We're Ore And More.
|• Mayor||Rick Cannata|
|• Total||186.46 sq mi (482.92 km2)|
|• Land||182.03 sq mi (471.45 km2)|
|• Water||4.43 sq mi (11.48 km2)|
|Elevation||1,493 ft (455 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||87.10/sq mi (33.63/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0661469|
|Website||City of Hibbing|
Hibbing is a city in Saint Louis County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 16,361 at the 2010 census. The city was built on the rich iron ore of the Mesabi Iron Range. At the edge of town is the largest open-pit iron mine in the world, the Hull–Rust–Mahoning Open Pit Iron Mine. U.S. Highway 169, State Highway 37, State Highway 73, Howard Street, and 1st Avenue are five of the main routes in Hibbing. The Range Regional Airport offers daily commercial flights between Hibbing and Minneapolis-St. Paul, as well as hosting many private pilots and the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources fire fighting aircraft.
The town was founded in 1893 by Frank Hibbing, born in Walsrode, Germany on December 1, 1856, and christened Franz Dietrich von Ahlen. His mother died when he was still in infancy and it was her name, Hibbing, which he assumed when he set out to seek his fortune in the New World. He first settled in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, where he worked on a farm and in a shingle mill. Injured in a mill accident, he considered becoming a lawyer, but after deciding he was not familiar enough with the English language to make a legal career possible, he turned to timber cruising.
In 1887, Hibbing settled in Duluth where he established a real estate business and began explorations on the Vermilion Range. In 1892, he headed a party of thirty men at Mountain Iron and cut a road through the wilderness to Section 22, 58–20. An expert iron ore prospector, he soon discovered the surface indication which led him to believe in the existence of extensive ore deposits.
In July 1893, the townsite of Hibbing was laid out and named in honor of him. Feeling personally responsible, he took the deepest pride in its development and, by his generous aid, made its progress possible. He used his personal means to provide a water plant, electric light plant, the first roads, hotel, sawmill, and bank building. For the last ten years of his life, Hibbing made his home in Duluth, where many of his business interests were centered. He retained close contact with the community which bore his name, until he died of appendicitis on July 30, 1897, at age forty.
In 1914, two men, Carl Wickman and Andrew "Bus Andy" Anderson, started a bus line between Hibbing and Alice, Minnesota, which would eventually become Greyhound Lines, the world's largest bus transportation company.
Hibbing Heights was platted in 1908 and annexed by Alice in 1910, when Alice incorporated as a city. Between 1919 and 1921, the Village of Hibbing was moved immediately south of Alice and then annexed Alice in 1920. Hibbing remained a village until 1979 when the Town of Stuntz was annexed. An Article of Incorporation was filed in July 1979 with the state and Hibbing became a city from that action in January 1980.
Hibbing is home to the world's largest iron ore mine, which was discovered by Leonidas Merritt. Hibbing grew rapidly in its early years as the huge iron ore mines such as the Mahoning, Hull, Rust, Sellers, and Burt provided the raw material for America's industrial revolution. In fact, the mines encroached on the village from the east, north, and west and it was determined that some of the ore body actually went under the town whose population had hit 20,000 by 1915.
Negotiations between the Oliver Mining Company and the village finally brought about a plan whereby the entire village would relocate to a site two miles south near Alice. The company, for its part, agreed to develop the downtown buildings with low interest loans that could be paid off over the years by the retailers. New civic structures such as Hibbing High School, the Androy Hotel, the Village Hall, and the Rood Hospital were also constructed with mining company money. In all, about 200 structures were moved down the First Avenue Highway, as it was called, to the new city. These included a store and even a couple of large hotels. Only one structure didn't make it: the Sellers Hotel tumbled off some rollers and crashed to the ground leaving, as one witness said, "an enormous pile of kindling". The move started in 1919 and the first phase was completed in 1921. Known today as "North Hibbing", this area remained as a business and residential center through the 1940s when the mining companies bought the remaining structures. The last house was moved in 1968.
