Location of Hidalgo, within Hidalgo County, Texas
|• Total||8.45 sq mi (21.90 km2)|
|• Land||8.35 sq mi (21.62 km2)|
|• Water||0.11 sq mi (0.28 km2)|
|Elevation||102 ft (31 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,699.17/sq mi (656.02/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1374059|
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The area that is now Hidalgo was first settled by Spanish colonists led by José de Escandón circa 1749. The colony was known by multiple names: La Habitación, Rancho San Luis, and San Luisito. In 1852, John Young settled in the area and renamed the town "Edinburgh" after his place of birth, Edinburgh, Scotland; Edinburgh became the county seat of Hidalgo County. The town was incorporated in 1876, and its name was changed to "Hidalgo" in 1885.
One of the southern termini of U.S. Route 281 is at the border crossing in Hidalgo. The highway leads east then north 12 miles (19 km) to Pharr, or southeast 54 miles (87 km) to Brownsville. Texas State Highway 115 runs north from Hidalgo 8 miles (13 km) to McAllen, the largest city in Hidalgo County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Hidalgo has a total area of 6.7 square miles (17.3 km2), of which 6.6 square miles (17.0 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 1.84%, are water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,322 people, 1,747 households, and 1,593 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,682.2 people per square mile (649.9/km2). There were 1,880 housing units at an average density of 431.9 per square mile (166.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.12% White, 0.12% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 15.45% from other races, and 1.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 97.75% of the population.
There were 1,747 households, out of which 61.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.1% were married couples living together, 21.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 8.8% were non-families. 8.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.19 and the average family size was 4.43.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 39.0% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 14.7% from 45 to 64, and 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $19,469, and the median income for a family was $20,357. Males had a median income of $16,238 versus $13,577 for females. The per capita income for the city was $5,849. About 41.4% of families and 44.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 51.2% of those under age 18 and 45.5% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
The portion in Hidalgo ISD is divided between the zones of Hidalgo Elementary School and Salinas Elementary School. All residents of the Hidalgo ISD area are zoned to Ida Diaz Jr. High School, and Hidalgo Early College High School.
In addition, South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve the community.
The Hidalgo Public Library serves Hidalgo. The library, designed by Hidalgo native Eduardo Vela, opened on April 8, 1998.
Hidalgo used to be the home to the Rio Grande Valley Vipers of the NBA G League, who played in the local Payne Arena, and the Rio Grande Valley FC Toros of the USL Championship, who play in the H-E-B Park. Former teams include the Rio Grande Valley Magic of the Southern Indoor Football League, the Rio Grande Valley Killer Bees of the Central Hockey League and North American Hockey League, La Fiera FC of the Professional Arena Soccer League and the Rio Grande Valley Sol of the Lone Star Football League and X-League Indoor Football. The Payne Arena is also a concert venue serving the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Hidalgo city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Post Office Location - HIDALGO Archived 2010-04-29 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Hidalgo County, TX." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on January 2, 2017.
- Hidalgo ISD School Map. Hidalgo Independent School District. Retrieved on March 12, 2017.
- "Trash Pick-Up Schedule Archived 2016-11-30 at the Wayback Machine" (Hidalgo City Map). City of Hidalgo. Retrieved on March 12, 2017.
- "About HPL Archived 2010-05-27 at the Wayback Machine." Hidalgo Public Library. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.