Hiawatha First Nation
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|Hiawatha First Nation|
|Hiawatha First Nation Indian Reserve|
|First Nation||Ojibways of Hiawatha|
|• Land||8.07 km2 (3.12 sq mi)|
|• Density||44.9/km2 (116/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
It is found in Otonabee Township approximately 30 kilometers south of Peterborough. The reserve consists of approximately 1,952 acres (7.90 km2) of land of which 1523 are under certificates of possession.
Indigenous peoples occupied this area for thousands of years before European contact. Nearly 2000 years ago, people of the Point Peninsula Complex built a series of earthen mounds for ceremonial, religious and burial purposes. Archaeological excavations have shown the people had sophisticated knowledge to build the massive earthworks. Nine mounds or burial places have been located at the south end of the park. Serpent Mounds Park includes an effigy mound, four to six feet high and nearly two hundred feet long, with a related egg-shaped mound by its mouth.
In 2006 the population was 483, a 62.6% increase since 2001. There were 195 private dwellings.
Indian reserves assigned to the First Nation are:
- Hiawatha First Nation Indian Reserve, 6 km southeast of Peterborough 868.20 ha.
- Islands in the Trent Waters Indian Reserve 36A, in Peterborough County, comprising islands in Pigeon, Buckhorn and Stony Lakes. 139.60 ha. - this reserve is shared with 2 other First Nations.
- "Hiawatha First Nation census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
- "Hiawatha First Nation, Ontario (Code3515008) (table).". 2006 Community Profiles. Statistics Canada, Ottawa. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
- Indian and Northern Affairs Canada - Reserves/Settlements/Villages Detail
- Hiawatha First Nation - Mississaugas of Rice Lake
- Copy of the Treaty Made November 15, 1923 between his Majesty the King and the Mississauga Indians of Rice Lake, Mud Lake, Scugog Lake and Alderville
- A History of the Rice Lake Indians by Mary Jane Muskratte Simpson, Alderville, 1953
- Indian and Northern Affairs Canada - First Nation Profile