Hideki Naganuma

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Hideki Naganuma
長沼 英樹
Also known asskankfunk
Born (1972-05-16) May 16, 1972 (age 48)
Hokkaidō, Japan
Years active1993–present

Hideki Naganuma (長沼 英樹, Naganuma Hideki, born May 16, 1972) is a Japanese composer, DJ, and remixer who primarily does work for video game soundtracks. Naganuma is best known for his score for the game Jet Set Radio and sequel Jet Set Radio Future. He was nominated for the Golden Joystick Award for Soundtrack of the Year for his work on the 2005 release Sonic Rush for the Nintendo DS.[1]

He also composed "Love Sensation" and "Sky-2-High" for the anime Air Gear under the alias of skankfunk. In 2012, he contributed the track "LUV CAN SAVE U" for the 20th installment of the arcade rhythm game Beatmania IIDX, produced by Konami and part of the Bemani series.


Naganuma started his musical career by playing the electronic organ, aged five, under the influence of his older sister. When he was fourteen, he became interested in western music and composed his own songs. He then decided to have a job in the music business.[2] During 1993 to 1997 he worked as both a DJ and bartender. He was also aiming to become a singer-songwriter in the J-pop industry[3], but later changed those plans and sent demo tapes to Sega in 1998. He was accepted, with voice editing for Shoujo Kakumei Utena: Itsuka Kakumei Sareru Monogatari and composition for Hip Jog Jog being among his first works with the company.

In 2000, he served as the lead composer for Jet Set Radio. He took inspiration from big beat music for the game. He would go on to compose for its sequel Jet Set Radio Future in 2002, along with Ollie King in 2003, also developed by Smilebit. In 2005, he would compose for Sonic Rush, working under Teruhiko Nakagawa's sound direction. The following year, he was responsible for music supervision and composing two tracks for the anime adaption of Air Gear, itself being influenced by Jet Set Radio. For contractual reasons, he used the "skankfunk" alias as he was still employed at Sega at the time.[4]

Following his work on Yakuza Kenzan in 2008, he left Sega to become a freelance composer. He has continued to work on Sega titles under the skankfunk alias, including Kurohyō: Ryū ga Gotoku Shinshō and Super Monkey Ball 3D. He has also contributed various tracks to western indie games such as Hover: Revolt of Gamers and Lethal League Blaze, both of which take inspiration from Jet Set Radio. He has expressed a desire to create an original album.[5]

During the mid-to-late 2010s, he has developed popularity on the social network site Twitter, where he frequently interacts with fans and posts memes related to Jet Set Radio and Family Guy.[6][7] He was set to compose for Streets of Rage 4[8], but due to schedule complications he withdrew from the project in 2020.[9]


Video games[edit]

Year Title Notes
1998 Shoujo Kakumei Utena: Itsuka Kakumei Sareru Monogatari voice editing
Hip Jog Jog[10] with Kenichi Tokoi
1999 Sega Rally 2 Dreamcast version with Tomonori Sawada
Atsumare! Guru Guru Onsen with various others
2000 JRA PAT for Dreamcast "Ebb & Flow"
Jet Set Radio with various others
Daytona USA 2001 sound effects
2001 Super Galdelic Hour voice editing
2002 Jet Set Radio Future with various others
2003 J. League Pro Soccer Club o Tsukurou! 3 "Get It 2 Win It"
2004 Ollie King
2005 Sonic Rush with Teruhiko Nakagawa, Masayoshi Ishi and Hiroyuki Hamada
Yakuza voice editing
2006 Sega Rally 2006 "Boosted"
Super Monkey Ball: Banana Blitz arrangement ("Southpole (Winter Banana Pretz Mix)")
2008 Super Smash Bros. Brawl supervisor
Yakuza Kenzan[11] cutscene music, sound effects
2010 Kurohyō: Ryū ga Gotoku Shinshō with various others; as skankfunk
2011 Super Monkey Ball 3D
2012 Kurohyō 2: Ryū ga Gotoku Ashura Hen
Beatmania IIDX 20: Tricoro "LUV CAN SAVE U"
Yakuza 5 "Vendor Pop"; as skankfunk
2013 Dead Heat Riders
2014 Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Wii U supervisor
2017 Hover "HEAVEN★UP" and "NEVER 4EVER"
2018 Persona 3: Dancing in Moonlight arrangement ("When The Moon's Reaching Out Stars")


Year Title Notes
2006 Gin Tama arrangement ("Fuusen Gum (Gintama Mix)")
Air Gear[12] "Love Sensation" and "Sky-2-High"; as skankfunk
2007 Dance no Chikara arrangement ("Under The Spreading Chestnut Tree (skankfunky mix)")


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 16, 2007. Retrieved November 14, 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Hideki Naganuma Interview". Archived from the original on September 27, 2003. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
  3. ^ Naganuma, Hideki. "I had written lyrics. Long ago, I was trying 2 be a singer-songwriter in J-Pop industry. But 4 games… no plan at this moment". Retrieved November 14, 2015.
  4. ^ Naganuma, Hideki. "It's a contractual matter". Retrieved November 14, 2015.
  5. ^ 第1676回 Game Music Composer Hideki Naganuma (Video) (in Japanese). December 17, 2019.
  6. ^ Frank, Allegra (April 27, 2017). "Jet Set Radio composer would like to remind you that he can't make a new game happen".
  7. ^ Murray, Sean (March 17, 2020). "Is A Famed Game Composer Thirsty For Family Guy's Lois Griffin?". TheGamer.
  8. ^ Romano, Sal (July 17, 2019). "Streets of Rage 4 'Behind the Tracks' developer diary". Gematsu. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  9. ^ Wong, Alistar (March 20, 2020). "Hideki Naganuma No Longer Composing Streets of Rage 4 Soundtrack Due to Scheduling Complications". Siliconera.
  10. ^ Naganuma, Hideki. "That game is called…"Hip Jog Jog"". Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  11. ^ Naganuma, Hideki. "Just a few songs for movie scene on "Ryu Ga Gotoku Kenzan!" But those were not JSR style music". Retrieved December 20, 2015.
  12. ^ "TVアニメ「エア・ギア」オリジナルサウンドトラック AIR GEAR WHAT A GROOVY TRICK!!". Retrieved August 19, 2015.

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