List of high-speed railway lines

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This article provides a list of operated high-speed rail networks, listed by country or region.

High-speed rail is public transport by rail at speeds of at least 200 km/h (120 mph) for upgraded track and 250 km/h (160 mph) or faster for new track.[1][2]

Overview[edit]

Countries with high-speed rail

The following table gives an overview of high speed rail in service or under construction by country, ranked by the amount in service. It shows all high speed lines (speed of 200 km/h (120 mph) or over) in service and under construction. The list is based on UIC figures (International Union of Railways),[3][4] updated with other sources.[5]

Rank Country/Region Continent In
operation
(km)
Under
construction
(km)
Total
country
(km)
Network
density
(m/km2)
Max.
speed
(km/h)
Electrification Track
gauge

(mm)
Notes
1 China China[6] Asia 26,869[7] 10,738 37,607[7] 2.8 350[8] [9] 25 kV 50 Hz 1435 Shanghai Maglev: 430 km/h max;[10] exclude 26 km of the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link Hong Kong section
2 Spain Spain Europe 3,200[11] 2,800 6,000[12] 6.13 310 25 kV 50 Hz 1435[13] The longest High-Speed dedicated network in Europe
3 France France Europe 3220.2 125 3345.2[14] 5.84 320[15] 25 kV 50 Hz 1435 Including 726.8 km of upgraded lines
4 Japan Japan Asia 2,764.6[16] 657.1 3421.7[17] 9 320[18] 25 kV 50 Hz,
25 kV 60 Hz
1435[19] The first network ever opened
5 Germany Germany Europe 3038 330 3368[20] 8.51 300 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435 Including upgraded lines
6 Sweden Sweden Europe 1706[21] 12 1718[22] 3.79 205[23] 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435 Only upgraded lines
7 United Kingdom United Kingdom Europe 1377 230 1607[24] 5.67 300[25] 25 kV 50 Hz 1435 Including upgraded lines
8 Italy Italy[26][27] Europe 1191.7 433 1624.7 3.96 300 3 kV DC,
25 kV 50 Hz AC
1435
9 South Korea South Korea Asia 1104.5 376 1480.5 11.03 305[28] 25 kV 60 Hz 1435 Including upgraded lines
10 Turkey Turkey Asia 802 3798[29] 4600[30] 1.02 300 25 kV 50 Hz 1435
11 Russia Russia Europe 845 770 1615[31] 0.04 250[32] 3 kV DC 1520 Only upgraded lines
12 Finland Finland Europe 743.5 95 838.5 2.2 220[33] 25 kV 50 Hz 1524[34] Including Espoo-Salo line under construction
13 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Asia 741 0 741 1.66 250 25 kV 50 Hz 1520 Including upgraded lines
14 Greece Greece Asia 700 0 700 5.3 200[35] 25 kV 50 Hz 1435 In partial operation; to be completed in 2018
15 Portugal Portugal Europe 624 0 624 6.77 220 25 kV 50 Hz 1668 70% of line is high-speed
16 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Asia 453 0 453 3.03 300 25 kV 50 Hz 1435 Opened in September 2018
17 Austria Austria Europe 352 208 560 4.2 250 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435 Including upgraded lines
18 Taiwan Taiwan Asia 345 0 345 9.37 300 25 kV 60 Hz 1435[19]
19 Belgium Belgium Europe 326 0 326 8.25 300 25 kV 50 Hz 1435 Including upgraded lines
20 Morocco Morocco Africa 200 150 350[36] 0.28 320 25 kV 50 Hz 1435 Inaugurated in November 2018
21 Netherlands Netherlands Europe 175 34.9 209.9 4.18 300[37] 1.5 kV DC,
25 kV 50 Hz AC
1435 Hanzelijn is expected to start high-speed services
22 Poland Poland Europe 143 322 465 0.46 200 3 kV DC 1435 Only upgraded lines
23 Switzerland Switzerland Europe 92 23 115 1.94 250 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435
24 Norway Norway Europe 64 81.5 145.5 0.2 210 15 kV 16.7 Hz 1435
25 United States United States America 54.6[38] 232[39][40] 286.6[41] 0.01 240[42] [43] 12 kV 25 Hz,
12 kV 60 Hz,
25 kV 60 Hz
1435 Only upgraded lines
26 Hong Kong Hong Kong Asia 26 0 26 9.44 200 25 kV 50 Hz 1435
27 Denmark Denmark Europe 5 175 180 0.12 200[44] 25 kV 50 Hz 1435

By region. China is listed separately due to high density of its network.

