|Died||21 February 1554
Hieronymus Bock (Latinised Tragus) (1498 – February 21, 1554) was a German botanist, physician, and Lutheran minister who began the transition from medieval botany to the modern scientific worldview by arranging plants by their relation or resemblance.
The details of his life are unclear. In 1519 he inscribed at the university of Heidelberg. He married Eva Victor in 1523, and was schoolteacher in Zweibrücken for nine years. He became the prince's physician and caretaker of the kitchen garden of the count palatine and in 1533 received a life-time position as a Lutheran minister in nearby Hornbach where he stayed up to his death in 1554.
The first edition of his Kreutterbuch (literally "plant book") appeared in 1539 unillustrated; his stated objectives were to describe German plants, including their names, characteristics, and medical uses. Instead of following Dioscorides as was traditional, he developed his own system to classify 700 plants. Bock apparently traveled widely through the German region observing the plants for himself, since he includes ecological and distributional observations.
In the wine world, Bock is noted for having the first documented use of the modern word Riesling in 1552 when it was mentioned in his Latin herbal. Bock's description of oak apples is noted in the entomologists data base.
- New Kreuterbuch von Underscheidt, Würckung und Namen der Kreuter, so in teutschen Landen wachsen . Straßburg, 1546 Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
- Brian W. Ogilvie (15 September 2008). The Science of Describing: Natural History in Renaissance Europe. University of Chicago Press. pp. 36–. ISBN 978-0-226-62086-2.
- Oz Clarke The Encyclopedia of Grapes Websters International Publishers 2001, pg 192 ISBN 0-15-100714-4
- "Groll, E. K. Biografien der Entomologen der Welt : Datenbank".
- "Author Query for 'H.Bock'". International Plant Names Index.
- Adolf Engler (1875), "Bock, Hieronymus", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German) 2, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, p. 766
- Hermann Ziegenspeck (1955), "Bock (Tragus), Hieronymus", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German) 2, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 343
- Duane Isely, One hundred and one botanists (Iowa State University Press, 1994), pp. 23–25
- Hoffmann, D., Laitko, H.and Müller-Wille, S. (Hrsg.); Jahn, Ilse 2003: Lexikon der bedeutenden Naturwissenschaftler. In drei Bänden. - Heidelberg, Berlin - Spektrum Akademischer Verlag 1 (A-E) : 1-497, zahlr. Fig.