Higashidōri, Aomori

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Higashidōri
東通村
Village
Shiriyazaki Lighthouse & Kandachime horses
Shiriyazaki Lighthouse & Kandachime horses
Flag of Higashidōri
Flag
Official seal of Higashidōri
Seal
Location of Higashidōri in Aomori Prefecture
Location of Higashidōri in Aomori Prefecture
Higashidōri is located in Japan
Higashidōri
Higashidōri
 
Coordinates: 41°16′41″N 141°19′46″E / 41.27806°N 141.32944°E / 41.27806; 141.32944Coordinates: 41°16′41″N 141°19′46″E / 41.27806°N 141.32944°E / 41.27806; 141.32944
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Aomori Prefecture
District Shimokita
Area
 • Total 295.27 km2 (114.00 sq mi)
Population (February 28, 2017)
 • Total 6,725
 • Density 22.8/km2 (59/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City symbols  
 • Tree Japanese yew
 • Flower Iris
 • Bird Slaty-backed gull
Phone number 0175-27-2111
Address 5-34 Isogomata Sawanai,Higashidōri-mura, Shimokita-gun, Aomori-ken 039-4292
Website Official website
Higashidōri Village Office

Higashidōri (東通村 Higashidōri-mura?) is a village located in Shimokita District of northeastern Aomori Prefecture in the Tōhoku region of northern Japan. As of 28 February 2017, the village had an estimated population of 6,725 and a population density of 22.8 persons per km2 in 2822 households.[1] Its total area was 295.27 square kilometres (114.00 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Higashidōri occupies the northeastern coastline of Shimokita Peninsula, facing the Pacific Ocean to the east and Tsugaru Strait to the north, with Cape Shiriyazaki forming a boundary between the two waters. The village has a cold Humid continental climate characterized by cool short summers and long cold winters with heavy snowfall (Köppen climate classification Dfb). The average annual temperature in Higashidōri is 8.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1268 mm with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 21.4 °C, and lowest in January, at around -3.0 °C.[2]

Parts of the village are within the limits of the Shimokita Hantō Quasi-National Park. In the year 2002, the Ministry of the Enviroment classified some tidal flats of the Higashidōri shoreline to be one of the 500 Important Wetlands in Japan and an important wintering place for Brent geese[3]

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Higashidōri has declined over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 10,735
1980 9,975
1990 8,794
2000 7,975
2010 7,253

History[edit]

The area around Higashidōri was inhabited by the Emishi people, with archaeological remains dating to the Jōmon period. During the Edo period, it was controlled by the Nambu clan of Morioka Domain, but was a sparsely populated area with scattered fishing hamlets. During the cadastral reform of 1889, Higashidōri Village was proclaimed from the merger of twelve small hamlets, although the village administrative center was kept within the town hall of neighboring Tanabu Town (now part of the city of Mutsu). In 1988, to celebrate its 100th anniversary as a village, a village hall was finally built within the borders of Higashidōri.

Education[edit]

Higashidōri has one public elementary school and one public middle schools operated by the town government. The village does not have a high school.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Higashidōri was traditionally almost completely dependent on commercial fishing. However, since the 1980s, there has been massive investment from Tōhoku Electric Power Company and Tokyo Electric Power Company towards the construction of the Higashidōri Nuclear Power Plant and related support facilities. In addition, the Iwaya Wind Farm, with a total generation capacity of 32.5 MW, is the largest in Japan.[5][6]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

  • The village has no passenger railway service.

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ official home page.
  2. ^ Higashidōri climate data
  3. ^ "500 Important Wetlands in Japan". No. 63 Northern Shimokita-hanto Nearshore Waters. The Ministry of the Environment, Japan. 2002. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  4. ^ Higashidōri population statistics
  5. ^ http://www.kajima.co.jp/topics/news_notes/vol21/v21a.htm
  6. ^ Eco Power home page

External links[edit]

Media related to Higashidōri, Aomori at Wikimedia Commons