Hidesaburō Ueno

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Hidesaburō Ueno
Statue of Hidesaburo Ueno.jpg
The statue of Hidesaburō Ueno in Tokyo
Native name
上野 英三郎
Born(1872-01-19)January 19, 1872
DiedMay 21, 1925(1925-05-21) (aged 53)
Cause of deathcerebral hemorrhage
NationalityJapanese
OccupationAgricultural scientist
Known forBeing the guardian of Hachikō, a famous dog
Spouse(s)Yaeko Sakano (1915–1925)
Academic background
Educationagricultural engineering
Alma materTokyo Imperial University
Academic work
InstitutionsTokyo Imperial University
Main interestsagricultural engineering

Hidesaburō Ueno (上野 英三郎, Ueno Hidesaburō) (January 19, 1872 – May 21, 1925)[1] was a Japanese agricultural scientist, famous in Japan as the guardian of Hachikō, a devoted dog.

Life and career[edit]

He was born in January 19, 1872 in Hisai-shi (present-day Tsu), Mie Prefecture. In 1895, he graduated from Tokyo Imperial University's agriculture department, and in the same year, he entered graduate school to study agricultural engineering and farm implement research. He finished his graduate work on July 10, 1900, and he began teaching at Tokyo Imperial University, as an assistant professor. In 1902, he became an associate professor in the agricultural university.

He made efforts toward the education of technical experts in the field of arable land readjustment: studying drainage and reclamation engineering. Technology of the arable land readjustment was used for the imperial capital revival, after the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake.

In 1916, he became Professor of Imperial University at the university agriculture department, and he took charge of the agricultural engineering lecture. He provided a program of agricultural engineering specialization in the agriculture department. Ueno died of a cerebral hemorrhage in May 21, 1925 while he was giving a lecture. Ueno was later buried at Aoyama Cemetery.

Hachikō[edit]

Grave of Hidesaburō Ueno and grave of Hachikō (right stele), located at Aoyama Cemetery (青山霊園) Minami-Aoyama, Minato, Tokyo

His dog, Hachikō, became famous for waiting for him every day at the train station even though he had already died. The dog continued to do so until his own death, nine years later. Hachikō is buried beside Ueno in Aoyama Cemetery, Tokyo, Japan. A bronze statue commemorating the dog was set up in front of the Shibuya Station in 1934 a year before his death (March 8, 1935). His story has been the subject of numerous books and films.

Statue of Hidesaburō Ueno and Hachikō
Hachikō finally reunited with his master Hidesaburō Ueno

In March 9, 2015, the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Tokyo unveiled a bronze statue depicting Ueno returning to meet Hachikō at the University of Tokyo, Japan.[2] The statue was sculpted by Tsutomo Ueda from Nagoya and depicts a very excited Hachiko jumping up to greet his master at the end of a workday. Ueno is dressed in a hat, suit, and trench coat, with his briefcase placed on the ground. Hachiko wears a studded harness as seen in his last photos.[3]

Yaeko Sakano[edit]

Yaeko Sakano (坂野 八重子, Sakano Yaeko), more often referred as Yaeko Ueno, was an unmarried partner to Hidesaburō Ueno for about 10 years until his death in 1925. Hachikō was reported to have shown great happiness and affection towards her whenever she came to visit him. Yaeko died in 30 April 1961 at the age of 76 and despite her request to her family members to be buried with her late partner, she was buried at a temple in Taitō, further away from Ueno's grave. Her record was later found by Sho Shiozawa, the professor of the University of Tokyo in 2013, who was also the president of the Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Rural Engineering, which manages Ueno’s grave at Aoyama Cemetery.

In November 10, 2013, which marked the 90th anniversary of the Birth of Hachikō, Sho Shiozawa and Keita Matsui, a curator of the Shibuya Folk and Literary Shirane Memorial Museum, felt the need that Yaeko to be buried together with Ueno and Hachikō. Shiozawa also went on as one of the organizers involved with the creation of bronze statue of Hachikō and Ueno which was later unveiled on the grounds of the University of Tokyo on the 80th anniversary of Hachiko's death in March 9, 2015.

With willing consents from Ueno and Sakano families and the negotiations with management of the Aoyama Cemetery, but due to regulations and bureaucracy the process took about 2 years.[4]

In 19 May 2016 during the ceremony at the Aoyama Cemetery with both Ueno and Sakano families in present, some of the ashes of Yaeko Sakano were buried with Ueno and Hachikō, her name and the date of her death was inscribed on the side of his tombstone, thus fulfilled the reunion of the Hachikō's family.[5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In Tokyo Teikokudaigaku Jinjiroku 『東京帝国大学人事録』, the employment records of University of Tokyo, his name was written as Hidesamurō 上野英三郎.
  2. ^ "Hachiko, Japan's most loyal dog, finally reunited with owner in heartwarming new statue in Tokyo". rocketnews24.com. 11 February 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Hachiko Statue University of Tokyo - Tokyo - Japan Travel - Japan Tourism Guide and Travel Map". JapanTravel. Retrieved 2018-04-09.
  4. ^ "In love and death - The Nation". The Nation. Retrieved 2018-04-10.
  5. ^ "もうひとつの「ハチ公」物語 - 読む・考える・書く". 読む・考える・書く (in Japanese). 1463792889. Retrieved 2018-04-06. Check date values in: |date= (help)

Further reading[edit]

  • Skabelund, Aaron Herald (2011). Empire of Dogs: Canines, Japan, and the Making of the Modern Imperial World (A Study of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute. Columbia University. ISBN 978-0-8014-5025-9.
  • Skabelund, Aaron Herald (23 September 2011). "Canine Imperialism". Berfrois.com. Retrieved 28 October 2011.