Hico, Texas

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For other instances of Hico, see: Hico (disambiguation)

Hico, Texas
"Where Everybody Is Somebody"
Downtown Hico, Texas Wagon Team. c. 1910
Location of Hico, Texas
Location of Hico, Texas
Hamilton County Hico.svg
Coordinates: 31°59′4″N 98°1′50″W / 31.98444°N 98.03056°W / 31.98444; -98.03056
CountryUnited States
 • Total1.82 sq mi (4.73 km2)
 • Land1.82 sq mi (4.72 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
1,027 ft (313 m)
 • Total1,379
 • Estimate 
 • Density774.67/sq mi (299.13/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code254
FIPS code48-33548[4]
GNIS feature ID1374058[5]

Hico (/ˈhk/, HY-koh) is a small city located in Hamilton County in central Texas, United States.[6]

Named for its founder's hometown of Hico in southwestern Kentucky, Hico's original location was on Honey Creek. When the Texas Central line (part of the historic Katy Railroad) was built nearby, the citizens moved 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the rail line. Hico was incorporated in 1883 and became the Hamilton County shipping center. Over the years, it became a cattle and cotton market. Today, ranching and tourism dominate the local economy.[7]

In 1903, Kentucky-based evangelist Mordecai Ham held the first of his 75 Texas revival meetings in Hico. There were 150 professions of faith in Jesus Christ.[8]

"Brushy Bill" Roberts and Billy the Kid[edit]

Billy the Kid Museum
Hico museum employee Jan Canup stands in front of a gold-plated cash register retrieved from an old barn.

Roberts' grave has not been revealed, thus preventing DNA authentication of the remains.[9]

The Hico community[edit]

Hico hosts the Annual Texas Steak Cookoff in May. It boasts thousands of guests every year.


Hico is located in the northern corner of Hamilton County at 31°59′4″N 98°1′50″W / 31.98444°N 98.03056°W / 31.98444; -98.03056 (31.984410, –98.030508).[10] A small portion of the city extends north into Erath County. U.S. Route 281 passes through the city as Walnut Street and North 2nd Street. Highway 281 leads northwest 19 miles (31 km) to Stephenville and south 20 miles (32 km) to Hamilton, the county seat. Texas State Highway 6 passes through the city as Second Street, joining US 281 as it exits the city to the northwest. Highway 6 leads east 23 miles (37 km) to Meridian and west-northwest 21 miles (34 km) to Dublin.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Hico has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2), all land.[6]

Approximately 1.8 miles (2.9 km) north of Hico are what appear to be the remains of an impact crater that was formed some time after the Cretaceous Period.[11]


Historical population
2019 (est.)1,413[3]2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2020 census[edit]

Hico racial composition[13]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 1,038 77.75%
Black or African American (NH) 5 0.37%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 8 0.6%
Asian (NH) 8 0.6%
Pacific Islander (NH) 1 0.07%
Some Other Race (NH) 1 0.07%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 55 4.12%
Hispanic or Latino 219 16.4%
Total 1,335

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 1,335 people, 619 households, and 269 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,341 people, 556 households, and 363 families residing in the city. The population density was 911.4 people per square mile (352.2/km2). There were 640 housing units at an average density of 435.0 per square mile (168.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.23% White, 0.82% Native American, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 7.53% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.26% of the population.

There were 556 households, out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.2% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 22.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,919, and the median income for a family was $34,688. Males had a median income of $27,404 versus $17,708 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,122. About 13.6% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.2% of those under age 18 and 22.4% of those age 65 or over.


The city is served by the Hico Independent School District, home of the Hico Tigers and Lady Tigers.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hico has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[16]

Notable people[edit]

Hico gallery[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "John William Dixon (1889-1964) - Find a Grave". Find a Grave.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Hico city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
  7. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, Texas State Travel Guide, 2008, pp. 200-201
  8. ^ Jerry Hopkins of East Texas Baptist University, "Evangelist Mordecai F. Ham's West Texas Meetings, 1903-1940", paper at East Texas Historical Association and West Texas Historical Association joint meeting in Fort Worth, Texas, February 26, 2010
  9. ^ Hico News Review, September 28, 1996
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ Potential of Radar Imaging and Sounding Methods in Mapping Heavily Eroded Impact Craters: Mapping Some Structural Elements of the Hico Crater, TX (PDF), Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV (2004). Retrieved 2008-05-28
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-21.
  14. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  15. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  16. ^ "Hico, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[14][15]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°59′04″N 98°01′50″W / 31.98441°N 98.030508°W / 31.98441; -98.030508