Hienghène

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Hienghène
"La Poule" (the hen) cliff in Hienghène
"La Poule" (the hen) cliff in Hienghène
Location of the commune (in red) within New Caledonia
Location of the commune (in red) within New Caledonia
Location of Hienghène
Coordinates: 20°41′39″S 164°55′20″E / 20.6941°S 164.9222°E / -20.6941; 164.9222Coordinates: 20°41′39″S 164°55′20″E / 20.6941°S 164.9222°E / -20.6941; 164.9222
CountryFrance
Sui generis collectivityNew Caledonia
ProvinceNorth Province
Government
 • MayorDaniel Goa
Area
1
1,068.8 km2 (412.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2019 census)
2,454
 • Density2.3/km2 (5.9/sq mi)
Ethnic distribution
 • 2014 censusKanaks 93.56%
Europeans 3.06%
Wallisians and Futunans 0.08%
Mixed 1.49%
Other 1.81%
Time zoneUTC+11:00
INSEE/Postal code
98807 /98815
Elevation0–1,628 m (0–5,341 ft)
(avg. 20 m or 66 ft)
1 New Caledonia Land Register (DITTT) data, which exclude lakes and ponds larger than 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) as well as the estuaries of rivers.

Hienghène ([jəŋ.ɡɛːn];[1][2] Fwâi: Hyehen) is a commune in the North Province of New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean. It is located on a bay called Hienghène Bay, known for its eroded limestone islets.[3]

The islets are remnants of a limestone and silica formation that once covered the whole of the bay, some 40 million years ago.[3] Erosion from wind and water carved away the softer limestone, leaving the harder silica behind in eye-catching formations. Several of these formations have been given fanciful names, such as the Sphinx, the Towers of Notre Dame, and the Hen (pictured).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wallis, Mary Davis (25 June 1994). "The Fiji and New Caledonia Journals of Mary Wallis, 1851-1853". editorips@usp.ac.fj – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Stanley, David (3 December 2004). Moon Handbooks South Pacific. David Stanley. p. 858 – via Internet Archive. Hienghène pronunciation.
  3. ^ a b c Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 179. ISBN 0-89577-087-3.