Rank Country/Region Continent In
operation
(km)
Under
construction
(km)
Total
country
(km)
Network
density
(m/km2)
Max.
speed
(km/h)
Electrification Track
gauge

(mm)
Notes
1 China China[6] Asia 26,869[7] 10,738 37,607[7] 2.8 350[8] 25 kV 50 Hz 1435 Shanghai Maglev: 430 km/h max;[10] exclude 26 km of the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link Hong Kong section
2 European Union Europe (including non-EU states) Europe 17802.4 6572.4 24374.8 1.71 320 different 1435; 1520; 1668 Excluding Turkey since it is listed in Asia section
3 European Union European Union Europe 16801.4 5787.9 22589.3 3.66 320 different 1435; 1520; 1668
4 Asia (Pacific region; excluding China) Asia 4214.1[45] [46] [47] 1425.4[48] 5639.5 350 25 kV 50Hz; 25 kV 60Hz 1435
5 Western Asia, Central Asia and Africa Asia; Africa 2196[49] [50] [51] 3948 6144 320 25 kV 50 Hz 1435 Turkey is listed here
6 South Asia Asia 0 508 508 320 25 kV 50 Hz 1435 Mumbai-Ahmedabad Railway
7 United States United States America 54.6[38] 232[39][40] 286.6[41] 0.01 240[42] [43] 12 kV 25 Hz,
12 kV 60 Hz,
25 kV 60 Hz
1435 Only upgraded lines

Austria[edit]

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Western Railway (Austria) Wien Meidling - Attnang-Puchheim 250 km/h December 9, 2012 237 km
New Lower Inn Valley railway Innsbruck Hauptbahnhof - Wörgl Hauptbahnhof 250 km/h December 9, 2012 40 km

Belgium[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
HSL 1 LGV Nord - Bruxelles-Sud 300 km/h December 14, 1997 88 km
HSL 2 Bruxelles-Nord - Liège-Guillemins 300 km/h December 15, 2002 95 km
HSL 3 Liège-Guillemins - Cologne-Aachen 260 km/h June 14, 2009 56 km
HSL 4 Antwerpen-Centraal - HSL Zuid 300 km/h 2009 87 km

China[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Oresund Line Peberholm - Oresund Bridge 200 km/h July 1, 2000 5 km
Copenhagen–Ringsted Line Copenhagen - Ringsted 250 km/h 2019 60 km
Ringsted-Fehmarn Line Ringsted - Fehmarn 200 km/h 2021 115 km

Finland[edit]

New main lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Lahti Main Line Kerava - Lahti 220 km/h 2006 75.7 km
Espoo-Salo Railway Espoo - Salo 300 km/h planned 95 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Upgrade Opening Length
Finnish Coastal Railway Helsinki - Turku 200 km/h 1995 1902 approximately 50 km (high speed section); 195.8 km (total)
Helsinki–Riihimäki Railway Helsinki - Riihimäki 200 km/h 1995 1862 71.4 km
Lahti–Kouvola Railway Lahti - Kouvola 200 km/h 1995 1870 61.4 km
Karelian Railway Kouvola - Joensuu 200 km/h 1995 1894 60 km (high-speed section); 325,8 km (total)
Savo Railway Kouvola - Iisalmi 200 km/h 1995 1902 approximately 15 km (high-speed section); 357,8 km (total)
Riihimäki–Tampere Railway Riihimäki - Tampere 200 km/h 1995 1862-1876 116 km
Seinäjoki-Oulu Railway (Seinäjoki-Kokkola section) Seinäjoki - Kokkola 200 km/h 2000s 1886 134 km
Tampere–Seinäjoki Railway Tampere - Seinäjoki 200 km/h 1995 1880 160 km

