Hidetaka Miyazaki

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Hidetaka Miyazaki
Native name 宮崎 英高
Born 1974 or 1975 (age 41–43)
Shizuoka, Japan
Nationality Japanese
Alma mater Keio University
Occupation Game director, game designer
Notable work Souls series, Bloodborne
Title President of FromSoftware, Inc.
Term 2014–present

Hidetaka Miyazaki (宮崎 英高, Miyazaki Hidetaka, born in Shizuoka, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan) is a Japanese video game director and president of the game development company, FromSoftware. Miyazaki originally joined FromSoftware as a programmer in 2004, and after directing Armored Core 4 and Armored Core: For Answer in the 2000s, he became internationally known for creating and directing the Souls series in the 2010s.

Although Miyazaki had directed the first two games in the Souls series, he took a supervising role for Dark Souls II (2014), due to the parallel development of Bloodborne (2015), which made him unable to direct both titles simultaneously. After the release of Bloodborne, Miyazaki returned to the Souls series as the lead director on Dark Souls III (2016).

Miyazaki's influences on game design and writing style range from the works of various novelists, mangakas, and other game designers such as Fumito Ueda and Yuji Horii, as well as European and Asian architecture. Miyazaki's games often invoke the use of high difficulty, strong visual and environmental storytelling, and providing a large amount of the game's setting and character lore through mostly vague flavor text, with the Souls series in particular being notable for it.

Early life[edit]

Miyazaki stated that he grew up "tremendously poor" while living in the city of Shizuoka, Japan.[1] He was a keen reader, but since his parents could not afford him books or manga, he had to borrow whatever he could find in his local library.[1] The books he read at the time were sometimes beyond his reading capabilities, with parts of text he could not understand fully. Miyazaki used his imagination to fill in the blanks by using the accompanying illustrations, which later inspired some of his ideas for game design.[1]

Career[edit]

After graduating from Keio University with a degree in social science, Miyazaki went to work doing account managing for the U.S. based Oracle Corporation.[1][2] Upon a friend's recommendation, Miyazaki began playing the 2001 video game Ico, causing him to consider a career change to a game designer.[1] At age 29 however, Miyazaki found that few game companies would employ him, with one of the few being FromSoftware, where Miyazaki began working as a planner on Armored Core: Last Raven in 2004, joining the game's development halfway through.[1][2] Miyazaki later directed the development of Armored Core 4 and its direct sequel, Armored Core: For Answer.[2]

Upon learning about what later became Demon's Souls, Miyazaki became excited at the prospect of a fantasy action role-playing game and offered to help.[1] The project, up until Miyazaki was assigned to it, was considered a failure by the company, with Miyazaki stating "I figured if I could find a way to take control of the game, I could turn it into anything I wanted. Best of all, if my ideas failed, nobody would care – it was already a failure."[1] Although the game was received negatively at the 2009 Tokyo Game Show and sold far under expectations upon release, it began to pick up after a few months and soon found publishers willing to release the title outside Japan.[1] After the release and success of the game's spiritual successor Dark Souls in 2011, Miyazaki was promoted to the position of company president in May 2014.[3][4]

After the release of the Prepare to Die edition of Dark Souls in August 2012, Sony Computer Entertainment approached FromSoftware concerning cooperative development on a new title. Miyazaki asked about the possibility of developing a game for eighth-generation consoles, and the concept of Bloodborne developed from there. There were no story or setting connections to FromSoftware's previous titles, even though Miyazaki conceded that it "carries the DNA of Demon's Souls and its very specific level design".[5] Development ran parallel to that of Dark Souls II, which Miyazaki simply supervised as he was unable to direct both titles simultaneously.[6]

After the release of Bloodborne in March 2015, Miyazaki returned to the Souls series as the director on Dark Souls III, with assistance from Steel Battalion: Heavy Armor and Dark Souls II lead directors Isamu Okano and Yui Tanimura, respectively.[7][8] The title was released in Japan in March 2016, and worldwide the next month. In April 2016, Miyazaki revealed that he and FromSoftware were working on a new intellectual property, unrelated to the Souls series, which he wanted to personally move away from.[9][10]

Influences and design style[edit]

Miyazaki and his development team for Dark Souls were inspired by the Milan Cathedral in Italy, modeling a central area in the game after it

