Hideki Kamiya

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hideki Kamiya
神谷 英樹
Born (1970-12-19) December 19, 1970 (age 51)
Alma materKyorin University
OccupationVideo game designer, director
Years active1994–present
Notable work

Hideki Kamiya (神谷 英樹, Kamiya Hideki, born December 19, 1970) is a Japanese video game designer and director. He began his career in 1994 with Capcom, where he directed Resident Evil 2 (1998), Devil May Cry (2001), Viewtiful Joe (2003), and Ōkami (2006). From 2004 to 2006, he worked for the Capcom subsidiary Clover Studio. After leaving Capcom, Kamiya and other former staff members founded PlatinumGames in 2006. His projects with PlatinumGames include Bayonetta (2009) and The Wonderful 101 (2013).

Early life[edit]

Kamiya was born in 1970 in Matsumoto in Nagano Prefecture. At a young age, he was already a fan of video games thanks to a neighbour who often invited him to play with his Epoch Cassette Vision console. Gaming appealed to Kamiya mainly due to the sounds it produced. During his early years of junior school he got his own first console, Nintendo's Famicom. The first game he bought was Nuts & Milk.[1] In high school, Kamiya bought a NEC PC-8801 to study programming but ended up playing video games every day.[2]

The first software he purchased for his PC-8801 MA computer was Hydlide 3: The Space Memories. He also loved monster movies such as Godzilla and Ultraman as a child.[3]

As a game designer, Kamiya stated that he has been most inspired by the games The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past and Gradius. His favorite action game is the original Castlevania.[4] Other favorite games include Space Harrier, Cybernator, Punch-Out, Wonder Boy in Monster Land, Snatcher, Sorcerian, and Star Cruiser.[5]


When reading an interview from the Family Computer Magazine that featured game creators Shigeru Miyamoto and Masanobu Endo, Kamiya decided he would become a video game developer.[2] After graduating from college, Kamiya applied for jobs at various game developers. He was turned down by Sega and had an application accepted by Namco. However, Namco wanted him to be an artist rather than a game designer.[6]

Resident Evil[edit]

Kamiya joined Capcom as a designer in 1994. His early works included planner of the original Resident Evil.

The development of Resident Evil 2 was carried out by a 40- to 50-person group that would later be part of Capcom Production Studio 4.[7][8] The game was directed by Kamiya, who led the team, which was composed of newer Capcom employees and over half of the staff from the original Resident Evil.[7][9][10] In the initial stages of development, producer Shinji Mikami often had creative disagreements with Kamiya, and tried to influence the team with his own direction. He eventually stepped back to an overseeing role as producer, and only demanded to be shown the current build once a month.[10]

To fulfill Capcom's sales plan of two million copies, director Kamiya tried to attract new customers with a more ostentatious and Hollywood-like story presentation.[11] As Yoshiki Okamoto did not want to simply enforce the new direction, he had regular series writer Noboru Sugimura discuss the plot revisions with Mikami and the development staff.[10] The planners redesigned the game from the ground up to fit the changes, and the programmers and other remaining members of the team were sent to work on Resident Evil Director's Cut, which was shipped with a playable preview disc of the new Resident Evil 2 version in order to promote the sequel and to apologize to the players for its belated release.[7][12]

Devil May Cry[edit]

Kamiya was later the director of Devil May Cry, which started out as the earliest incarnation of Resident Evil 4.[13] Initially developed for the PlayStation 2, the game was directed by Hideki Kamiya after producer Shinji Mikami requested that he create a new entry in the Resident Evil series.[14] Around the turn of the millennium,[15] Sugimura[16] created a scenario for the title, based on Kamiya's idea to make a very cool and stylized action game.[17] The story was based on unraveling the mystery surrounding the body of protagonist Tony,[18] an invincible man with skills and an intellect exceeding that of normal people, his superhuman abilities explained with biotechnology.[15] As Kamiya felt the playable character did not look brave and heroic enough in battles from a fixed angle, he decided to drop the prerendered backgrounds from previous Resident Evil installments and instead opted for a dynamic camera system.[14] This new direction required the team to make a trip to Europe where they spent eleven days in the United Kingdom and Spain photographing things like Gothic statues, bricks, and stone pavements for use in textures.[19][20] Though the developers tried to make the "coolness" theme fit into the world of Resident Evil, Mikami felt it strayed too far from the series' survival horror roots and gradually convinced all of the staff members to make the game independent from it.[21] Kamiya eventually rewrote the story to be set in a world full of demons and changed the hero's name to "Dante".[15] The cast of characters remained largely identical to that in Sugimura's scenario,[22] although appearances of the hero's mother and father were written out of the story.[23][24] The game's new title was revealed as Devil May Cry in November 2000.[25]

