High Cliff State Park
|High Cliff State Park|
|Wisconsin State Park|
|Area||1,187 acres (480 ha)|
|Management||Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources|
|Website: High Cliff State Park|
High Cliff Mounds
|Location||Calumet County, Wisconsin, USA|
|Built||500 - 1500 AD|
|NRHP Reference #||96001629|
|Added to NRHP||January 25, 1997|
High Cliff State Park is a 1,187-acre (480 ha) Wisconsin state park near Sherwood, Wisconsin. It is the only state-owned recreation area located on Lake Winnebago. The park got its name from cliffs of the Niagara Escarpment, a land formation east of the shore of Lake Winnebago that stretches north through northeast Wisconsin, Upper Michigan, and Ontario to Niagara Falls and New York State.
A new Master Plan for the park created in 2013 aims to nearly double the size of the park, to add new amenities, and expand conservation efforts.
Activities and amenities
- Trails: Hiking trails include the .6-mile (0.97 km) limestone-surfaced Indian Mound Trail. The north shoreline of Lake Winnebago can be seen from a 40-foot-tall (12 m) observation tower at the top of the escarpment. Various trails are available for biking, horseback riding, cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, and snowmobiling.
- The park also offers camping, picnicking, boating, swimming, fishing, and hunting.
- A statue of Red Bird, the Winnebago (Ho-Chunk) leader, overlooks the northeast end of Lake Winnebago.
The effigy mounds at the top of the escarpment have led to a small part of the park being added to the National Register of Historic Places, listed as High Cliff Mounds. A trail meanders though six long-tailed mounds and several conical mounds. The group originally consisted of a bird and a mound that was most likely a bear. The mounds are consistent with other mound groups found at the peak of the Niagara Escarpment along the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, including the Calumet County Park Group.
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "High Cliff State Park". Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. July 19, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- Wisconsin DNR. "High Cliff State Park 2013 Master Plan" (PDF).
- "High Cliff State Park: Activities and recreation". Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. July 19, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- Red Bird statue, other views
- Birmingham, Robert A.; Eisenberg, Leslie E. (2000). Indian Mounds of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 194. ISBN 0-299-16874-3. Retrieved 2008-09-29.
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