On July 25, 1979, Hibbing annexed the Town of Stuntz which comprised five townships. With this annexation, the following unincorporated communities were also annexed (community location by township, range and section indicated):
- Brooklyn (T57N, R20W, Section 6)
- Burton (T57N, R20W, Section 8)
- Darrow (T56N, R20W, Section 31)
- Dunwoody Junction (T57N, R20W, Section 3)
- Frederick (T56N, R20W, Section 18)
- Kelly Lake (T57N, R21W, Sections 16 and 21)
- Kerr (T57N, R21W, Section 14)
- Kitzville (T57N, R20W, Section 5)
- Lavinia (T58N, R21W, Section 25)
- Leetonia (T57N, R21W, Section 15)
- Leighton (T56N, R21W, Section 9)
- Little Swan (T56N, R20W, intersection of Sections 25, 26, 35 and 36)
- Mahoning (T57N, R21W, Section 2)
- Mitchell (T57N, R20W, Section 4)
- Onega (or Omega in some documents) (T56N, R20W, Section 24)
- Powers (T58N, R21W, Section 23)
- Redore (T57N, R20W, Section 5)
- Riley (T56N, R21W, Section 1)
- Ruby Junction (T57N, R20W, Section 7)
- Scranton (T57N, R21W, Section 13)
- Sims (T56N, R21W, Section 16)
- Stevenson (or Stephenson in some documents) (T58N, R21W, Section 7)
- Stuart (T56N, R21W, Section 29)
- Wilpen (T57N, R20W, Section 2)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 186.43 square miles (482.85 km2); 181.83 square miles (470.94 km2) is land and 4.60 square miles (11.91 km2) is water. McCarthy Beach State Park is nearby.
Hibbing has a humid continental climate (Koppen: Dfb), experiencing all four seasons, but with long, drawn out winters. Summers are generally warm to hot, while winters are generally cold to severely cold. A freeze has been recorded for every month of the year.
|Climate data for Hibbing, Minnesota (Chisholm-Hibbing Airport), 1991–2020 normals,[a] extremes 1938–present|
|Record high °F (°C)||51
|Mean maximum °F (°C)||38
|Average high °F (°C)||16.9
|Daily mean °F (°C)||6.2
|Average low °F (°C)||−4.4
|Mean minimum °F (°C)||−29
|Record low °F (°C)||−50
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.51
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||15.0
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||7.2||5.0||6.4||8.1||12.0||13.1||11.5||10.7||12.0||11.1||8.0||7.8||112.9|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||10.9||6.9||5.9||3.0||0.2||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.1||1.5||7.3||10.6||46.4|
|Source: NOAA (snow 1981–2010)|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,361 people, 7,414 households, and 4,325 families living in the city. The population density was 90.0 inhabitants per square mile (34.7/km2). There were 8,200 housing units at an average density of 45.1 per square mile (17.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.9% White, 0.6% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.
There were 7,414 households, of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.7% were non-families. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.80.
The median age in the city was 42.5 years. 21.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.7% were from 25 to 44; 29.4% were from 45 to 64; and 17.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.
As of the 2000 census, there were 17,071 people, 7,439 households, and 4,597 families living in the city. The population density was 94.0 people per square mile (36.3/km2). There were 8,037 housing units at an average density of 44.2 per square mile (17.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.33% White, 0.46% Black, 0.73% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population. 17.1% were of German, 12.4% Finnish, 10.5% Norwegian, 9.4% Italian, 6.4% Irish and 5.9% Swedish ancestry.
There were 7,439 households, out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 22.8% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,346, and the median income for a family was $43,558. Males had a median income of $38,064 versus $22,183 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,561. About 8.1% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.3% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.
Hibbing is home to Hibbing Community College, a two-year community and technical college.
- 1240 kHz WMFG
The Hibbing Daily Tribune newspaper was founded in Hibbing in 1893 and serves readers in Saint Louis County. It is published daily, except Monday, with a circulation of 3,749 in 2019. The newspaper is currently owned by the Adams Publishing Group.
- Corey Adam, stand-up comedian.
- Bernard J. Bischoff, Minnesota state representative and judge.
- Joe Bretto, professional ice hockey player, Chicago Blackhawks.
- Vincent Bugliosi, prosecutor of serial killer Charles Manson.
- Bruce Carlson, United States Air Force general, director of National Reconnaissance Office.
- Carl Mario D'Aquila, Minnesota state representative, journalist, and businessman
- Steve Deger, juvenile nonfiction author.