The game was developed by Team Little Devils, a group of staff members within Capcom Production Studio 4.[26][27] Some of the major gameplay elements were partially inspired by a bug found in Onimusha: Warlords. During a test-play, Kamiya discovered that enemies could be kept in the air by slashing them repeatedly, which led to the inclusion of juggles by gunfire and sword strikes in Devil May Cry.[28] According to the director, Devil May Cry was designed from the ground up around Dante's acrobatics and combat abilities.[29] The decision was made late in the development process to change the game to a more mission-based advancement, instead of the more open-ended structure of the Resident Evil games.[30] Devil May Cry's difficulty was intentional, according to Kamiya, who called it his "challenge to those who played light, casual games."[31]

Despite the success of the original Devil May Cry, the sequel was not created by Hideki Kamiya or Team Little Devils.[32][33] The first notice Kamiya's team was given about any sort of sequel occurred during localization of Devil May Cry in North America and Europe, a move which greatly surprised Kamiya. Instead the project was handed over to Capcom Dev Studio 2.[34] Since the game's release, Kamiya has expressed disappointment that he was not called on by his superiors at Capcom to direct Devil May Cry 2.[35]

Although Kamiya did not direct the third game, Devil May Cry 3: Dante's Awakening, he still advised writer Bingo Morihashi in the characterization of the title character as well as his design. He also gave Morihashi freedom in terms of the story's retcons regarding Vergil's history.[36]

Kamiya has stated on Twitter that he would be interested in remaking the original Devil May Cry game, although he is no longer employed by Capcom.[37]

Clover Studio[edit]

Kamiya directed the original Viewtiful Joe. The game was conceived as a "staff-focused project" aimed at increasing the skill of its creators, specifically director Kamiya.[38] Kamiya provides the voice for Six Machine in the game.[39]

In 2006, Kamiya worked as the director for Ōkami. Ōkami resulted from the combined ideas of Clover Studio.[40] The game was originally built around "depict[ing] a lot of nature", but had no central concept or theme, according to Kamiya, who served as the game's director.[41] Kamiya eventually created a minute-long demonstration movie showing a wolf running about a forest, with flowers blossoming in its wake, but still lacked any gameplay. Kamiya and other members of the team introduced ideas around the nature aspect and eventually led to the game's initial prototype, which Kamiya admitted was "incredibly boring to play".[41] Eventually, they settled onto the gameplay found in the final product, With the core feature of allowing the player to pause the gameplay at any time to draw on the landscape to affect the world around them.[41]

The gameplay style is a mix of action, platform, and puzzle gaming genres, and has been noted by many reviewers to have numerous similarities in overall gameplay style to The Legend of Zelda series,[42] an inspiration that director Hideki Kamiya, a Zelda fan, has admitted has influenced his general game design.[43]

Clover Studio was closed by Capcom in late 2006.[44]


PlatinumGames was founded under the name Seeds, Inc. on August 1, 2006, by Shinji Mikami, Atsushi Inaba and Hideki Kamiya.[44][45]

In May 2008, the company, now renamed to PlatinumGames, announced a four-game deal with publisher Sega.[46] The games involved in the development and publishing deal included Bayonetta, a "stylish action game" for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 directed by Kamiya. The game was considered as the successor of Devil May Cry with Kamiya having used its latest sequel Devil May Cry 4 as part of his research.[47] First announced at E3 2012, Kamiya directed The Wonderful 101 for the Wii U, which was released in September 2013. He also wrote the story to Bayonetta 2,[48] released on the Wii U in October 2014.

Kamiya has stated he is interested in making a new Star Fox game, and due to a lot of fans asking him on Twitter over and over again, he was encouraged to submit ideas to Nintendo without success. Eventually, PlatinumGames did end up working with Nintendo on the next installment of the Star Fox series, entitled Star Fox Zero, and its companion game Star Fox Guard, both of which were released in April 2016.[49] Kamiya was working on Scalebound, a new game for Microsoft Studios until its cancellation in January 2017.[50][51]

Personal life[edit]

Those who have met Kamiya describe him as having a soft-spoken, friendly personality, but he has earned a contrasting and humorous reputation on Twitter for appearing to be overzealous in blocking users for poorly thought-out messages, such as questions written in English. Kamiya stated that he had set out a series of rules for Twitter users to review his past posts and other information that is pinned to his Twitter profile, so that he would not be spending time re-answering the same questions or requests all the time, saying, "If you don’t do your homework, you’re getting banned!" Kamiya's blocking has remained an in-joke with fans, to the point that getting blocked or unblocked became a stretch reward for The Wonderful 101: Remastered Kickstarter.[52][53]


