Hiers-Brouage

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Hiers-Brouage
Citadel
Citadel
Coat of arms of Hiers-Brouage
Coat of arms
Location of Hiers-Brouage
Hiers-Brouage is located in France
Hiers-Brouage
Hiers-Brouage
Hiers-Brouage is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Hiers-Brouage
Hiers-Brouage
Coordinates: 45°51′02″N 1°04′28″W / 45.8505°N 1.0744°W / 45.8505; -1.0744Coordinates: 45°51′02″N 1°04′28″W / 45.8505°N 1.0744°W / 45.8505; -1.0744
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentCharente-Maritime
ArrondissementRochefort
CantonMarennes
CommuneMarennes-Hiers-Brouage
Area
1
31.35 km2 (12.10 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
639
 • Density20/km2 (53/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal code
17320
Elevation0–26 m (0–85 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Hiers-Brouage is a former commune in the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France. On 1 January 2019, it was merged into the new commune Marennes-Hiers-Brouage.[2]

History[edit]

Citadel of Brouage - reproduction of a 17th-century scale model

Brouage was founded in 1555 by Jacques de Pons on the Bay of Biscay facing the Atlantic Ocean. Its economy was based on salt and access to the sea. The town was fortified between 1630 and 1640 by Cardinal Richelieu as a Catholic bastion in order to fight against the neighbouring Protestant town of La Rochelle. Gradually the harbour silted up in the last part of the 17th century, leaving the town stranded and useless as a port. It fell into ruin.

The town's most celebrated son is the French navigator Samuel de Champlain, who lived there when young, before being the co-founder of French settlement in Acadia (1604–1607) and Quebec (1608–1635).

In 1825 Brouage was joined to the village of Hiers, 2.5 km (1.6 mi) away, forming the commune of Hiers-Brouage.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793391—    
1800413+5.6%
1806326−21.1%
1821372+14.1%
1831764+105.4%
1836804+5.2%
1841778−3.2%
1846901+15.8%
1851760−15.6%
1856840+10.5%
1861742−11.7%
1866708−4.6%
1872695−1.8%
1876708+1.9%
1881766+8.2%
1886733−4.3%
1891687−6.3%
1896715+4.1%
1901668−6.6%
1906663−0.7%
1911639−3.6%
1921534−16.4%
1926550+3.0%
1931546−0.7%
1936560+2.6%
1946514−8.2%
1954500−2.7%
1962541+8.2%
1968519−4.1%
1975440−15.2%
1982476+8.2%
1990498+4.6%
1999472−5.2%
2008639+35.4%

Sights[edit]

  • The village church dedicated to Saint Peter and Saint Paul built in 1608. Since 1982, several stained glass windows have been installed by Quebec and New Brunswick to commemorate historical figures of New France, including Samuel de Champlain who was living when young in the village.
  • The Samuel de Champlain Museum.
  • The walls of the ramparts of the citadel of Brouage.
  • The Porte royale or King's gate which gave access to the quais.
  • The Saint-Luc powderhouse (poudrière) with four flying-buttresses.
  • The Halle aux vivres or Warehouse built to store goods and supplies for the citadel.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Arrêté préfectoral 27 November 2018 (in French)

External links[edit]