Heze

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Heze

菏泽
菏泽市
Location of Heze City jurisdiction in Shandong
Location of Heze City jurisdiction in Shandong
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceShandong
County-level divisions9
Township-level divisions158
Municipal seatMudan District
(35°14′N 115°26′E / 35.233°N 115.433°E / 35.233; 115.433)
Government
 • Mayorsunaijun(孙爱军)
Area
 • Total12,238.6 km2 (4,725.3 sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
274000
Area code(s)0530
Licence plate prefixesR

Heze (simplified Chinese: 菏泽; traditional Chinese: 菏澤; pinyin: Hézé) is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Shandong province, People's Republic of China. The westernmost prefecture-level city in Shandong, it borders Jining to the east and the provinces of Henan and Anhui to the west and south respectively. The old name of Heze was Caozhou (曹州; Cáozhōu) and now a part of the city bears this name. The first character in the city's name is sometimes incorrectly written as "" instead.

History

Qing & Republic

People's Republic

In August 1949 Heze was detached from Shandong and given to the experimental province of Pingyuan. It returned to Shandong just over three years later.

In April 1953 Heze and Jining shared out the counties of Huxi, which is no more.

Geography

Heze has a monsoon-influenced climate that lies between the humid subtropical and humid continental zones (Köppen Cwa/Dwa), with four well-defined seasons. Conditions are warm and nearly rainless in spring, hot and humid in summer, crisp in autumn and cold and dry in winter. The mean annual temperature is 13.7 °C (56.7 °F), with monthly 24-hour averages ranging from −0.9 °C (30.4 °F) in January to 26.8 °C (80.2 °F) in July. Rainfall mainly occurs in summer; snow occasionally falls during winter, though heavy falls are very rare.

Climate data for Heze (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
7.3
(45.1)
13.3
(55.9)
21.3
(70.3)
26.5
(79.7)
31.2
(88.2)
31.4
(88.5)
30.4
(86.7)
26.5
(79.7)
21.1
(70.0)
13.4
(56.1)
6.4
(43.5)
19.4
(66.9)
Average low °C (°F) −4.7
(23.5)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.5
(36.5)
9.4
(48.9)
14.6
(58.3)
19.9
(67.8)
23.0
(73.4)
21.9
(71.4)
16.5
(61.7)
10.0
(50.0)
3.0
(37.4)
−2.9
(26.8)
9.2
(48.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8.4
(0.33)
10.1
(0.40)
23.7
(0.93)
30.6
(1.20)
49.6
(1.95)
75.6
(2.98)
166.5
(6.56)
129.3
(5.09)
64.1
(2.52)
39.3
(1.55)
17.4
(0.69)
10.1
(0.40)
624.7
(24.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.6 3.7 5.3 5.7 6.6 8.0 11.8 9.0 7.2 6.0 4.3 3.6 73.8
Average relative humidity (%) 68 64 63 63 66 65 80 83 77 73 71 69 70
Mean monthly sunshine hours 159.0 151.2 191.9 226.8 257.7 252.1 213.3 217.5 204.4 206.6 173.7 156.8 2,411
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Heze administers nine county-level divisions. The municipal executive, legislature and judiciary are in Mudan District (牡丹区), together with CPC and Public Security bureaux.

There are eight counties:

These are further divided into 158 township-level divisions.

Transportation

Economy

Heze is the largest center in China for the cultivation of the "national flower" peony, after which the Mudan District was named. Over 30% of its national income comes from the sale of peony. According to the government's materials in 1995,there is about 800,000 people living in this areas.

External links