- Bob Dylan (born Robert Zimmerman in Duluth), musician, singer-songwriter, Rock and Roll Hall of Famer, winner of 2016 Nobel Prize in Literature.
- Ron Dicklich, Minnesota state senator.
- Steve Enich, professional football player.
- Jack Fena, Minnesota state representative and judge.
- Dick Garmaker, professional basketball player.
- Gus Hall, former leader of Communist Party USA and four-time U.S. presidential candidate.
- Jeff Halper, professor of anthropology, author, activist, co-founder of Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions.
- Karl Jacob (born and raised), actor and filmmaker.
- Carl Jacobson, Minnesotastate representative and businessman
- Chi Chi LaRue, film director.
- Bob Latz, Minnesota state representative and lawyer
- Roger Maris, professional baseball player, broke Babe Ruth's single-season home run record.
- Kevin McHale, professional basketball player, won three NBA championships with Boston Celtics, named one of 50 Greatest Players in NBA History; served as Minnesota Timberwolves' vice president and as head coach of Houston Rockets, broadcaster for NBA on TNT.
- Bethany McLean, co-author of Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room.
- Joe Micheletti, professional ice hockey player, Olympics and NHL television analyst in NYC, won two NCAA championships with Minnesota Golden Gophers.
- Pat Micheletti, professional ice hockey player, younger brother of Joe.
- Robert Mondavi, wine entrepreneur.
- Lona Minne, Minnesota state representative.
- Timothy Murphy, poet and businessman.
- Marie Myung-Ok Lee, novelist and essayist.
- Carol J. Oja, music historian at Harvard University.
- Benjamin B. Patterson, Minnesota state senator and businessman
- Jeno Paulucci, founder of Jeno's Pizza and Chun King Foods brands.
- Rudy Perpich, Hibbing dentist who served two terms as Governor of Minnesota.
- Scott Perunovich, 2020 Hobey Baker Award winner; St. Louis Blues defenseman.
- John (Jack) Petroske, member of 1956 U.S. Olympic Hockey Team, winning a silver medal.
- Gary Puckett, lead singer and namesake of 1960s band Gary Puckett and the Union Gap was born in Hibbing.
- Frank Riley, co-winner of second Hugo Award for Best Novel, was born in Hibbing.
- Scott Sandelin, professional ice hockey player, won two NCAA championships with North Dakota Fighting Sioux and three as head coach of Minnesota–Duluth Bulldogs men's ice hockey.
- John P. Sheehy, internationally known architect.
- Rudy Sikich, football player.
- John J. Spanish, Minnesota state representative.
- Carl Wickman, founder and longtime CEO of Greyhound Lines.
In popular culture
Hibbing is featured as a setting for two episodes of the fantasy horror television series, Supernatural.
- Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
- "City of Hibbing Minnesota". City of Hibbing Minnesota. Archived from the original on October 17, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved April 23, 2011.[dead link]
- Gilman, Rhoda R. (1989). The Story of Minnesota's Past. Saint Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota Historical Society Press. pp. 35–43. ISBN 0-87351-267-7.
- City of Hibbing Archived October 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Hibbing.mn.us. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
- Hibbing: The Town That Moved, Retrieved March 16, 2011.
- Aircraft Accident Report, Controlled Collision With Terrain, Express II Airlines, Inc./Northwest Airlink Flight 5719, Jetstream BA-3100, N334PX, Hibbing, Minnesota, December 1, 1993 (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. May 24, 1994. NTSB/AAR-94/05. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
- "Minnesota Rivers Map" (Map). Minnesota State Map Collection. Geology.com. 2006. Retrieved December 29, 2007.
- "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
- "Station: Hibbing Chisholm Hibbing AP, MN". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
- "Station: Hibbing Chisholm Hibbing Airport, MN". U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1981-2010). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 12, 2013.
- "Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State - Election Results".
- "Hibbing Daily Tribune". Minnesota Newspaper Association. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
- "Sister Cities in our Region". U.S. Consulate General Hamburg, Germany. Archived from the original on January 25, 2010. Retrieved January 16, 2010.
- "LOWER SAXONY AND THE UNITED STATES" (PDF). U.S. Consulate General Hamburg. August 2009. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 27, 2010. Retrieved January 16, 2010.
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