Hezion

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Hezion
King of Aram Damascus (King of Syria)
Reign circa 773 BCE
Predecessor Possibly Rezon the Syrian
Successor Possibly Ben-Hadad I
Issue Tabrimmon (son)

Hezion was a king of Aram Damascus according to the genealogy given in 1 Kings 15:18, where Ben-Hadad I is said to be the “son of Tabrimmon, the son of Hezion, king of Aram, who lived in Damascus."[1] Samsi-ilu[2] fought against Hezion of Damascus in 773-2 BCE and extracted tribute from him.[3] In the 19th century many scholars equated him with Rezon the Syrian, an enemy of Solomon.

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  1. ^ The New Unger's Bible Dictionary Merrill F. Unger, Roland Kenneth Harrison, R. K. Harrison - 2006 "This important royal inscription in general confirms the order of early Syrian rulers as given in 1 Kings 15:18, where Ben-hadad is said to be the “son of Tabrimmon, the son of Hezion, king of Aram, who lived in Damascus."
  2. ^ "Samsi-ilu, a "strong man" in Assyria, during the reigns of Shalmaneser IV, Assur-dan III and Assur-nirari V. ... probably ordered by the new king under the strong influence of Samsi-ilu."
  3. ^ The Book of Amos in Emergent Judah p173 Jason Radine - 2010 "Samsi-ilu fought against Hezion of Damascus and apparently extracted tribute from him in 773/2, but Damascus appears to have remained independent. 10 This period, the middle two quarters of the eighth century, was proposed by Wolff as ..."

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Preceded by
Possibly Rezon the Syrian
King of Aram-Damascus
circa 773 BCE
Succeeded by
Possibly Ben-Hadad I