Miyazaki's influences include video games such as Ico,[11] the early Dragon Quest games,[12][13] The Legend of Zelda[12][14] and King's Field video game series,[15] manga series such as Berserk, Saint Seiya, JoJo's Bizarre Adventure,[16] and Devilman,[14] the literary works of H. P. Lovecraft, Bram Stoker, and George R. R. Martin,[14][17] and gamebooks such as Sorcery! and RuneQuest.[18][14] Miyazaki is also influenced by European architecture, and often uses it as a way of environmental storytelling.[19][20][21]

Miyazaki stated that the notable difficulty of the Souls series had no intention of being "more difficult than other titles on purpose". Rather, the difficulty was a part of the process that gives players "a sense of accomplishment by overcoming tremendous odds", while also having a certain level of difficulty incentivizing players to "experiment more with character builds and weapon load-outs".[19] When asked about his style of storytelling, Miyazaki stated that despite what people believe, he doesn't dislike direct storytelling, but instead prefers players to interpret the world for themselves, stating that the player gets more value from it when "they themselves find out hints of plot from items or side-characters they encounter in the world".[19]

Works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Parkin, Simon. "Bloodborne creator Hidetaka Miyazaki: ‘I didn’t have a dream. I wasn’t ambitious'". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c Gantayat, Anoop. "Hidetaka Miyazaki Discusses Dark Souls". Retrieved 22 April 2016. 
  3. ^ Duwell, Ron. "Dark Souls’ Hidetaka Miyazaki Promoted to President of From Software". Techno Buffalo. Retrieved 25 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Karmali, Luke. "Dark Souls Director Hidetaka Miyazaki Made President of From Software". IGN. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  5. ^ Silva, Marty (2015-02-05). "Inside the Mind of Bloodborne and Dark Souls' Creator - IGN First". IGN. Retrieved 2015-02-15. 
  6. ^ "新しいハードで新しいゲームを――PS4専用タイトル「Bloodborne(ブラッドボーン)」とはどんなゲームなのか。ディレクター・宮崎英高氏インタビュー". 4Gamer. 2014-06-19. Retrieved 2015-02-16. 
  7. ^ Hussain, Tamoor. "Dark Souls 3 is Directed by Hidetaka Miyazaki". GameSpot. Retrieved 16 July 2015. 
  8. ^ Scammell, David (17 June 2015). "Dark Souls 3 is being developed by a different team to Bloodborne". VideoGamer.com. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  9. ^ Hillier, Brenna (April 27, 2016). "Dark Souls 3 director already working on a new IP". VG247. Retrieved April 27, 2016. 
  10. ^ Hussain, Tamoor. "Dark Souls 3 Interview: "It Wouldn’t Be Right to Continue Creating Souls"". GameSpot. Retrieved March 26, 2016. 
  11. ^ Parkin, Simon. "Bloodborne creator Hidetaka Miyazaki: ‘I didn’t have a dream. I wasn’t ambitious'". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  12. ^ a b "Dark Souls' grand vision". Edge. Archived from the original on 4 February 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  13. ^ Nunneley, Stephany. "Dark Souls online play to bring back the feeling of old Dragon Quest games". VG247. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c d Mielke, James. "'Dark Souls' Creator Miyazaki on 'Zelda,' Sequels and Starting Out". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 6 October 2016. 
  15. ^ Cook, Dave. "From King’s Field to Bloodborne: the lineage of Dark Souls". VG247. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  16. ^ "Dark Souls Design Works Translation: Weapons and Equipment Part 1/2". Giant Bomb. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  17. ^ "[Bloodborne] Exclusive Interview with Jun Yoshino!". playstation.com. 
  18. ^ Hussain, Tamoor. "Dark Souls 3 Interview: "It Wouldn’t Be Right to Continue Creating Souls"". GameSpot. Retrieved 20 November 2015. 
  19. ^ a b c Kamen, Matt. "Dark Souls 3 director: it's about 'accomplishment by overcoming tremendous odds'". Wired. Retrieved 22 April 2016. 
  20. ^ McMullan, Thomas. "From Dark Souls to Manifold Garden: How games tell stories through architecture". Alphr. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  21. ^ Stanton, Rich. "The Real Dark Souls Starts Here: 13 Real-Life Inspirations for Lordran". IGN. Retrieved 1 August 2016.