. ^ tbd. "tbd".
  2. ^ "tbd". Archived from the original on 2007-12-13.
  3. ^ tbd. "tbd". Archived from the original on 2009-02-16.
  4. ^ a b tbd. "tbd". PrisonerOfWar.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2009-02-04. a) Winter 2004 Archived 2012-02-14 at the Wayback Machine, b) Spring 2004 Archived 2010-10-31 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b Stranges, Dr. Anthony. "Fischer-Tropsch Archive". Washington, D.C.: Fischer-Tropsch.org. Retrieved 2009-06-17.
  6. ^ tbd. "tbd". Archived from the original on 2009-04-23.
  7. ^ tbd. "tbd".
  8. ^ tbd. tbd.
  9. ^ tbd. "tbd". Archived from the original on 2007-10-09.
  10. ^ tbd. "tbd".
  11. ^ tbd. "tbd". Archived from the original on 2008-05-16.
  12. ^ tbd. "tbd" (pdf).
  13. ^ tbd. "Reigersfeld, Heydebreck, Germany: shooting of POWs". gov.uk: The National Archives. Retrieved 2009-09-20.