Hidenoyama Raigorō

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Hidenoyama Raigorō
秀ノ山 雷五郎
Hidenoyama Raigoroh.jpg
Personal information
Born Tatsugoro Kikuta
1808
Miyagi, Japan
Died June 16, 1862(1862-06-16) (aged 54)
Height 1.64 m (5 ft 5 in)
Weight 135 kg (298 lb)
Career
Stable Hidenoyama
Record 112-21-96
33draws-2holds(Makuuchi)
Debut March, 1828
Highest rank Yokozuna (September 1847)
Retired March, 1850
Championships 6 (Makuuchi, unofficial)
* Up to date as of October 2007.

Hidenoyama Raigorō (秀ノ山 雷五郎, 1808 – June 16, 1862) was a sumo wrestler from Kesennuma, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 9th yokozuna. He was also known as Amatsukaze Kumoemon (天津風 雲右衞門), Tatsugami Kumoemon (立神 雲右衞門) and Iwamigata Jōemon (岩見潟 丈右衞門).

Career[edit]

In 1823, he attempted to make his debut, but he was completely ignored at first due to his short height of only 1.51 m (4 ft 11 12 in). He joined Hidenoyama stable in 1827 and made his debut in March 1828. He was promoted to the top makuuchi division in January 1837. He recorded 30 consecutive wins and won the equivalent of six championships before the modern yūshō system was established. In the top makuuchi division, he won 112 bouts and lost 21 bouts, recording a winning percentage of 84.2.

Hidenoyama was awarded a yokozuna licence in November 1847. His height of 1.64 m (5 ft 4 12 in) is lowest among all yokozuna in sumo's long history. He was not one of the greatest wrestlers of his time, but received the licence because he had influential backers.[1] Ōzeki Tsurugizan Taniemon reportedly handed over the yokozuna licence to Hidenoyama.[2]

Retirement from sumo[edit]

After his retirement, he was an elder known as Hidenoyama and produced later yokozuna Jinmaku. He served as a judge (naka-aratame, modern shimpan) but this gave him many opportunities to give favourable decisions to his own pupils. At that time, there were many lower division wrestlers and they were sometimes forced to be absent from sumo bouts. They attempted to have their number of sumo bouts increased. He had the right of deciding their attendances and rejected this, excluding his own pupils. The other lower ranking wrestlers were angry, accusing him of bias, and went on strike because of his practices in 1851.[3] It was the first walkout in sumo history. He eventually apologized to them.

Top division record[edit]

  • The actual time the tournaments were held during the year in this period often varied.
Hidenoyama[4][5]
- Spring Winter
1837 West Maegashira #7
4–1–5
 
West Maegashira #4
0–3–5
2d

 
1838 West Maegashira #4
3–0–3
 
West Maegashira #4
8–0–1
1h
Unofficial

 
1839 West Maegashira #1
7–0–2
1d
Unofficial

 
West Komusubi
6–0–2
2d
Unofficial

 
1840 West Sekiwake
7–1–1
1d

 
West Sekiwake
5–1–2
2d

 
1841 West Ōzeki
6–1–2
1d

 
West Ōzeki
5–2
1d

 
1842 West Ōzeki
3–2–1
4d

 
West Sekiwake
5–1–1
3d

 
1843 West Sekiwake
5–0–4
1d
Unofficial

 
West Sekiwake
5–1–3
1d

 
1844 West Sekiwake
5–1–2
2d

 
West Ōzeki
8–0–2
Unofficial

 
1845 West Ōzeki
6–0–2
2d
Unofficial

 
West Ōzeki
6–1–2
1d

 
1846 West Ōzeki
2–0–7
1d

 
Sat out
1847 West Ōzeki
3–3–1
3d

 
West Ōzeki
4–0–3
3d

 
1848 West Ōzeki
4–2–3
1d

 
West Ōzeki
5–1–2
1d 1h

 
1849 Sat out Sat out
1850 West Ōzeki
Retired
0–0–10
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Retired Lower Divisions

Key:   d=Draw(s) (引分);   h=Hold(s) (預り);   nr=no result recorded
Divisions: MakuuchiJūryōMakushitaSandanmeJonidanJonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks: 
Yokozuna (not ranked as such on banzuke until 1890)
ŌzekiSekiwakeKomusubiMaegashira

*Championships for the best record in a tournament were not recognized or awarded before the 1909 summer tournament and the above unofficial championships are historically conferred. For more information see yūshō.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Newton, Clyde (1994). Dynamic Sumo. Kodansha. p. 51. ISBN 4-7700-1802-9. 
  2. ^ 「得意手のないのが名人!」(大関・剣山谷右衛門) (in Japanese). Japan Sumo Association. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  3. ^ 秀の山 雷五郎 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2008-05-24. 
  4. ^ "Hidenoyama Raigoro Rikishi Information". Sumo Reference. Retrieved 2007-10-04. 
  5. ^ ja:大相撲優勝力士, Retrieved 2007-10-04[better source needed]

See also[edit]

Previous:
Shiranui Dakuemon
9th Yokozuna
1847 - 1850
Next:
Unryū Kyūkichi
Yokozuna is not a successive rank, and more than one wrestler can share the title