Hibbertia scandens

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Hibbertia scandens
Hibbertia scandens orig.jpg
Hscandens27903084978 9d5918bd56 o.jpg
Fruit, Palm Beach, NSW
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Dilleniales
Family: Dilleniaceae
Genus: Hibbertia
Species:
H. scandens
Binomial name
Hibbertia scandens
HibbertiascandensAVH.png
Collection data for H. scandens from the Australasian Virtual Herbarium

Hibbertia scandens (also known as snake vine, climbing guinea flower, golden guinea vine or gold guinea plant) is a species of flowering plant in the family Dilleniaceae, native to Australia but widely cultivated. Growing to 4 m (13 ft) in length, it is a climbing or sprawling evergreen shrub with glossy leaves and solitary, bright yellow flowers.

Description[edit]

The yellow flowers have been reported as having an unpleasant odour[1] variously described as similar to mothballs[2] or animal urine[3] or sweet but with "a pronounced faecel element".[3] The leaves are elliptic or obovate and average 6 cm in length. The fruits consist of segments of bright orange flesh, each surrounding a black seed. While the flesh looks attractive enough to eat, it is best not to. A minute or so after eating, the flesh produces an unpleasant burning sensation in the mouth and lips.[4]

Near the sea, plants tend to be densely hairy with spathulate leaves and flowers with 6 or 7 carpels, while inland, the plants tend to be smoother, with flowers having 3 or 4 carpels.[5]

Taxonomy[edit]

The species was first formally described in 1799 by German botanist Carl Willdenow who gave it the name Dillenia scandens. The specific epithet scandens is derived from Latin, and means "to climb". In 1805, Swedish botanist Jonas Dryander transferred the species into the genus Hibbertia.

Distribution[edit]

Hibbertia scandens occurs in an area that extends from south-eastern New South Wales upwards to north-east Queensland. Australasian Virtual Herbarium data show records for New Zealand and for New Guinea.[6]

Cultivation[edit]

This species is commonly cultivated, and adapts to a wide range of growing conditions. Although it readily grows in semi-shaded areas, it flowers best in full sun. As it is only hardy down to 5 °C (41 °F) it requires winter protection in temperate regions. In the UK it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[7][8]

In popular culture[edit]

Hibbertia scandens appeared on an Australian postage stamp in 1999.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Environmental Protection Agency - Queensland Government - Snake Vine (Hibbertia scandens)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-03-21. Retrieved 2010-11-19.
  2. ^ Indigenous plants of Greater Taree (third edition) (PDF). Greater Taree City Council. 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  3. ^ a b Hawksewood, Trevor J. (31 August 1992). "Diphucephala benhardti sp. nov.(Coleoptera: Scarabaediae:Melonthinae) from heathlands of north-eastern New South Wales, Australia and its association with Hibbertia flowers (Dilleniaceae)" (PDF). Giornale Italiano Di Entomologia. 6: 109–117. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
  4. ^ Rainforest Seedlings
  5. ^ Harden, G.J. & Everett, J. 1990. "PlantNET: Hibbertia scandens. Flora of New South Wales, 1". Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Australasian Virtual Herbarium: Hibbertia scandens map". AVH. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  7. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Hibbertia scandens". Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  8. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 48. Retrieved 6 March 2018.

External Links[edit]