Hidalgo County, Texas
|Coordinates: 26°23′48″N 98°10′52″W / 26.39672°N 98.18107°W|
|Founded||January 24, 1852|
|Named for||Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla|
|• Total||1,583 sq mi (4,100 km2)|
|• Land||1,571 sq mi (4,070 km2)|
|• Water||12 sq mi (30 km2) 0.81%|
|• Density||550/sq mi (210/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|Congressional districts||15th, 28th, 34th|
Hidalgo County (/hɪˈdælɡoʊ/; Spanish pronunciation: [iˈð̞alɣ̞o]) is located in the U.S. state of Texas. The county seat is Edinburg and the largest city is McAllen. The county is named for Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the priest who raised the call for Mexico's independence from Spain. It is located in the Rio Grande Valley of South Texas and is one of the fastest-growing counties in the United States. As of the 2020 census, the population of Hidalgo County was 870,781, making it the eighth-most populous county in Texas. Hidalgo County is designated by the U.S. Census Bureau as the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission metropolitan statistical area, which itself is part of the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission-Rio Grande City, Texas combined statistical area with neighboring Starr County.
With a population that is 91.9% Hispanic as of 2020, it is Texas' second-most populous majority-Hispanic county and the fifth-largest nationwide. It is also the largest county which is over 90% Hispanic. It is also the southernmost landlocked county in the United States, and in 2021, it was the largest county in the nation with a total fertility rate above the replacement level (at 2.13).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,583 sq mi (4,100 km2), of which 12 sq mi (31 km2) (0.8%) are covered by water. The northern part of the county has sandy and light loamy soils over deep reddish or mottled, clayey subsoils. In some areas, limestone lies within 40 in (1 m) of the surface. The southern part of the county has moderately deep to deep loamy surfaces over clayey subsoils. Along the Rio Grande, brown to red clays occur. Hidalgo County is in the South Texas Plains vegetation area, which features grasses, mesquite, live oaks, and chaparral. Native plants, reduced in recent years by extensive farming, include chapote, guayacán, ebony, huisache, brasil, and yucca.
Natural resources included caliche, sand, gravel, oil, and gas. Oil and gas production in 1982 totaled 98,487,211,000 cubic feet (2.7888472×109 m3) of gas-well gas, 139,995 barrels of crude oil, 1,101,666 barrels of condensate, and 15,784,000 cubic feet (447,000 m3) of casinghead gas. The climate is subtropical and subhumid. Temperatures range from an average low of 47 °F (8 °C) in January to an average high to 96 °F (36 °C) in July; the average annual temperature is 73 °F (23 °C). Rainfall averages 23 inches (580 mm) a year, and the growing season lasts for 320 days of the year.
- Interstate 2
- Interstate 69C (Under Construction)
- U.S. Highway 83
- U.S. Highway 281
- Texas State Highway 107
- Texas State Highway 186
- Texas State Highway 336
- Texas State Highway 495
- Farm to Market Road 364
- Farm to Market Road 490
- Farm to Market Road 492
- Farm to Market Road 493
- Farm to Market Road 494
- Farm to Market Road 676
- Farm to Market Road 681
- Farm to Market Road 907
- Farm to Market Road 1016
- Farm to Market Road 1017
- Farm to Market Road 1423
- Farm to Market Road 1426
- Farm to Market Road 1924
- Farm to Market Road 1925
- Farm to Market Road 2061
- Farm to Market Road 2557
- Farm to Market Road 3072
Adjacent counties and municipalities
- Brooks County (north)
- Kenedy County (northeast)
- Willacy County (east)
- Cameron County (east)
- Starr County (west)
- Gustavo Díaz Ordaz Municipality, Tamaulipas, Mexico (south)
- Reynosa Municipality, Tamaulipas, Mexico (south)
- Río Bravo Municipality, Tamaulipas, Mexico (south)
- Matamoros Municipality, Tamaulipas, Mexico (south)
National protected areas
|U.S. Decennial Census|
1850–2010 2010 2020
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||60,553||53,338||7.82%||6.13%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||2,777||3,364||0.36%||0.39%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||524||635||0.07%||0.07%|
|Asian alone (NH)||7,122||8,604||0.92%||0.99%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||49||78||0.01%||0.01%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||348||1,915||0.04%||0.22%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||1,190||2,846||0.15%||0.33%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||702,206||800,001||90.63%||91.87%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
As of the 2015 Texas Population Estimate Program, the population of the county was 841,667, non-Hispanic whites 62,232 (7.4%). Black Americans 2,973 (0.3%). Other non-Hispanic 11,106 (1.3%). Hispanics and Latinos (of any race) 765,356 (90.9%).
As of the 2010 United States census, there were 774,769 people living in the county. 88.0% were White, 1.0% Asian, 0.6% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 8.8% of some other race and 1.3% of two or more races. 90.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).
