High-speed railway line

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High-speed lines in Europe

A high-speed railway line is a railway line specially built or updated to allow trains to run at over 200 km/h.

Important considerations are that the minimum curve radius be sufficiently large to allow comfortable and safe operation at elevated speed, and often that the line must be devoid of grade crossings to minimize the chance of impact with roadway vehicles or animals.

Dedicated high-speed rail lines have been built in many countries and are planned for several others as well.

By country[edit]

The following table gives an overview of high speed rail in service or under construction by country. For a complete country overview see the particulair country's list below.

It shows all high speed lines (speed of 200 km/h (120 mph) or over) in service and under construction listed by country. Based on UIC figures (International Union of Railways),[1] it has been updated with other sources.

Rank Country Region In operation
(km)
Under construction
(km)
Total country
(km)
Network density (m/km2) Max. speed (km/h) Electrification Track gauge (mm) Comment
1 China China[2] Asia 22,000[3] 16,155 38,155 2.29 300[4] 25 kV 50 Hz 1435 Max speed of 430 km/h for unconventional Shanghai Maglev[5]
2 Spain Spain Europe 3,100 1,800 4,900 6.13 310 25 kV 50 Hz 1435
3 Germany Germany Europe 3,038 330 3,368 8.51 300 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435 Including upgraded lines
4 Japan Japan Asia 2,765 681 3,446 7.88 320 25 kV 50/60 Hz 1435
5 France France Europe 2,142 651 2,793 3.18 320 25 kV 50 Hz (partially) 1435
6 Sweden Sweden Europe 1,706[6] 0 1,706 3.79 205 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435 Only upgraded lines
7 Turkey Turkey Europe and Asia 1,420 1,506 2,926 1.81 250 25 kV 50 Hz 1435
8 Italy Italy[7][8] Europe 1,350 125 1,475 4.48 300 25 kV 50 Hz, 3 kV DC 1435
9 South Korea South Korea Asia 880 552 1,432 8.78 305 25 kV 60 Hz 1435
10 Russia Russia Europe and Asia 645 770 1,415 0.04 250 3 kV DC 1520 Only upgraded lines
11 Finland Finland Europe 610 0 610 1.8 220 25 kV 50 Hz 1524 Only upgraded lines
12 Austria Austria Europe 352 210 502 3.48 250 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435 Including upgraded lines
13 Taiwan Taiwan Asia 349.5 0 349.5 9.37 300 25 kV 60 Hz 1435 Nangang-Zuoying
14 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Asia 344 256 600 0.77 250 1520 Including upgraded lines
15 Belgium Belgium Europe 209 0 209 5.29 300 25 kV 50 Hz 1435
16 Switzerland Switzerland Europe 137 0 137 1.94 250 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435 world's longest railway tunnel Gotthard Base Tunnel is opened in 2016
17 Netherlands Netherlands Europe 120 0 120 2.87 300 25 kV 50 Hz 1435
18 United Kingdom United Kingdom Europe 108 0 108 5.67 300 25 kV 50 Hz 1435
19 Poland Poland Europe 85 322 417 0.27 200 3 kV DC 1435
20 Norway Norway Europe 64 54 118 0.2 210 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435
21 United States United States America 44.8 840 884.8 0 240 25 kV 60 Hz, 12 kV 60 Hz, 12 kV 25 Hz 1435 Acela Express Acela reach 240 km/hr for 18 mile stretch in RI and 10 in MA.
22 Denmark Denmark Europe 5 60 65 0.12 200 25 kV 50 Hz 1435

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "High Speed lines in the world". Paris, France: International Union of Railways, UIC. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  2. ^ As January 2016
  3. ^ http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2016-09/10/content_26759186.htm
  4. ^ Decision to slow trains met with mixed response, ChinaDaily.com
  5. ^ Include 3,000+ kilometers of mixed passenger & freight line, exclude 30 km of Shanghai Maglev
  6. ^ http://publicpolicy-yhs.wikispaces.com/file/view/HSRtrafficdensity2010.pdf
  7. ^ "Rete Ferroviaria Italiana: Instantanea Sulla Rete". Rfi.it. 2016-12-31. Retrieved 2017-02-16. 
  8. ^ "Brescia high speed line contract signed". Railwaygazette.com. Retrieved 2015-04-17.