Year Game Role
1996 Resident Evil System planner
Arthur to Astaroth no Nazomakaimura: Incredible Toons Planner
1998 Resident Evil 2 Director
2001 Devil May Cry Director, story
2002 Resident Evil Zero Original game design
2003 Viewtiful Joe Director
2004 Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney − Trials and Tribulations Japanese voice of Godot
Viewtiful Joe 2 Story
2005 Viewtiful Joe: Double Trouble!
2006 Ōkami Director, story
2009 Bayonetta
2013 The Wonderful 101
2014 Bayonetta 2 Supervisor, story
Cancelled[a] Scalebound Director, story
2019 Astral Chain Supervisor
2021 World of Demons
2022 Sol Cresta[54][55] Creative director, story
Bayonetta 3[56] Executive director, story
TBA Project G.G.[57] Director


  1. ^ Cancellation announced in January 2017[51]


  1. ^ "Iwata Asks". Nintendo. p. 1. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Iwata Asks". Nintendo. p. 2. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  3. ^ Leone, Matt. "Hideki Kamiya: Making Scalebound with a Western publisher". Polygon.com. Archived from the original on 2015-01-22. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  4. ^ Mielke, James (August 18, 2006). "The Kamiya Touch: An Interview with Clover's Hideki Kamiya". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
  5. ^ Kamiya, Hideki (January 20, 2008). "Hideki Kamiya's Blog - A Self-Introduction". Facebook. Archived from the original on 2016-01-18. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  6. ^ Kato, Matthew (December 2009). "Action Hero: An Interview With PlatinumGames' Hideki Kamiya". Game Informer. GameStop. p. 11.
  7. ^ a b c "Resident Evil 2: New In-Depth Interview!". Tips & Tricks. LFP, Inc. (37). January 1998.
  8. ^ "Production Studio 4" (in Japanese). Capcom Co., Ltd. Archived from the original on February 6, 2005.
  9. ^ Hodgson, David (1997). Resident Evil 2 Survival Guide. Gamefan Books. pp. 106A–108A.
  10. ^ a b c Research on Biohazard 2 final edition (in Japanese). Micro Design Publishing Inc. September 1, 1998. ISBN 978-4-944000-77-7.
  11. ^ Devil May Cry Graphic Edition (in Japanese). Kadokawa Shoten. December 2001. ISBN 978-4-04-707071-4.
  12. ^ Bio Hazard Perfect Guide: Inside of Bio-Hazard (in Japanese). ASCII Corporation. March 1997. ISBN 4-89366-659-2.
  13. ^ Kevin Gifford, Mark MacDonald (April 2005). "Afterthoughts: Resident Evil 4". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 190. Ziff Davis Media Inc. pp. 51–52.
  14. ^ a b Hideki Kamiya (July 2001). "新しいバイオ". Devil May Cry Column. Capcom. Archived from the original on 6 March 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
  15. ^ a b c Hideki Kamiya (July 2001). "シナリオの話". Devil May Cry Column. Capcom. Archived from the original on 6 March 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
  16. ^ Minoru Funatsu (11 April 2001). "カプコン、深作欣二監督を招き「クロックタワー3」を制作". Game Watch. Impress Watch Corporation. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
  17. ^ Devil May Cry Graphic Edition. Kadokawa Shoten. December 2001. ISBN 978-4-04-707071-4.
  18. ^ Hideki Kamiya (19 September 2010). "Twitter". Archived from the original on 27 October 2013.
  19. ^ Hideki Kamiya (July 2001). "背景". Devil May Cry Column. Capcom. Archived from the original on 6 March 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
  20. ^ James Mielke (18 August 2006). "Retro/Active: Hideki Kamiya -- The Okami Family Tree". 1UP.com. UGO Entertainment, Inc. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 20 July 2008.
  21. ^ Douglass C. Perry (17 May 2001). "E3 2001: Interview with Shinji Mikami". IGN. IGN Entertainment, Inc. Retrieved 20 July 2008.
  22. ^ Hideki Kamiya (22 September 2010). "Twitter". Archived from the original on 8 January 2014.
  23. ^ Hideki Kamiya (19 September 2010). "Twitter". Archived from the original on 8 January 2014.
  24. ^ Hideki Kamiya (20 September 2010). "Twitter". Archived from the original on 8 January 2014.
  25. ^ "New From Capcom: Devil May Cry". IGN. IGN Entertainment, Inc. 15 November 2000. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
  26. ^ Capcom (October 17, 2011). Devil May Cry. Capcom Entertainment, Inc. Scene: staff credits.
  27. ^ "Production Studio 4" (in Japanese). Capcom. Archived from the original on February 6, 2005.