France[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
LGV Sud-Est Paris Gare de Lyon - Lyon-Perrache 300 km/h 1981 409 km
LGV Atlantique Paris Gare Montparnasse - Courtalain 300 km/h 1990 130 km
Courtalain - Tours 102 km
Courtalain - Le Mans 52 km
LGV Rhône-Alpes Lyon-Perrache - Saint-Quentin-Fallavier 300 km/h 1992 37 km
Saint-Quentin-Fallavier - Valence 1994 78 km
LGV Nord Gare du Nord - Channel Tunnel 300 km/h 1993 333 km
LGV Interconnexion Est LGV Nord - LGV Sud-Est 300 km/h 1994 57 km
LGV Méditerranée Valence - Les Angles 300 km/h[52] 2001-06-10 127 km
Les Angles - Nîmes 25 km
Les Angles - Marseille 320 km/h[52] 91 km
LGV Est Paris Gare de l'Est - Baudrecourt (Part 1) 320 km/h 2007-06-10 300 km
Baudrecourt - Strasbourg (Part 2) 320 km/h 2016-07-03 107 km
LGV Perpignan–Figueres Perpignan - Figueres 320 km/h 2010-12-19 44.4 km
LGV Rhin-Rhône Eastern branch Collonges - Petit-Croix (Part 1) 320 km/h 2011-12-11 140 km
Dijon - Collonges & Petit-Croix - Mulhouse (Part 2) Suspended (320 km/h ready) (50 km)
LGV Sud Europe Atlantique Tours - Bordeaux 320 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2017-07-02 279 km
LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire Le Mans - Rennes 320 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2017-07-02 182 km
Total 2493,4 km

Dedicated High-Speed line approved[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Contournement Nîmes – Montpellier Nîmes - Montpellier Construction (220 km/h ready) 2018-07-08 80 km
LGV Lyon–Turin 1st part Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne - border (on cross-border section) Construction[53] (220 km/h ready) 2030 (expected) 45 km (in France)
LGV Lyon–Turin 2nd part Lyon - Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne (with 18,8 km upgraded) Approved[54] (220 km/h ready) After 2030 (expected) 130 km
Total 255 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Upgrade Opening Length
(Paris - ) Étampes - Orléans - Vierzon Étampes - Vierzon 200 km/h 1967 1847 143 km [55]
(Paris - ) Étampes - Orléans - Bordeaux Étampes - Bordeaux 220 km/h 1971 1861 380.4 km [55]
(Paris - ) Connerré - Brest Connerré - Brest 220 km/h 1990 1865 29.3 km [55]
Le Mans - Nantes Le Mans - Gare de Nantes 220 km/h 1990 1863 117.4 km [55]
Strasbourg - Mulhouse Strasbourg - Mulhouse 220 km/h 1995 1844 123.1 km [55]
Total 726.8 km

Germany[edit]

