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Location of Heze City jurisdiction in Shandong
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Mudan District|
|• Total||12,238.6 km2 (4,725.3 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Licence plate prefixes||鲁R|
Heze (simplified Chinese: 菏泽; traditional Chinese: 菏澤; pinyin: Hézé) is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Shandong province, People's Republic of China. The westernmost prefecture-level city in Shandong, it borders Jining to the east and the provinces of Henan and Anhui to the west and south respectively. The old name of Heze was Caozhou (曹州; Cáozhōu) and now a part of the city bears this name. The first character in the city's name is sometimes incorrectly written as "荷" instead.
Qing & Republic
In August 1949 Heze was detached from Shandong and given to the experimental province of Pingyuan. It returned to Shandong just over three years later.
Heze has a monsoon-influenced climate that lies between the humid subtropical and humid continental zones (Köppen Cwa/Dwa), with four well-defined seasons. Conditions are warm and nearly rainless in spring, hot and humid in summer, crisp in autumn and cold and dry in winter. The mean annual temperature is 13.7 °C (56.7 °F), with monthly 24-hour averages ranging from −0.9 °C (30.4 °F) in January to 26.8 °C (80.2 °F) in July. Rainfall mainly occurs in summer; snow occasionally falls during winter, though heavy falls are very rare.
|Climate data for Heze (1971–2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||4.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−4.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||8.4
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||2.6||3.7||5.3||5.7||6.6||8.0||11.8||9.0||7.2||6.0||4.3||3.6||73.8|
|Average relative humidity (%)||68||64||63||63||66||65||80||83||77||73||71||69||70|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||159.0||151.2||191.9||226.8||257.7||252.1||213.3||217.5||204.4||206.6||173.7||156.8||2,411|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
The prefecture-level city of Heze administers nine county-level divisions. The municipal executive, legislature and judiciary are in Mudan District (牡丹区), together with CPC and Public Security bureaux.
There are eight counties:
- Dingtao County (定陶县)
- Cao County (曹县)
- Chengwu County (成武县) - originally in Huxi
- Shan County (单县) - originally in Huxi
- Juye County (巨野县) - originally in Huxi
- Yuncheng County (郓城县)
- Juancheng County (鄄城县)
- Dongming County (东明县)
These are further divided into 158 township-level divisions.
Heze is the largest center in China for the cultivation of the "national flower" peony, after which the Mudan District was named. Over 30% of its national income comes from the sale of peony. According to the government's materials in 1995,there is about 800,000 people living in this areas.
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- Government website of Heze (in Simplified Chinese)