Hibernia (locomotive)

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Hibernia locomotive.png
An early sketch of Hibernia
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerRichard Roberts
BuilderSharp, Roberts and Company
Build date1834
 • Whyte2-2-0
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Leading dia.3 feet (0.91 m)
Driver dia.5 feet (1.52 m)
Boiler pressure75 lbf/in2 (517 kPa)
Cylinder size11 in × 16 in (279 mm × 406 mm)
OperatorsDublin and Kingstown Railway
First run9 October 1834

Hibernia was a steam locomotive designed by Richard Roberts and built by Sharp, Roberts and Company in 1834 for the Dublin and Kingstown Railway (D&KR). The locomotive had vertical cylinders driving via bell cranks.


Hibernia was built in 1834 for the D&KR. It was one of a class of three similar locomotives. Like Experiment, power transmission from the vertical cylinders was via bell cranks.[1]

Hibernia pulled the first train on the D&KR on 9 October 1834, which consisted of eight carriages.[2] While this was the first trial to traverse the length of the line from Westland Row to Salthill the locomotive Vauxhall had done a shorter trial run with a small train from Dublin to the Martello Tower at Williamstown which is now park of Blackrock Park.[3]


The engine was expected to be able to haul a train of 60 to 80 tons in weight at 20 miles per hour (32 km/h).[4]


  1. ^ "Ireland's Railway Systems". Michael J Irlam. Retrieved 5 April 2008.
  2. ^ "The History of the Dublin and Kingstown Railway". Dalkey. Retrieved 5 April 2008.
  3. ^ "Dublin and Kingstown Railway". The Dublin Penny Journal. 3: 132–133. 25 October 1834. JSTOR 30003942.
  4. ^ "Locomotive Engines on the Dublin and Kingstown Railway". The Dublin Penny Journal. 3: 163–165. 22 November 1834. JSTOR 30004086.

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