Dedicated high-speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Hanover–Berlin high-speed railway Wolfsburg - Berlin 250 km/h 1998-09 258 km
Hanover–Wurzburg high-speed railway Hanover - Wurzburg 280 km/h 1991 327 km
Mannheim–Stuttgart high-speed railway Mannheim - Stuttgart 280 km/h 1991-05-09 99 km
Köln–Frankfurt high-speed rail line Cologne - Frankfurt 300 km/h 2002-08-01 180 km
Nuremberg–Munich high-speed railway Nuremberg - Ingolstadt 300 km/h 2006-05-13 171 km
Erfurt–Leipzig/Halle high-speed railway Erfurt - Leipzig 300 km/h 2015-12-09 123 km
Frankfurt–Mannheim high-speed railway Frankfurt - Mannheim Planned (300 km/h ready) unknown 85 km
Nuremberg–Erfurt high-speed railway Nuremberg - Erfurt 300 km/h 2017 190 km
Hanau-Gelnhausen high-speed railway Hanau - Gelnhausen Planned (300 km/h ready) 2023 (expected) 55 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Upgrade Opening Length
Berlin–Halle railway Berlin - Halle 200 km/h 1992-2006 1841-1859 161.6 km (new line in parallel at Leipzig-Halle section)
Berlin–Hamburg Railway Berlin - Hamburg 230 km/h 1997-2004 1846 284.1 km
Wanne-Eickel – Hamburg railway Wanne-Eickel - Hamburg 200 km/h 1978-1990 1870-1874 355 km
Cologne–Aachen high-speed railway Köln - Aachen 250 km/h 2002 1841 70 km
Cologne–Duisburg railway Köln - Duisburg 200 km/h 1991 1845-1846 64 km
Hanover–Hamburg railway Hanover - Hamburg 200 km/h 1984-1987 1846-1847 181.2 km
Hamm–Minden railway Hamm - Minden 200 km/h 1980 1847 112 km
Hanover–Minden railway Hanover - Minden 200 km/h 1984-1985 1847 64.4 km
Leipzig–Dresden railway Leipzig - Dresden 200 km/h 1994-2014 1837-1839 117 km
Nuremberg–Würzburg Railway Nuremberg - Würzburg 200 km/h 1992-1999 1854-1865 102.2 km
Rhine Railway Mannheim-Karlsruhe Mannheim - Karlsruhe 250 km/h 1987 1840-1855 61 km (upgraded southern section 200 km/h)
Rhine Railway Karlsruhe-Rastatt Karlsruhe - Rastatt Süd 250 km/h 2024 1840-1855 ~30 km (under construction)
Rhine Railway Rastatt-Offenburg Rastatt Süd - Offenburg 250 km/h 2001 1840-1855 ~50 km
Rhine Railway Offenburg-Basel Offenburg - Basel 250 km/h unknown 1840-1855 ~120 km[56]
Mannheim–Frankfurt railway Mannheim - Frankfurt 200 km/h 1985-1999 1869-1879 74.8 km
Frankfurt–Bebra railway Frankfurt - Bebra 200 km/h 1866-1875
Munich–Augsburg railway Munich - Augsburg 230 km/h 1977-2011 1839-1854 61.9 km
Nuremberg–Augsburg railway Nuremberg - Augsburg 200 km/h 1978-1981 1841-1869 36.5 km (high-speed section); 137.1 km (total)

Israel[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway Tel Aviv HaHagana - Jerusalem–Yitzhak Navon 160 km/h (200 km/h by other source) 2018 57 km/h

Italy[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Florence–Rome high-speed railway Florence - Rome 250 km/h 1992 (full length) 254 km
Rome–Naples high-speed railway Rome - Naples 300 km/h 2005 (full length) 205 km
Turin–Milan high-speed railway Turin - Milan 300 km/h 2009 (full length) 125 km
Milan–Bologna high-speed railway Milan - Bologna 300 km/h 2009 215 km
Bologna–Florence high-speed railway Bologna - Florence 300 km/h 2009 78 km
Brescia-Verona Brescia - Verona 300 km/h 2023 (under construction)[57] 48 km
Tortona–Genoa high-speed railway Tortona - Genova 250 km/h 2022 (under construction) 53 km
Brenner Base Tunnel 250 km/h 21 December 2025 56 km
Verona-Brenner 250 km/h 2025 276 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length Notes
Florence-Rome Firenze Santa Maria Novella - Roma Termini 250 km/h 1866; upgraded in 1977 314.8 km Dedicated line in parallel opened in 1992

