High-Z Supernova Search Team
The High-Z Supernova Search Team was an international cosmology collaboration which used Type Ia supernovae to chart the expansion of the universe. The team was formed in 1994 by Brian P. Schmidt, then a post-doctoral research associate at Harvard University, and Nicholas B. Suntzeff, a staff astronomer at the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) in Chile. The original team first proposed for the research on September 29, 1994 in a proposal called A Pilot Project to Search for Distant Type Ia Supernova to the CTIO Inter-American Observatory. The original team as co-listed on the first observing proposal was: Nicholas Suntzeff (PI); Brian Schmidt (Co-I); (other Co-Is) R. Chris Smith, Robert Schommer, Mark M. Phillips, Mario Hamuy, Roberto Aviles, Jose Maza, Adam Riess, Robert Kirshner, Jason Spiromilio, and Bruno Leibundgut. The original project was awarded four nights of telescope time on the CTIO Victor M. Blanco Telescope on the nights of February 25, 1995, and March 6, 24, and 29, 1995. The pilot project led to the discovery of supernova SN1995Y. In 1995, the HZT elected Brian P. Schmidt of the Mount Stromlo Observatory which is part of the Australian National University to manage the team.
The team expanded to roughly 20 astronomers located in the United States, Europe, Australia, and Chile. They used the Victor M. Blanco telescope to discover Type Ia supernovae out to redshifts of z = 0.9. The discoveries were verified with spectra taken mostly from the telescopes of the Keck Observatory, and the European Southern Observatory.
In a 1998 study led by Adam Riess, the High-Z Team became the first to publish evidence that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating (Riess et al. 1998, AJ, 116, 1009, submitted March 13, 1998, accepted May 1998). The team later spawned Project ESSENCE led by Christopher Stubbs of Harvard University and the Higher-Z Team led by Adam Riess of Johns Hopkins University and Space Telescope Science Institute.
Major International Awards to High-Z Team and Team Members
- 1998: Breakthrough of the Year, Science Magazine
- 2006: Shaw Prize
- 2007: Gruber Prize in Cosmology
- 2011: Nobel Prize in Physics
- 2011: Albert Einstein Medal
- 2015: Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics
- 2015: Wolf Prize in Physics
- Mount Stromlo Observatory and the Australian National University
- Las Campanas Observatory
- Mark M. Phillips (1994–2000)
- Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
- Alejandro Clocchiatti (starting in 1996)
- University of Chile
- Jose Maza (1994–1997)
- European Southern Observatory
- University of Hawaii
- John Tonry (starting in 1996)
- University of California, Berkeley
- Space Telescope Science Institute
- University of Washington
- Harvard University
- University of Notre Dame
- Peter Garnavich
- Stephen Holland (starting 2000)
- "Nobel physics prize honours accelerating Universe find". BBC News. 2011-10-04.