Hibernia National Bank

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Hibernia Corporation
FoundedApril 1870; 151 years ago (1870-04)
DefunctNovember 16, 2005; 15 years ago (2005-11-16)
FateAcquired by Capital One
HeadquartersNew Orleans, Louisiana
Area served
Louisiana, Texas
Key people
J. Herbert Boydstun, President & CEO
Marsha M. Gassan, CFO
Total assetsIncrease $22.3 billion (2004)
Number of employees
6,210 (2004)
Footnotes / references
The Hibernia Bank Building in the New Orleans Central Business District. Although all former Hibernia branches have been re-branded as Capital One, this building's historic name and signage remain unaltered.

Hibernia National Bank was a bank headquartered in New Orleans, Louisiana. The bank was the primary subsidiary of Hibernia Corporation, a bank holding company. In November 2005, the bank was acquired by Capital One.

Hibernia is the classical Latin name for Ireland. The logo of the bank included a harp, the national symbol of Ireland.


In April 1870, 3 Irish businessmen co-founded the Hibernia Bank & Trust Company in New Orleans.[2] Patrick Irwin was named the first President, Hugh McCloskey, the first Vice-President, and Thomas Fitzwilliam, first Secretary. In September 1870, the bank began operations.

In 1973, the board of directors hired 38-year-old Martin C. Miler, formerly an executive at First Union, to be the bank's president and chairman.[2] In 1975, the Louisiana legislature approved multi-parish banking. By 1983, Hibernia grew to be the largest bank in the state in terms of assets. Despite its operations in Louisiana, the bank never lent heavily to the petroleum industry.[2]

In 1989, the bank entered Texas via the acquisition of First State Bank of Pflugerville, which was shut down by regulators as a result of bank failure.[3] In 1990, the bank acquired BancTexas after it also failed.[4]

The bank had positive growth every quarter from 1973 to 1990; however, in 1990, as a result of the savings and loan crisis, the bank reported a loss, eliminated its dividend and needed capital.[5]

In 1991, Miler retired.[4]

In 1992, the company sold its operations in Texas to Comerica for $63.1 million in cash.[6] The company also recapitalized by giving Chase Manhattan Bank a majority ownership stake in the company in exchange for debt forgiveness.[7]

In 2000, the company entered the insurance business with the acquisition of The Rosenthal Agency.[8]

In 2003, the company re-entered the Texas market with the acquisition of Coastal Bancorp.[9] The company also announced plans to open additional branches in Texas.[10]

In November 2005, Capital One acquired the company.[11] The acquisition price was re-negotiated downward after Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans.[12]


  1. ^ "Hibernia Corporation 2004 Form 10-K Annual Report". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
  2. ^ a b c BERG, ERIC N. (August 7, 1987). "Bank Thrives in Louisiana". The New York Times.
  3. ^ "Regulators shut down four Texas banks". United Press International. August 24, 1989.
  4. ^ a b "Hibernia seeking merger partners, chairman retires, more losses". United Press International. July 30, 1991.
  5. ^ "Report: NCNB may put capital into Hibernia". United Press International. July 29, 1991.
  6. ^ "Hibernia agrees to sell Texas unit". American Banker. July 20, 1992.(subscription required)
  7. ^ "A Revamping At Hibernia". The New York Times. September 24, 1992.
  8. ^ "HUB International to Acquire One of the Largest Louisiana-Based Insurance Brokers" (Press release). Business Wire. February 14, 2007.
  9. ^ "Hibernia 'coasting' into Houston in big way". American City Business Journals. December 2, 2003.
  10. ^ Higginbotham, Stacey (May 11, 2003). "Hibernia coming back". American City Business Journals.
  11. ^ "Capital One Completes Acquisition of Hibernia Corporation" (Press release). Business Wire. November 16, 2005.
  12. ^ "Capital One and Hibernia Corporation Renegotiate Acquisition Price" (Press release). PRNewswire. September 7, 2005.