Japan[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Tokaido Shinkansen Tokyo - Shin-Osaka 285 km/h October 1, 1964 515.4 km
Sanyo Shinkansen Shin-Osaka - Okayama 300 km/h March 15, 1972 553.7 km
Okayama - Hakata March 10, 1975
Tohoku Shinkansen Tokyo - Ueno 110 km/h June 20, 1991 674.9 km
Ueno - Omiya November 15, 1985
Omiya - Utsunomiya 275 km/h June 23, 1982
Utsunomiya - Morioka 320 km/h
Morioka - Hachinohe 260 km/h December 1, 2002
Hachinohe - Shin-Aomori December 4, 2010
Joetsu Shinkansen Omiya - Niigata 240 km/h November 15, 1982 269.5 km
Hokuriku Shinkansen Takasaki - Nagano 260 km/h October 1, 1997 470.6 km
Nagano - Kanazawa March 14, 2015
Kanazawa - Tsuruga construction (260 km/h ready) 2023 (expected)
Tsuruga - Osaka to be approved 2030+ (most likely 2045) five routes proposed, one to be approved
Kyushu Shinkansen Hakata - Shin-Yatsushiro 260 km/h March 12, 2011 256.8 km
Shin-Yatsushiro - Kagoshima-Chuo March 13, 2004
Takeo-Onsen - Nagasaki construction 2022 (expected, likely to be delayed until 2025) 66.7 km
Hakata - Takeo-Onsen on hold 2030+ 90 km
Hokkaido Shinkansen Shin-Aomori - Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto 260 km/h March 26, 2016 360.2 km
Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto - Sapporo construction 2030 (expected)

Maglev lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Chuo Shinkansen Shinagawa - Nagoya 505 km/h (603 km/h record) 2027 (Demostrating operation since 2020) 285.6 km (42.8 km ready as test track)
Chuo Shinkansen (extension) Nagoya - Osaka 505 km/h 2037 152.4 km

Morocco[edit]

Dedicated high-speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
LGV Tanger–Kénitra Tanger - Kénitra 320 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2018 200 km

Upgraded line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
LGV Kénitra–Casablanca Kénitra - Casablanca 160 km/h (220 km/h ready after upgrades) 2020 150 km

Dedicated high-speed lines planned[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
LGV Rabat – Oujda Rabat - Oujda Before 2030 (expected) About 600 km
LGV Casablanca – Agadir Casablanca - Agadir Before 2030 (expected) About 550 km
Total About 1150 km

Netherlands[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
HSL-Zuid Amsterdam Centraal - HSL 4 300 km/h 2009-09-07 125 km
Hanzelijn Lelystad–Zwolle 160 km/h (200 km/h ready) December 2012 50 km

Upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Rhine Railway Amsterdam–Urtrecht 140/160 km/h (200 km/h ready after further electrification upgrades) 2020+ 34.9 km

Norway[edit]

Line Speed Length Construction began Expected start of revenue services
Drammen - Tønsberg 200–250 km/h ≈63 km 1993 2012–≈2025
Eidsvoll - Hamar 200–250 km/h ≈60 km 2012 2015–≈2025
Oslo - Ski 250 km/h 22.5 km 2020 2021

Poland[edit]

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
PKP rail line 4 Włoszczowa - Zawiercie 200 km/h 2014-12-14 58 km[58]
Grodzisk Mazowiecki - Idzikowice 200 km/h 2017-12-10 85 km[58]

Russia[edit]

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Moscow–Saint Petersburg Railway Moscow - Saint Petersburg 250 km/h (5% of tracks), 100-200 km/h (the rest) 2009-12-26 650 km
Riihimäki–Saint Petersburg Railway Riihimäki - Saint Petersburg 220 km/h (Finnish section), 140-200 km/h (Russian section) 2010-12-12 385 km
(190 km in Finland)

South Korea[edit]

Dedicated high-speed lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Gyeongbu HSR SeoulDongdaegu 305 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2004-04-01 286.8 km
DongdaeguBusan 2010-11-01 130.7 km
Honam HSR OsongGwangju Songjeong 305 km/h (350 km/h ready) 2015-04-02 182.3 km
Suseo–Pyeongtaek HSR SuseoJijePyeongtaek Junction 300 km/h 2016-12-09 61.1 km

