Hiawatha National Forest
|Hiawatha National Forest|
IUCN category VI (protected area with sustainable use of natural resources)
Road sign of the Hiawatha National Forest in Alger County
|Location||Upper Peninsula, Michigan, United States|
|Nearest city||Escanaba, MI|
|Area||894,836 acres (3,621.27 km2)|
|Established||January 16, 1931|
|Governing body||U.S. Forest Service|
|Website||Hiawatha National Forest|
Hiawatha National Forest is a 894,836-acre (362,127 ha) National Forest in the Upper Peninsula of the state of Michigan in the United States. Commercial logging is conducted in some areas. The United States Forest Service administers this National Forest; it is physically divided into two subunits, commonly called the Eastside and Westside . In descending order of land area it lies in parts of Chippewa, Delta, Mackinac, Alger, Schoolcraft, and Marquette counties. Chippewa and Mackinac counties are in the Eastside, whereas the rest are in the Westside. The smaller Eastside contains about 44% of the forest's area, whereas the larger Westside has about 56%. Forest headquarters are located in Escanaba, Michigan. Eastside ranger district offices are located in Sault Ste. Marie and St. Ignace, while Westside offices are in Manistique, Munising, and Rapid River.
Eastside was a large infertile sandy area that was never homesteaded or developed. It was designated Marquette National Forest by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1909. This land was administered with Huron National Forest as the Michigan National Forest from 1918 until 1962, when it was transferred to Hiawatha. The forest was authorized to buy an additional 307,000 acres (124,200 ha) in 1925 and 50,000 acres (20,230 ha) in 1935. Westside began being purchased in 1928 and was designated Hiawatha National Forest in 1931. This unit was extensively replanted by the Civilian Conservation Corps.
Many wildlife species roam in this forest including timber wolves, white-tailed deer, golden eagles, black bears, moose, coyotes, bobcats, bald eagles, beavers, red foxes, river otters, Canadian lynxes, hawks, muskrats, weasels, sandhill cranes, minks, and wild turkeys.
The forest has over 100 miles (160 km) of shoreline. Both east and west units have shoreline on both Lake Superior and Lake Michigan; the east unit also has shoreline on Lake Huron and includes Round Island and its lighthouse. The west unit borders Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, which is administered by the National Park Service, and the Grand Island National Recreation Area, which is separately administered by the U.S. Forest Service.
The Hiawatha National Forest contains six designated wilderness areas:
- Big Island Lake Wilderness
- Delirium Wilderness
- Horseshoe Bay Wilderness
- Mackinac Wilderness
- Rock River Canyon Wilderness
- Round Island Wilderness
According to the forest service, it was "Named after the Mohawk chief, Hiawatha, who brought about the confederation known as the Five Nations of the Iroquois. He was also the hero of Longfellow's poem, 'Hiawatha'."
Hiawatha National Forest has many popular areas for camping tourism. Some of the campgrounds include the following:
- Bay Furnace
- Bay View: This is a 24 campsite campground located near Brimley, Michigan on Lake Superior. It offers a secluded beach that many visitors enjoy.
- Brevoort Lake
- Camp 7 Lake
- Carp River: 44 campsites located near the Mackinaw Bridge. Fishing is possible here.
- Collwell Lake
- Corner Lake
- Flowing Well
- Indian River
- Island Lake
- Lake Michigan: 35 campsites on Lake Michigan located near the Mackinaw Bridge
- Little Bass Lake
- Little Bay De Noc
- Monocle Lake Campground: This is a 39-site campground located near Brimley, Michigan near Lake Superior. It is a popular destination for RV camping.
- Petes Lake Campground
- Soldiers Lake Recreation Area
- Three Lakes Campground
- Widewaters Campground
- "Land Areas of the National Forest System" (PDF). U.S. Forest Service. January 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2012.
- "The National Forests of the United States" (PDF). ForestHistory.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 February 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2012.
- USFS Ranger Districts by State
- National Park Service, Hiawatha National Forest, Iroquois Light and Museum
- "Hiawatha National Forest". Eastern Region Forest names. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved February 17, 2012.
- List of Hiawatha National Forest campgrounds
- Bay View Campground
- Carp River Campground
- Monocle Lake Campground
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