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February 26, 1929|
|Died||August 30, 1992(aged 63)|
|Occupation||Film director, screenwriter|
Hideo Gosha (五社 英雄 Gosha Hideo, February 26, 1929 – August 30, 1992) was a Japanese film director.
Born in Arasaka, Tokyo Prefecture, Gosha graduated from high school and served in the Imperial Navy during the Second World War. After earning a business degree at Meiji University, he joined Nippon television as a reporter in 1953. In 1957 he moved on to the newly founded Fuji Television and rose through the ranks as a producer and director. One of his television shows, the chambara Three Outlaw Samurai, so impressed the heads of the Shochiku film studio that he was offered the chance to adapt it as a feature film in 1964. Following this film's financial success, he directed a string of equally successful chambara productions through the end of the 1960s. His two most critical and popular successes of the period are Goyokin and Hitokiri (also known as Tenchu), both released in 1969 and both considered to be two of the finest examples of the chambara genre.
During the 1970s Gosha abandoned pure chambara and turned his productive energies toward films in the yakuza genre but he still produced period sword films such as The Wolves (1971 film) (1972), Bandits vs. Samurai Squadron (1978), and Hunter in the Dark (1979). His films Three Outlaw Samurai and Sword of the Beast (1965) have been released by Criterion.
By the early 1980s, Gosha began making period films that featured prostitutes as protagonists that were renowned for their realism, violence, and overt sexuality. They were critically panned for those very reasons, but they were also all box office successes. In 1984 he was awarded the Japan Academy Prize for Director of the Year for The Geisha.
- 1964 Three Outlaw Samurai
- 1965 Sword of the Beast
- 1966 Cash Calls Hell
- 1966 The Secret of the Urn
- 1966 Samurai Wolf
- 1967 Samurai Wolf II
- 1969 Goyokin
- 1969 Hitokiri (aka Tenchu)
- 1971 The Wolves
- 1974 Violent Streets
- 1978 Bandits vs. Samurai Squadron
- 1979 Hunter in the Dark
- 1982 Onimasa
- 1983 The Geisha
- 1984 Fireflies in the North
- 1985 Oar/Kai
- 1985 Tracked/Usugesho
- 1986 Death Shadows
- 1986 The Yakuza Wives
- 1987 Tokyo Bordello
- 1988 Carmen 1945
- 1989 226/Four Days of Snow and Blood
- 1991 Kagero
- 1992 The Oil-Hell Murder
- 第 7 回日本アカデミー賞優秀作品 (in Japanese). Japan Academy Prize. Retrieved 2011-01-13.
- "香港電影資料館 - 張徹──回憶錄‧影評集 - 張徹電影的陽剛武力革命──代序二". www.lcsd.gov.hk. Retrieved 2016-06-23.
- Janus FIlms and Criterion Present Samurai Classics at the Ritz : Fantastic Fest
- Sutajio yū (2008). Plus Madhouse 02 - Yoshiaki Kawajiri (PLUS MADHOUSE 2 川尻善昭?). Inc./Hatsubai Kinemajunpōsha. ISBN 978-4-87376-304-0. OCLC 233684835. Japanese edition
- A Director's Cuts: The Samurai Savvy Of Hideo Gosha at washingtonpost.com
- Hideo Gosha on IMDb
- Hideo Gosha at the Japanese Movie Database (in Japanese)