There were 216,471 households, and 179,668 families living in the county. The population density was 363 people per square mile (140/km2). There were 248,287 housing units at an average density of 123 per square mile (47/km2). There were 216,471 households, out of which 54.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.00% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.0% were non-families. 14.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.55 and the average family size was 3.94.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 34.7% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.3 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,134, and the median income for a family was $31,760. Males had a median income of $22,635 versus $17,526 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,130. About 32.60% of families and 35.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.4% of those under age 18 and 29.8% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States. In 2009, it was tied with Bronx County, New York for "the greatest share of people receiving food stamps: 29 percent."
Las Milpas, previously unincorporated, was annexed by Pharr in 1987.
Metropolitan Statistical Area
The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Hidalgo County as the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. The United States Census Bureau ranked the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as the 70th most populous metropolitan statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012.
The Office of Management and Budget has further designated the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as a component of the more extensive McAllen-Edinburg, TX Combined Statistical Area, the 60th most populous combined statistical area and the 67th most populous primary statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012.
Government and politics
Hidalgo County tends to vote for the Democratic Party, although there is representation of the Republican Party in some of the offices that affect the county. Hidalgo County is represented by Monica De La Cruz of Texas's 15th congressional district and Vicente González of Texas's 34th congressional district. In the 2012 presidential election, 70.4% of the voters voted for Barack Obama while 28.6% voted for Mitt Romney. The last time Hidalgo County voted Republican was in the 1972 presidential election when Richard Nixon won over 55% of the votes. In the 2020 Presidential election, Hidalgo County saw a significant shift to the Republican Party with Donald Trump increasing the Republican vote from 27.9% in 2016 to 41%. However, as an urban county, the shift was not as large as nearby less densely populated counties.
The Hidalgo County Sheriff's Office operates jail facilities and is the primary provider of law enforcement services to the unincorporated areas of the county.
|County Judge||Richard Cortez||Democratic|
|Commissioner, Precinct 1||David Fuentes||Democratic|
|Commissioner, Precinct 2||Eduardo "Eddie" Cantu||Democratic|
|Commissioner, Precinct 3||Everardo Villareal||Democratic|
|Commissioner, Precinct 4||Ellie Torres||Democratic|
|Criminal District Attorney||Ricardo Rodriguez||Democratic|
|District Clerk||Laura Hinojosa||Democratic|
|County Clerk||Arturo Guajardo, Jr.||Democratic|
|Sheriff||J.E. "Eddie" Guerra||Democratic|
|Tax Assessor-Collector||Pablo "Paul" Villarreal||Democratic|
|Constable, Precinct 1||Celestino Avila, Jr.||Democratic|
|Constable, Precinct 2||Martin Cantu||Democratic|
|Constable, Precinct 3||Lazaro Gallardo, Jr.||Democratic|
|Constable, Precinct 4||Atanacio "J.R." Gaitan||Democratic|
|Constable, Precinct 5||Danny Marichalar||Democratic|
The following school districts serve Hidalgo County:
- Donna Independent School District
- Edcouch-Elsa Independent School District
- Edinburg Consolidated Independent School District
- Hidalgo Independent School District
- La Joya Independent School District
- La Villa Independent School District
- Lyford Consolidated Independent School District (partial)
- McAllen Independent School District
- Mercedes Independent School District
- Mission Consolidated Independent School District
- Monte Alto Independent School District
- Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Independent School District
- Progreso Independent School District
- Sharyland Independent School District
- Valley View Independent School District
- Weslaco Independent School District
In addition, the county is served by the multi-county South Texas Independent School District. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Brownsville operates three PK-8th Grade schools, two lower-level elementary schools and two high schools.
The Edinburg campus of the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (formerly University of Texas-Pan American) is located in Hidalgo County.
All of the county is in the service area of South Texas College. The Pecan, Mid-Valley, Technology, and Nursing & Allied Health campuses of South Texas College are located in Hidalgo County.
In 2020, the total value of products produced in Hidalgo was $11.5 billion.
In 1982, 91% of the land was in farms and ranches, with 52% of the farmland under cultivation and 85% irrigated; 51 to 60% of the county was considered prime farmland. The primary crops were sorghum, cotton, corn, and vegetables; Hidalgo County led Texas counties in the production of cabbage, onions, cantaloupes, carrots, and watermelons. The primary fruits and nuts grown in the county were grapefruit, oranges, and pecans. Cattle, milk cows, and hogs were the primary livestock products. Hidalgo is the highest-producing county in the state for oilseeds and dry beans.
The Southern Cattle Tick (Rhipicephalus microplus) is invasive here. Populations here have also become highly permethrin resistant. In 2014 the problem had become so severe in Cameron that spread here (and to other neighboring counties) was feared. A Temporary Preventative Quarantine Area was established in Cameron to preserve efficacy in these counties. This was unsuccessful however, due at least in part to the ticks' infestation of wildlife including whitetail (Odocoileus virginianus).