New main lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Gyeonggang Line SeowonjuGangneung 250 km/h 2017-12-22 120.7 km
Bujeon–Masan Line Bujeon – Chilsan Junction Construction (250 km/h) 2020 (expected) 32.7 km
Seohae Line Wonsi – Hongseong Construction (250 km/h) 2020 (expected) 89.2 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Jeolla Line IksanSuncheon 200 km/h (230 km/h ready) 2011-10-05 145.6 km
Suncheon – Yeosu Expo 230 km/h 34.8 km
Donghae Line Geoncheon InterconnectionPohang 200 km/h 2015-04-02 38.7 km
Geoncheon Interconnection – Taehwagang Upgrading (200 km/h) 2020 (expected) 41.6 km
Jungang Line CheongnyangniSeowonju 230 km/h 2017-12-22 86.4 km
SeowonjuJecheon Upgrading (250 km/h) 2018 (expected) 44.1 km[59]
Jecheon – Dodam 150 km/h (250 km/h ready) 2011-03-31 17.4 km
Dodam – Yeongcheon Upgrading (250 km/h) 2020 (expected) 148.1 km
Yeongcheon – Singyeongju Upgrading (250 km/h) 2020 (expected) 20.4 km

Spain[edit]

Dedicated high-speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Madrid–Seville Madrid Atocha - Seville Santa Justa 300 km/h 1992-04 471.8 km
Madrid–Barcelona Madrid Atocha - Figueres Vilafant 310 km/h (320 km/h ready) 2013 (full length) 621 km
Madrid–Leon Madrid Chamartin - Leon 300 km/h 2007 342.3 km
Córdoba–Málaga
Madrid–Levante Madrid Atocha - Valencia Central 300 km/h 2010-12-19 940 km (total)
LGV Perpignan–Figueres Perpignan - Figueres 310 km/h (320 km/h ready) 2010-12-19 44.4 km

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Upgraded Length Notes
Barcelona-Alicante rail line Barcelona-Sants - Alicante 220 km/h 1997 523 km Only some sections are for high-speed trains. Some of them converted in 1997, additional dedicated in parallel is partially opened in 2018
Madrid-Valencia rail line Madrid-Atocha - Valencia-Nord 220 km/h 1999 301 km Since 2010 not in use for high-speed trains

Sweden[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Bothnia Line Nyland - Umeå 250 km/h (200 km/h ready) 2010 190 km
New Bothnia Line Umeå - Luleå 250 km/h 2020+ 270 km (12 km under construction)

Taiwan[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Taiwan HSR Banqiao - Zuoying 300 km/h 2007-01-05 332.1 km
Taipei - Banqiao ~130 km/h 2007-03-01 7.2 km
Nangang - Taipei ~130 km/h 2016-07-01 9.2 km

Turkey[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Ankara-Istanbul high-speed railway Ankara Central - Sincan 140 km/h To be rebuilt 24 km
Sincan - Polatlı 250 km/h 2009-03-13 69 km
Polatlı - Eskisehir Central 2009-03-13 152 km
Eskisehir Central - Köseköy 2014-07-25 188 km
Köseköy - Gebze 160 km/h 2014-07-25 56 km
Gebze - Pendik 100 km/h 2014-07-25 20 km
Pendik - Haydarpasa Under reconstruction (100 km/h) 2018 (expected) 24 km
Ankara-Konya high-speed railway Polatlı - Konya 250 km/h 2011-08-23 212 km

United Kingdom[edit]

Dedicated High-Speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
High Speed 1 Channel Tunnel - Fawkham Junction (Section 1) 300 km/h 2003-09-28 74 km
Fawkham Junction - St. Pancras (Section 2) 230 km/h 2007-11-14 39 km
High Speed 2 London Euston-Birmingham Curzon Street (Phase 1) 400 km/h 2026 (Under construction[60]) 230 km
Birmingham Curzon Street-Crewe (Phase 2a) 400 km/h 2027 (Planned) 90 km
Crewe - Manchester Piccadilly and Birmingham Curzon Street - Leeds City (Phase 2b) 400 km/h 2033 (Planned) 300 km
Northern Powerhouse Rail Liverpool Lime Street-Hull Paragon, Newcastle and Sheffield Midland 225 km/h 2036 (Planned) 51 km (Manchester-Barnsley section, approximately), >200 km (including upgraded sections)
HS4Air Denham-Ashford International 225 km/h 2020s (proposed as High Speed 1&2 extension) 140 km

