Hiệp Hòa

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Hiệp Hòa
Emperor of Đại Nam
Emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty
Reign July–November 1883
Predecessor Emperor Dục Đức
Successor Emperor Kiến Phúc
Born 1 November 1847
Died 29 November 1883(1883-11-29) (aged 36)
Full name
Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Dật (阮福洪佚)
Nguyễn Phúc Thăng (阮福昇)
Posthumous name
Văn Lãng Quận Vương
Prince of Văn Lãng
House Nguyễn Dynasty
Father Emperor Thiệu Trị
Mother Concubine Trương Thị Thuận

Hiệp Hòa, also known as Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Dật, was the sixth emperor of the Vietnamese Nguyễn Dynasty and reigned for four months (30 July 1883 – 29 November 1883).

Hiệp Hòa
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese Hiệp Hòa
Birth name
Vietnamese alphabet Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Dật

Hiệp Hòa was the 29th son of Emperor Thiệu Trị.[1] After his nephew Dục Đức was deposed by court officials following a three-day reign in 1883 he reasserted the family's claim on the throne. However he presided over his nation's defeat by the French navy at the Battle of Thuận An in August 1883, and on 25 August 1883 he signed a treaty which made Vietnam a protectorate of France, ending Vietnam's independence. For this, he was deposed and forced by officials to commit suicide.[2][3]


  1. ^ (in Vietnamese) Nguyễn Phúc tộc Thế phả. Huế: Thuận Hóa Publishing House. 1995. p. 366. 
  2. ^ Chapuis, Oscar (2000). The last emperors of Vietnam : from Tu Duc to Bao Dai. Westport, Conn., USA: Greenwood Press. pp. 16–17. ISBN 978-0-313-31170-3. OCLC 231866735. 
  3. ^ Corfield, Justin J. (2008). The history of Vietnam. Westport, Conn., USA: Greenwood Press. pp. xvii, 22–23. ISBN 978-0-313-34193-9. OCLC 182857138. 
Preceded by
Dục Đức
Nguyễn Dynasty
Succeeded by
Kiến Phúc