High Beach

Coordinates: 51°39′43″N 0°01′55″E / 51.662°N 0.032°E / 51.662; 0.032
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

High Beach
  • High Beech
Centenary walk
High Beach is located in Essex
High Beach
High Beach
Location within Essex
OS grid referenceTQ4087198174
• London11 mi (18 km) SW
Civil parish
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLoughton
Postcode districtIG10
Dialling code020
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
51°39′43″N 0°01′55″E / 51.662°N 0.032°E / 51.662; 0.032

High Beach (or High Beech) is a village inside Epping Forest in south-west Essex, England. Part of the civil parish of Waltham Abbey, the village is within the Epping Forest District and the ward of Waltham Abbey High Beach, and lies approximately 11 miles (18 km) north-east of Charing Cross.

It is the location of Lippitts Hill and the Metropolitan Police Air Support Unit.[1]


High Beach is in the uplands of Essex, which reach heights of 110 metres (360 ft) above sea level on the western fringes of Epping Forest. Areas of the surrounding forest are also named High Beach or High Beech. However, individual smallholdings of land are given over to residential, agriculture and mixed uses, particularly beside the straight A-road which bisects it.[2] Many of the forest paths are naturally gravel-lined with underlying deposits of Bagshot Sands. It is believed that the name High Beach came from an early description of the localised sand and gravel exposure in this part of the forest.[3]

The Church of the Holy Innocents[edit]

Church of the Holy Innocents

Holy Innocents church is surrounded by forest. It was built in 1873 by Thomas Charles Baring to replace the earlier church (St Paul's) which was located in Church Road around 1 mile away from the present church's location and had fallen into disrepair. The new church was designed by the architect Arthur Blomfield in the Early English style at the cost of £5,500. It was consecrated in 1883 and became the parish church in 1884. The 125 feet (38 m) tower and spire contains 13 hemispherical bells cast at the Whitechapel Bell Foundry.[4][5]

Notable residents[edit]

In July 1837, poet John Clare's deteriorating mental disorder caused him to be admitted to the High Beach private asylum under the guidance of the enlightened Dr Matthew Allen. The poet, after suffering from depression, was invited as a guest to Allen's asylum.[6] Clare spent four years at the asylum before escaping in July 1841.[7] Alfred, Lord Tennyson lived at Beech Hill House from 1837 to 1840. During his short stay he may well have encountered Clare and other inmates. Tennyson was reported by a journalist as being "...delighted with the mad people...the most agreeable and the most reasonable persons he has met with."[5] The lawyer William St Julien Arabin lived at Beech House, later renamed Arabin House. The mixed martial arts pioneer Edward William Barton-Wright lived at The Lodge, High Beech, in 1932.[8]

Culture and community[edit]

The Visitor Centre

Amenities include the church, primary school,[9] horse riding school[10] and three pubs: the Duke of Wellington (now closed), The Kings Oak and The Owl.[11] Owned and managed by the London Borough of Waltham Forest, the Suntrap Forest Education Centre and The Field Studies Council Epping Forest Field Centre offers field studies and other activities to schools and other groups.[12] [n 1] Epping Forest Visitors Centre in Nursery Road is one of three visitor centres in the forest that provide learning, tours, exhibits and recreational facilities.[14]

Kings Oak public house

Sport and forest walks[edit]

In February 1928, an oval cinder circuit to the rear of the Kings Oak public house was the venue for Britain's first motorcycle speedway meeting.[15]

Courses and appropriate tracks for outdoor pursuits include horse riding, mountain biking, orienteering and seasonally there are running events. The 15 miles (24 km) Epping Forest Centenary walking route passes through the locality.[16] The route was established in 1978 to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the passing of the Epping Forest Act 1878.[17] Section 18 of the London Loop, a long distance footpath, can be joined at nearby Sewardstone.

In Mott Street the High Beach Cricket Club play in Division 4 of the Herts & Essex League.[18]


High Beach is part of the civil parish of Waltham Abbey, and the parish council is Waltham Abbey Town Council.

The local authority is Epping Forest District Council. Residents of High Beach fall into the Waltham Abbey High Beach Ward, which also covers Sewardstone and Upshire. Traditionally, the ward has been a Conservative safe seat.

In the late 2000s, there was a strong showing for Green Party - but they failed to accumulate enough votes to win the ward - the support for them has since diminished. In the 2019 Local Elections, the Conservatives won with 60% of the vote.

Transport links[edit]


  • Major roads A104, M25, A121 and the A112 pass through or close by to the locality.


London Transport


  • London bus route 215 serves the A112 Sewardstone Road, approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) away. Arriva route 66 connects into Loughton and runs approximately hourly to the fringes of the village close to the Woodbine pub.[19]

Further reading[edit]

  • Foulds, A. The Quickening Maze. 2009 Jonathan Cape ISBN 0-224-08746-0

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Naturalist and author Fred J Speakman established the Epping Forest Field Studies Centre and later taught at the Suntrap.[13]
  1. ^ "NPAS base reopens at Lippitts Hill".
  2. ^ [1] Ordnance survey website
  3. ^ Essex rock Archived 11 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 9 February 2011
  4. ^ Whitechapel foundry Archived 15 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 31 January 2011
  5. ^ a b History of High Beach church Retrieved 09 March 2016
  6. ^ Dr Matthew Allen Retrieved 15 February 2011
  7. ^ John Clare Retrieved 15 February 2011
  8. ^ London Gazette, 15 Mar 1932.
  9. ^ High Beech primary school Retrieved 22 February 2011
  10. ^ High Beech riding school Retrieved 22 February 2011
  11. ^ The Robin Hood is thought of as in High Beech, but is actually in Loughton.High Beech public houses Retrieved 22 February 2011
  12. ^ The Suntrap Forest Education Centre Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 24 February 2011
  13. ^ p7 Fred Speakman Retrieved 24 February 2011
  14. ^ Epping Forest Visitor Centre Retrieved 24 February 2011
  15. ^ King's Oak speedway Retrieved 7 March 2011
  16. ^ Epping Forest Centenary Walk Retrieved 7 March 2011
  17. ^ Epping Forest Act 1878 p3 Archived 9 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 7 March 2011
  18. ^ High Beach CC Retrieved 3 July 2014
  19. ^ "Bus route 66". Arriva. Retrieved 27 September 2020.