List of paraphilias

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Paraphilias are sexual interests in objects, situations, or individuals that are atypical. The American Psychiatric Association, in its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition, draws a distinction between paraphilias (which it describes as atypical sexual interests) and paraphilic disorders (which additionally require the experience of distress or impairment in functioning).[1][2] Some paraphilias have more than one term to describe them, and some terms overlap with others. Paraphilias without DSM codes listed come under DSM 302.9, "Paraphilia NOS (Not Otherwise Specified)".

In his 2009 book, Anil Aggrawal compiled a list of 547 terms describing paraphilic sexual interests. He cautioned, however, that "not all these paraphilias have necessarily been seen in clinical setups. This may not be because they do not exist, but because they are so innocuous they are never brought to the notice of clinicians or dismissed by them. Like allergies, sexual arousal may occur from anything under the sun, including the sun."


Paraphilia Focus of erotic interest
Abasiophilia People with impaired mobility[3]
Acrotomophilia People with amputations[4][5]
Agalmatophilia Statues, mannequins and immobility[6]
Algolagnia Pain, particularly involving an erogenous zone; differs from masochism as there is a biologically different interpretation of the sensation rather than a subjective interpretation[7]
Andromimetophilia Trans men[3][8]
Anililagnia Attraction by young men to older women[9]
Anthropophagolagnia Raping and then cannibalizing another person.[10]
Anthropophagy Ingesting human flesh[10]
Apotemnophilia Being an amputee[4][11]
Asphyxiophilia Being asphyxiated or strangled[4]
Attraction to disability People with one or more physical disabilities.[12]
Autagonistophilia Being on stage or on camera[13][14]
Autassassinophilia Being in life-threatening situations[4]
Autoandrophilia An AFAB (assigned female at birth) female imagining herself as a male[15][16]
Autoerotic asphyxiation Self-induced asphyxiation, sometimes to the point of near unconsciousness[14]
Autogynephilia An AMAB (assigned male at birth) male imagining himself as a female[17]
Auto-haemofetishism Bleeding oneself (does not involve ingestion of blood). Type of autovampirism.[18]
Autonepiophilia The image of one's self in the form of an infant.[13]
Autopedophilia The image of one's self in the form of a child.[19]
Autoplushophilia The image of one's self in the form of a plush or anthropomorphized animal.[19]
Autovampirism The image of one's self in the form of a vampire.[20] Involves ingesting or seeing one's own blood.[18]
Autozoophilia The image of one's self in the form of an animal or anthropomorphized animal.[19]
Biastophilia Raping a person.[4]
Chremastistophilia Being robbed or held up[13]
Chronophilia Partners of a widely differing chronological age[13]
Coprophilia Feces; also known as scat, scatophilia or fecophilia[2][21]
Dacryphilia Tears or crying[22]
Diaper fetishism Diapers; considerable overlap with paraphilic infantilism[23]
Dendrophilia Trees[4]
Emetophilia Vomit[3]
Eproctophilia Flatulence[24]
Erotic asphyxiation Asphyxia of oneself or others[25]
Erotophonophilia Murder, often of strangers (also known as dacnolagnomania).[10]
Exhibitionism Exposing one's genitals to unsuspecting and nonconsenting others[2]
Feederism Eating, feeding, and weight gain.[26]
Formicophilia Being crawled on by bugs[13][27]
Forniphilia Turning a human being into a piece of furniture[28]
Frotteurism Rubbing against a non-consenting person[2]
Gerontophilia Elderly people[29]
Gynandromorphophilia Transsexual or transgender women[3][30]
Gynemimetophilia Transsexual or transgender women[3][30]
Hematolagnia Drinking or looking at blood[31]
Heterophilia Idealization of heterosexuality and/or people who are "straight-acting," especially by non-heterosexual people.[32][33][34]
Homeovestism Wearing clothing emblematic of one's own sex[35][36]
Hoplophilia Firearms, guns [37]
Hybristophilia Criminals, particularly for cruel or outrageous crimes[13][38]
Infantophilia Pedophilia with a focus on children five years old or younger, a recently suggested term that is not in general use[39]
Kleptophilia Stealing; also known as kleptolagnia[3]
Klismaphilia Enemas, either giving or having[3]
Lactophilia Breast milk[40]
Liquidophilia Immersing genitals in liquids[40]
Macrophilia Giants, giantesses.[40]
Maschalagnia Armpits[41]
Masochism Suffering; being beaten, bound or otherwise humiliated[2]
Mechanophilia Cars or other machines; also "mechaphilia."[42][43][44]
Melolagnia Music[45]
Menophilia Menstruation[40]
Metrophilia Poetry[45]
Microphilia Tiny beings.[citation needed]
Morphophilia Particular body shapes or sizes[14]
Mucophilia Mucus[40]
Mysophilia Dirtiness, soiled or decaying things[3]
Narratophilia Obscene words[3]
Nasophilia Noses[40]
Necrophilia Corpses[2][3][46]
Objectophilia Specific inanimate objects[2]
Oculolinctus Licking the eyeballs[47]
Oculophilia Eyes and activities directly relating to and/or involving the eyes. Voyeurism does not meet classification for this term.
Olfactophilia Smells[3][13]
Paraphilic infantilism Dressing or being treated like a baby, also known as autonepiophilia[13] or "adult baby syndrome";[48] considerable overlap with diaper fetishism[23]
Partialism Specific, non-genital body parts[2][3]
Pedophilia Prepubescent children, also spelled paedophilia; often confused with hebephilia, ephebophilia, and pederasty[2][49]
Peodeiktophilia Exposing one's penis[4]
Pedovestism Dressing like a child[50]
Podophilia Feet[51]
Pictophilia Pornography or erotic art, particularly pictures[3][13]
Piquerism Piercing the flesh of another person, most commonly by stabbing or cutting the body with sharp objects[52]
Plushophilia Stuffed toy animals (Plushies).[53]
Pygophilia Buttocks[54]
Pyrophilia Fire[55]
Raptophilia Committing rape, possibly consensual rape fantasy[13]
Sadism Inflicting pain on others[2]
Salirophilia Soiling or dirtying others[3]
Sexual fetishism Nonliving objects[2]
Somnophilia Sleeping or unconscious people[3][13]
Sophophilia Learning[56]
Sthenolagnia Muscles and displays of strength[40]
Stigmatophilia Body piercings and tattoos[4][40]
Symphorophilia Witnessing or staging disasters such as car accidents[4]
Telephone scatologia Obscene phone calls, particularly to strangers; also known as telephonicophilia[2][13] and scatophilia[57]
Teratophilia Deformed or monstrous people[58]
Toucherism Touching an unsuspecting, non-consenting person with the hand[59]
Toxophilia Archery[45]
Transvestic fetishism Wearing clothes associated with the opposite sex; also known as transvestism[2]
Transvestophilia A transvestite sexual partner[13]
Trichophilia Hair[40]
Troilism Cuckoldism, watching one's partner have sex with someone else, possibly without the third party's knowledge[14][60]
Urolagnia Urination, particularly in public, on others, and/or being urinated on. Also referred to as "water sports"[2][3][13][14]
Vampirism Blood[61][62]
Vorarephilia The idea of one person or creature eating or being eaten by another; usually swallowed whole, in one piece[63]
Voyeurism Watching others while naked or having sex, generally without their knowledge; also known as scopophilia or scoptophilia[2][14]
Zoophilia Animals[2][3][13]
Zoosadism Inflicting pain on or seeing animals in pain[64]

See also[edit]


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