High Cliff State Park

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Coordinates: 44°09′33″N 88°17′22″W / 44.15917°N 88.28944°W / 44.15917; -88.28944
High Cliff State Park
Wisconsin State Park
ConicalMoundHighCliffStateParkWisconsin.jpg
Country  United States
State  Wisconsin
County Calumet
Location Sheridan
 - coordinates 44°09′33″N 88°17′22″W / 44.15917°N 88.28944°W / 44.15917; -88.28944
Area 1,187 acres (480 ha)
Founded 1956
Management Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Location of High Cliff State Park in Wisconsin
Website: High Cliff State Park
High Cliff Mounds
Location Calumet County, Wisconsin, USA
Nearest city Sherwood
Built 500 - 1500 A.D.
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 96001629
Added to NRHP January 25, 1997[1]

High Cliff State Park is a 1,187-acre (480 ha) Wisconsin state park near Sherwood, Wisconsin. It is the only state-owned recreation area located on Lake Winnebago.[2] The park got its name from cliffs of the Niagara Escarpment, a land formation east of the shore of Lake Winnebago that stretches north through northeast Wisconsin, Upper Michigan, and Ontario to Niagara Falls and New York State.[2]

Activities and amenities[edit]

  • Trails: Hiking trails include the .6-mile (0.97 km) limestone-surfaced Indian Mound Trail. The north shoreline of Lake Winnebago can be seen from a 40-foot-tall (12 m) observation tower at the top of the escarpment. Various trails are available for biking, horseback riding, cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, and snowmobiling.[3]
  • The park also offers camping, picnicking, boating, swimming, fishing, and hunting.[3]
  • A statue of Red Bird, the Winnebago (Ho-Chunk) leader, overlooks the northeast end of Lake Winnebago.[4]

Effigy mounds[edit]

The effigy mounds at the top of the escarpment have led to a small part of the park being added to the National Register of Historic Places, listed as High Cliff Mounds.[1] A trail meanders though six long-tailed mounds and several conical mounds.[5] The group originally consisted of a bird and a mound that was most likely a bear.[5] The mounds are consistent with other mound groups found at the peak of the Niagara Escarpment along the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, including the Calumet County Park Group.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ a b "High Cliff State Park". Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. July 19, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "High Cliff State Park: Activities and recreation". Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. July 19, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2013. 
  4. ^ Red Bird statue, other views
  5. ^ a b c Birmingham, Robert A.; Eisenberg, Leslie E. (2000). Indian Mounds of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press. pp. page 194. ISBN 0-299-16874-3. Retrieved 2008-09-29. 

External links[edit]