  28. ^ Electronic Gaming Monthly, December 2001 issue, pg. 56
  29. ^ Mielke, James (2006-08-18). "The Kamiya Touch". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 2012-12-08. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
  30. ^ Ike Sato, Yukiyoshi (2001-05-24). "Capcom changes Devil May Cry gameplay". GameSpot. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
  31. ^ "Greatest 200". 1UP. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
  32. ^ Team Little Devils (17 October 2001). Devil May Cry. Capcom Entertainment, Inc. Scene: staff credits.
  33. ^ Kristan Reed (20 February 2003). "The Devil's in the detail". Eurogamer. Eurogamer Network Ltd. Retrieved 19 October 2010.
  34. ^ Capcom (25 January 2003). Devil May Cry 2. Capcom Entertainment, Inc. Scene: staff credits.
  35. ^ Mielke, James (2006-08-18). "The Kamiya Touch". Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
  36. ^ Devil May Cry: 3142 Graphic Arts. Capcom, Udon Entertainment. 2015. p. 211. ISBN 978-1927925485.
  37. ^ "Devil May Cry Creator Wants to Remake Original Game". 15 March 2018.
  38. ^ Sheffield, Brandon (11 March 2005). "Postcard from GDC 2005: Lessons from Viewtiful Joe: Making a Creatively and Financially Successful New Game". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
  39. ^ Production Studio 4 (7 October 2003). Viewtiful Joe. Capcom Entertainment, Inc. Scene: Staff credits, 3:35:19 in, Voices.
  40. ^ McGarvey, Sterling (23 February 2006). "Running with the Wolves: Atsushi Inaba talks Ōkami". Gamespy. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
  41. ^ a b c Grifford, Kevin (4 November 2009). "PlatinumGames' Kamiya Reflects on Bayonetta, Okami". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 19 October 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2009.
  42. ^ Totilo, Stephen (10 October 2006). "GameFile: 'Ōkami' Goes Green; Official Wii Word; 'Idol' Launch And More". MTV. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
  43. ^ Mielke, James (18 August 2006). "The Kamiya Touch: An Interview with Clover's Hideki Kamiya". 1up. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
  44. ^ a b Sinclair, Brendan (February 14, 2007). "Clover vets reunite, form Seeds". GameSpot. Archived from the original on May 24, 2011. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
  45. ^ Gantayat, Anoop (2007-02-15). "Clover Reborn". IGN. Retrieved 2007-02-16.
  46. ^ "PlatinumGames Partner For Four-Title Deal".
  47. ^ Ramsay, Randolph (April 8, 2009). "Q&A: Hideki Kamiya on Bayonetta". GameSpot. Archived from the original on December 28, 2009. Retrieved October 21, 2009.
  48. ^ "Bayonetta 2 joins The Wonderful 101 on Wii U". PlatinumGames.com. 2012-08-31. Archived from the original on 2012-09-15. Retrieved 2012-09-14.
  49. ^ "Archived copy". andriasang.com. Archived from the original on 25 December 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  50. ^ Dyer, Mitch (September 16, 2014). "PlatinumGames Has Never Made A Game Like Scalebound". IGN. Ziff Davis. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  51. ^ a b Goldfarb, Andrew (January 9, 2017). "Microsoft Confirms Scalebound is Cancelled". IGN.
  52. ^ PlatinumGames. "The Wonderful 101: Remastered". Kickstarter. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  53. ^ Robinson, Andy (February 4, 2020). "Blog: I asked Hideki Kamiya all the questions he blocks you for on Twitter". Video Games Chronicle. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
  54. ^ Kamiya, Hideki (5 August 2021). "Sol Cresta revealed: PlatinumGames' 36-years-in-the-making space shooter sequel". PlayStation.Blog. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  55. ^ "Sol Cresta - Gameplay Trailer | PS4". YouTube. 5 August 2021. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  56. ^ Kamiya, Hideki (23 September 2021). "A Message from Bayonetta 3 Executive Director Hideki Kamiya". PlatinumGames Official Blog (in Japanese). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  57. ^ Romano, Sal (February 25, 2020). "Platinum Games announces Hideki Kamiya-directed hero game Project G.G." Gematsu. Retrieved February 25, 2020.

External links[edit]