Cover of the first edition
|Author||J. G. Ballard|
|Media type||Print (hardback and paperback)|
|LC Class||PZ4.B1893 Hi PR6052.A46|
|Preceded by||Concrete Island (1974)|
|Followed by||The Unlimited Dream Company (1979)|
High-Rise is a 1975 novel by British writer J. G. Ballard. The story describes the disintegration of a luxury high-rise building as its affluent residents gradually descend into violent chaos. As with Ballard's previous novels Crash (1973) and Concrete Island (1974), High-Rise explores the ways in which modern social and technological landscapes could alter the human psyche in provocative and hitherto unexplored ways. It was adapted into a film of the same name in 2015 by director Ben Wheatley.
Following his divorce, doctor and medical-school lecturer Robert Laing moves into his new apartment on the 25th floor of a recently completed high-rise building on the outskirts of London. This tower block provides its affluent tenants all the conveniences and commodities that modern life has to offer: a supermarket, bank, restaurant, hair salon, swimming pools, a gymnasium, its own school, and high-speed elevators. Its cutting-edge amenities allow the occupants to gradually become uninterested in the outside world, providing them with accommodations and a secure environment.
Laing meets fellow tenants Charlotte Melville, a secretary who lives one floor above him, and Richard Wilder, a documentary film-maker who lives with his family on the building's lower floors. Life in the high-rise begins to degenerate quickly, as minor power failures and petty grievances among neighbours and between rival floors escalate into an orgy of violence. Skirmishes become frequent throughout the building as whole floors of tenants try to claim elevators and hold them for their own. Groups gather to defend their rights to the swimming pools, and party-goers attack "enemy floors" to raid and vandalise them. The lower, middle, and upper floors of the building gradually stratify into distinct groups.
It does not take long for the occupants to ignore social restraints, abandoning life outside the building and devoting their time to the escalation of violence inside; people quit their jobs, and families and stay indoors permanently, losing all sense of time. As the amenities of the high-rise break down and bodies begin to pile up, no one considers leaving or alerting the authorities, instead exploring the newfound urges and desires engendered by the building's disintegration. As Laing navigates the new environment, Wilder sets out to reach floor 40 — the top of the building — and finally confront the building's architect, Anthony Royal.
High-Rise was known to be among Joy Division singer Ian Curtis's favourite books. The book has been cited as an influence upon the 1987 Doctor Who serial Paradise Towers. Hawkwind used the book as the basis for a song of the same name on their 1979 album PXR5.
In a lecture on JG Ballard with John Gray, Will Self represented Withnail and I director Bruce Robinson's interpretation of the story which has "the unconscious, the car park of the building, penetrating the ego in the conquest of the super ego in the top of the building." He then stated that Ballard would have hated that interpretation, with Self preferring instead the interpretation that "Freudian ideas swirl and fail to coalesce," as they are "appropriated by individual mythomanes without actually reflecting an external reality."
The cover of the novel's first edition shows a high rise in Berlin's Hansaviertel designed by the German architect Hans Schwippert.
For over 30 years, British producer Jeremy Thomas had wanted to do a film version of the book. It was nearly made in the late 1970s, with Nicolas Roeg directing from a script by Paul Mayersberg. Later attempts with Canadian film-maker Vincenzo Natali attached to write and direct also failed, before the film adaptation was finally made in 2014.
With Jeremy Thomas producing, Ben Wheatley directing from a script by Amy Jump, and Tom Hiddleston starring in the lead role, the film had its world première at the Toronto International Film Festival on 13 September 2015, and was widely released in early 2016.
- Savage, Jon. "Controlled chaos". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- Newman, Kim (2009). "Doctor Who: Paradise Towers (1987)". The Kim Newman Archive. Archived from the original on 16 December 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- Dowling, Stephen (20 April 2009). "What pop music tells us about JG Ballard". London: BBC News. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- Water Shed – John Gray and Will Self – JG Ballard
- Woerner, Meredith. "Vincenzo Natali's High Rise Is A Beautiful Skyscraper of Doom". Gizmodo. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
- Fear, David. "Toronto 2015: Ben Wheatley on 'High-Rise' and Cult Filmmaking". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
- Woerner, Meredith (5 February 2014). "Tom Hiddleston will star in the movie adaptation of High-Rise!". io9. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- Wiseman, Andreas (29 August 2013). "Ben Wheatley to direct JG Ballard's High-Rise for RPC". Screen Daily. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
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