Classic Upgraded Line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Electrification Length Notes
East Coast Main Line King's Cross - Edinburgh Waverley 200 km/h 1850 1980s 632 km English section is quad-tracked; Scottish is double tracked and not high-speed. The fastest non-dedicated line in the UK; sometimes restricted 140 mp/h as an exception
Great Western Main Line London Paddington - Bristol Temple Meads 200 km/h 1840 incomplete 192 km
Midland Main Line St Pancras International - Sheffield 200 km/h 1870 no 265 km 110 mp/h; 125 mp/h ready
West Coast Main Line London Euston - Glasgow Central 200 km/h[61] 1869 1960s-1970s 642 km Plans to sped-up to 140 mp/h are failed
Cross Country Route York - Bristol Temple Meads 200 km/h 1879 incomplete 50+ km (high-speed) Leeds-York section is high-speed

United States[edit]

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Northeast Corridor Washington Union - Boston South 240 km/h / 150 mph (on short stretches) 2000-12-11 54.6 km / 34 mi

Dedicated high-speed line[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Brightline Miami - Orlando 200 km/h (high-speed railway by European/Asian classification; higher-speed railway by American classification) 2021 (construction started in 2018) 35 km (high-speed section under construction)
XpressWest Las Vegas - Victorville 240 km/h 2022 (construction 2019-2022 as a revised plan) 299 km
California High-Speed Rail (Phase 1) San Francisco - Los Angeles/Anaheim 350 km/h / 220 mph 2029 (planned) 840 km / 522 mi
Texas Central Railway Dallas - Houston 330 km/h 2024 (planned; claimed in 2017) 390 km

Uzbekistan[edit]

Classic upgraded lines[edit]

Line Name Start and end points Max Speed Opening Length
Tashkent–Samarkand high-speed rail line Tashkent - Samarkand 250 km/h Brand launch 2011-10-08 as higher speed rail;
full HSR operated since February 10, 2013
344 km
Samarkand-Qarshi high-speed rail line Samarkand - Qarshi 250 km/h August 22, 2015 141 km
Samarkand-Bukhara high-speed rail line Samarkand - Bukhara 250 km/h August 25, 2016 256 km