- The Community Press
- The Valley Town Crier
- The Monitor
- The Mercedes Enterprise
- RGV Business Journal
- The Progress Times
- Texas Border Business
- Mega Doctor News
- KGBT 98.5 FM
- KGBT 1530 AM
- KBTQ 96.1 FM
- KFRQ 94.5 FM
- KKPS 99.5 FM
- KNVO 101.1 FM
- KVLY 107.9 FM
- KURV 710 AM
- KVMV 96.9 FM
- KTEX 100.3 FM
- KQXX 105.5 FM
- Alton North (former)
- César Chávez
- Citrus City
- Harding Gill Tract
- Indian Hills
- La Blanca
- La Coma Heights
- La Homa
- Laguna Seca
- Llano Grande
- Los Ebanos
- Midway North
- Midway South
- Mila Doce
- Monte Alto
- North Alamo
- Palmview South
- Salida del Sol Estates
- San Carlos
- South Alamo
- Villa Verde
- West Sharyland
Former census-designated places
- List of museums in South Texas
- List of museums in the Texas Gulf Coast
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Hidalgo County, Texas
- Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Hidalgo County
- ^ "An Act to Create the County of Hidalgo". Texas State Archives. Fourth Texas Legislature. January 24, 1852. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 156.
- ^ "Hidalgo County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
- ^ "P2: HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE". 2020 Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
- ^ "CDC WONDER". CDC WONDER. CDC. Retrieved January 5, 2023.
- ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- ^ a b "Hidalgo County". Texas Almanac. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
- ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decade". US Census Bureau.
- ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Hidalgo County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
- ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Hidalgo County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
- ^ Estimates of the Population by Age, Sex, and Race/Ethnicity for July 1, 2015 for State of Texas (PDF), July 15, 2015, archived from the original (PDF) on May 4, 2017, retrieved June 8, 2017
- ^ Bloch, Matthew; Jason DeParle; Matthew Ericson; Robert Gebeloff (November 28, 2009). "Food Stamp Usage Across the Country". New York Times. Retrieved November 28, 2009.
- ^ "LAS MILPAS, TX." Handbook of Texas. Retrieved on September 27, 2013.
- ^ a b "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 21, 2017. Retrieved March 20, 2013 – via National Archives.
- ^ a b "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2013. Archived from the original (CSV) on April 1, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- ^ "Table 2. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2013. Archived from the original (CSV) on May 17, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- ^ "2020 Election Results". New York Times. November 3, 2020. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
- ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Hidalgo County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved June 29, 2022. - list
- ^ "About". South Texas Independent School District. Retrieved June 29, 2022.
The district stretches over three counties, Cameron, Hidalgo and Willacy,[...]
- ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.199. SOUTH TEXAS COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA..
- ^ "About South Texas College". southtexascollege.edu. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
- ^ Hidalgo economy
- ^ "2017 Census - Volume 1, Chapter 1: State Level Data". United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA NASS). 2017. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
- ^ a b c d e
- • Showler, Allan T.; Pérez de León, Adalberto; Saelao, Perot (2021). "Biosurveillance and Research Needs Involving Area-Wide Systematic Active Sampling to Enhance Integrated Cattle Fever Tick (Ixodida: Ixodidae) Eradication". Journal of Medical Entomology. Oxford University Press (Entomological Society of America). 58 (4): 1601–1609. doi:10.1093/jme/tjab051. ISSN 0022-2585. S2CID 233036282.
- • Thomas, Donald B.; Klafke, Guilherme; Busch, Joseph D.; Olafson, Pia U.; Miller, Robert A.; Mosqueda, Juan; Stone, Nathan E.; Scoles, Glen; Wagner, David M.; Perez-De-Leon, Adalberto (2020). "Tracking the Increase of Acaricide Resistance in an Invasive Population of Cattle Fever Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and Implementation of Real-Time PCR Assays to Rapidly Genotype Resistance Mutations". Annals of the Entomological Society of America. Oxford University Press (Entomological Society of America). 113 (4): 298–309. doi:10.1093/aesa/saz053. ISSN 0013-8746. S2CID 216254066.
- ^ Ortiz, Analise (July 2, 2015). "After annexation, drainage remains concern for new Edinburg neighborhood". KVEO-TV.
- ^ Garza, Alicia A. "McCook, Texas". The Handbook of Texas. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- Official website
- Historic photos of Hidalgo County hosted by the Portal to Texas History
- Hidalgo County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas
- Hidalgo County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
- Hidalgo County at the Wayback Machine (archived February 10, 2000)
Coordinates: 26°23′48″N 98°10′52″W / 26.39672°N 98.18107°W