Hierochloe

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sweetgrass
Hierochloe odorata kz.jpg
Hierochloe odorata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Genus: Hierochloe
R.Br.
Synonyms[2]

Hierochloe is a genus of plants in the grass family known generally as sweetgrass.[3] These are perennial rhizomatous grasses found primarily in temperate and subarctic regions of Eurasia and North America, although some species extend southwards into Australia and Latin America.[2][4]

These erect green grasses are known for their sweet scent. They bear panicle inflorescences with rounded grass grain fruits.[5]

Some authors advocate merging the two genera Hierochloe and Anthoxanthum, though others disagree.[6][7][8]

Species[2]
  1. Hierochloe alpina - Russia, Scandinavia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Manchuria, Korea, Japan, Canada, Greenland, Alaska, northern United States (ME NH VT NY MN)
  2. Hierochloe australis - northern + central Europe
  3. Hierochloe brunonis - New Zealand (South I + Antipodean Is)
  4. Hierochloe cuprea - New Zealand (South I + North I)
  5. Hierochloe davidsei - Colombia, Venezuela, Costa Rica
  6. Hierochloe equiseta - New Zealand South I)
  7. Hierochloe flexuosa - Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Arunachal Pradesh
  8. Hierochloe fraseri - Tasmania
  9. Hierochloe fusca - New Zealand (South I + North I, Chatham Is, Antipodean Is)
  10. Hierochloe glabra - China incl Tibet; Korea, Japan, Mongolia, Asiatic Russia, Kazakhstan
  11. Hierochloe gunckelii - Chile, Argentina
  12. Hierochloe helenae - Primorye
  13. Hierochloe juncifolia - Chile, Argentina
  14. Hierochloe khasiana - Assam
  15. Hierochloe laxa - Afghanistan, northern Pakistan, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Nepal, Gansu, Sichuan
  16. Hierochloe mexicana - Mexico, Guatemala, Venezuela
  17. Hierochloe novae-zelandiae - New Zealand (South I + North I)
  18. Hierochloe occidentalis - Washington, Oregon, California
  19. Hierochloe odorata - Eurasia, North America
  20. Hierochloe pauciflora - Russia, Canada, Alaska
  21. Hierochloe pluriflora - Japan
  22. Hierochloe potaninii - Gansu, Sichuan
  23. Hierochloe pusilla - Chile, Argentina
  24. Hierochloe quebrada - Peru
  25. Hierochloe rariflora - Australia
  26. Hierochloe recurvata - New Zealand (South I + North I)
  27. Hierochloe redolens - Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, South America, Falkland Is
  28. Hierochloe repens - Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Belarus, Bulgaria, Romania, Czech Rep, Hungary, Austria
  29. Hierochloe spicata - southern Chile
  30. Hierochloe submutica - Australia
  31. Hierochloe tibetica - Tibet
  32. Hierochloe utriculata - Chile, Argentina
  33. Hierochloe wendelboi - Pakistan
  34. Hierochloe × zinserlingii - Ural Mountains of Russia
formerly included[2]

numerous species now regarded as better suited to other genera: Anthoxanthum Centotheca Holcus

References[edit]

External links[edit]