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ "General definitions of highspeed". Paris, France: International Union of Railways (UIC). 28 July 2014. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
  2. ^ C. S. Papacostas; Panos D. Prevedouros (2001). Transportation engineering and planning. Pearson College Division. ISBN 978-0-13-081419-7.
  3. ^ "High Speed lines in the world". Paris, France: International Union of Railways, UIC. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
  4. ^ "High speed lines in the World" (PDF). Paris, France: International Union of Railways, UIC. 20 April 2018. Retrieved 2018-06-05.
  5. ^ "Le réseau des lignes de chemin de fer à grande vitesse en Europe" (PDF) (in French). Communauté d'intérêts pour les transports publics, section Vaud. May 2017. Retrieved 2018-06-05 – via citrap-vaud.ch.
  6. ^ a b As January 2018
  7. ^ a b c d "China's Massive High-Speed Rail Network - The Globalist". Theglobalist.com. 7 September 2018. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  8. ^ a b "China Just Relaunched the World's Fastest Train". Fortune.com/. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  9. ^ in 2011-2017 period the limit have been decreased from 350 to 300 and from 250 to at all tracks after train crash
  10. ^ a b Include 3,000+ kilometers of mixed passenger & freight line, exclude 30 km of Shanghai Maglev
  11. ^ https://www.railway-technology.com/features/spain-high-speed-railway/
  12. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High-speed_rail_in_Europe#Spain
  13. ^ connected with classic wide-gauge mainlines by gauge-change tehnology
  14. ^ first European dedicated line
  15. ^ 574.8 km/h record
  16. ^ exclude 42.8 km of Yamanashi test track to start demonstrating operation for tourists in 2020
  17. ^ including Maglev under construction
  18. ^ to be sped-up to 360 km/h in next few years, unconventional lines under construction will be even faster
  19. ^ a b different from classic narrower lines
  20. ^ of which 2,000+ km is for 230+km/h speed
  21. ^ "High-Speed Rail Passenger Traffic Density Statistics" (PDF). Publicpolicy-yhs.wikispaces.com. Retrieved 2017-08-21.
  22. ^ additional 500+ km under planning
  23. ^ 250 km/h ready; 205 km/h are permitted when 200 km/h trains are in delay
  24. ^ diesel power is widely used
  25. ^ 400 km/h under construction. Some lines will be sped-up from 200 to 225 km/h after re-signaling; East Coast Mainline trains are permitted to go at 225 km/h instead of 200 km/h in case of delay
  26. ^ "Rete Ferroviaria Italiana: Instantanea Sulla Rete". Rfi.it. 2016-12-31. Retrieved 2017-02-16.
  27. ^ "Brescia high speed line contract signed". Railwaygazette.com. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
  28. ^ to be sped-up to 360 km/h in next few years
  29. ^ "By 2023, Turkey will invest over USD 46 billion in the railway network". Railwaypro.com. 10 May 2018. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  30. ^ 11,000km of network total under planning
  31. ^ possible extension to China via Kazakhstan would add 2000 km
  32. ^ 400 km/h under construction
  33. ^ 300 km/h under construction
  34. ^ rolling stock is ready to be used at 1520 mm-network abroad
  35. ^ at some stretches, upgrading of others is still going on
  36. ^ 1,500 km total under planning
  37. ^ international services only, local high-speed trains were failed to launch
  38. ^ a b "Northeast Corridor Employee Timetable #5" (PDF). National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak). October 6, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2017 – via National Transportation Safety Board.
  39. ^ a b "High-Speed Rail Authority Selects HNTB to Oversee Next Phase of Construction in the Central Valley" (PDF). Hsr.ca.gov. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  40. ^ a b "160 mph trains will speed from Trenton to New Brunswick by 2020". Nj.com. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  41. ^ a b 1500+ km under planning
  42. ^ a b 200-239 km/h is not high-speed by American classification
  43. ^ a b 260 km/h since 2019
  44. ^ 250 km/h under construction
  45. ^ Taiwan High Speed Rail
  46. ^ Shinkansen
  47. ^ Korea Train Express
  48. ^ High-speed rail in Thailand
  49. ^ Haramain high-speed rail project
  50. ^ High-speed rail in Turkey
  51. ^ High-speed rail in Uzbekistan
  52. ^ a b "Ligne a Grande Vitesse Mediterranee (LN5)" (PDF). Florent.brisou.pagesperso-orange.fr. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
  53. ^ (fr) Daily count of the Franco-Italian tunnel's length digged from French side, on telt-sas.com.
  54. ^ (fr) Decree of 23 August 2013 déclarant d'utilité publique et urgents les travaux nécessaires à la réalisation de l'itinéraire d'accès au tunnel Franco-italien de la liaison ferroviaire Lyon-Turin, on legifrance.gouv.fr.
  55. ^ a b c d e "RAIL21 - Le réseau SNCF". Florent.brisou.pagesperso-orange.fr. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
  56. ^ "Neubaustrecke Karlsruhe – Basel (aktueller Stand) - Karl Brodowskys Blog". karl.brodowsky.com. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  57. ^ "RFI awards EUR 1.6 billion contract under Brescia-Verona HSR project". Railwaypro.com. 12 June 2018. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  58. ^ a b "Wykaz maksymalnych prędkości - składy wagonowe" (PDF). Plk-sa.pl. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  59. ^ "중앙선 원주~제천 복선전철 착공…시속 110㎞→250㎞". News.naver.com. Retrieved 21 August 2017.
  60. ^ "Constructing the HS2 railway". Gov.uk. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  61. ^ tilting trains only