Hezbi Islami

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Hezbi Islami
د افغانستان اسلامي حزب
LeaderJuma Khan Hamdard
FounderGulbuddin Hekmatyar
Founded1975
Dissolved1979
Preceded byMuslim Youth
Succeeded byHIG
HIK
HIKF
IdeologyIslamism
Party flag
Flag of Hezbi Islami.svg

Hezb-e-Islami (also Hezb-e Islami, Hezb-i-Islami, Hezbi-Islami, Hezbi Islami), lit. Islamic Party,[1] was an Islamist organization that was commonly known for fighting the Communist Government of Afghanistan and their close ally the Soviet Union.[citation needed] Founded and led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, it was established in Afghanistan in 1975.[citation needed]

It grew out of the Muslim Youth organization, an Islamist organization founded in Kabul by students and teachers at Kabul University in 1969 to combat communism in Afghanistan.[2] Its membership was drawn from ethnic Pashtuns, and its ideology from the Muslim Brotherhood and Abul Ala Maududi's Jamaat-e-Islami.[2] Another source describes it as having splintered away from Burhanuddin Rabbani's original Islamist party, Jamiat-e Islami, in 1976, after Hekmatyar found that group too moderate and willing to compromise with others.[3]

In 1979, Mulavi Younas Khalis split with Hekmatyar and established his own Hezbi Islami, known as the Khalis faction, with its power base in Nangarhar.[citation needed] Gulbuddin Hekmatyar's faction is since then referred to as the Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin, or HIG.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Pike, John (August 8, 1998). "Hizb-i-Islami (Islamic Party)". Intelligence Resource Program. Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved March 13, 2012.
  2. ^ a b Roy, Oliver; Sfeir, Antoine (2007). The Columbia World Dictionary of Islamism. Columbia University Press. p. 132.
  3. ^ Haqqani, Husain (2005). Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military. Carnegie Endowment. p. 173. ISBN 9780870032851. Retrieved 2 November 2014.