High Commissioners for Palestine and Transjordan

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High Commissioner of Palestine and Trans-Jordan
Public Seal of High Commissioner of Palestine.svg
Public Seal of the High Commissioner of Palestine
Flag of the of the High Commissioner of Palestine 1948.svg
Flag of the High Commissioner of Palestine
British Generals 1939-1945 E6661.jpg
Alan Cunningham, the
last High Commissioner for Palestine and Transjordan
StyleHis Excellency The Right Honourable
ResidenceJerusalem
AppointerKing/Queen of the United Kingdom
Formation1 July 1920
First holderSir Herbert Louis Samuel
Final holderSir Alan Cunningham
Abolished14 May 1948

The High Commissioner for Palestine was the highest ranking authority representing the United Kingdom in the mandated territories of Palestine and the High Commissioner for Transjordan was the highest ranking authority representing the United Kingdom in Transjordan. These posts were always held simultaneously by a single individual after the High Commissioner for Transjordan was established in 1928.

The British representative to Amman was "responsible to the high commissioner in his role as representative of the mandatory power, but not in his capacity as head of the Palestine administration."[1]

They were based in Jerusalem. The office commenced on 1 July 1920, before the commencement of the Mandate on 29 September 1923, and replaced the British military occupation under the Occupied Enemy Territory Administration, which had operated in Palestine in 1917–1918. The office ceased with the expiration of the Mandate on 15 May 1948.

When the office of High Commissioner was vacant, or the High Commissioner was unable to perform his duties for some reason, a person who was usually the Chief Secretary of the Government of Palestine was appointed to perform the same duties with the same powers.[2]

Government House, Armon Hanatziv neighborhood, Jerusalem
Appointment of Lord Plumer as High Commissioner for Palestine, 1925

List of High Commissioners for Palestine and High Commissioners for Trans-Jordan[edit]

Image Name Term start Term end
Gws samuel 01.jpg Sir Herbert Louis Samuel 1 July 1920 30 June 1925
Sir George Stewart Symes.png Sir George Stewart Symes
(acting)
2 July 1925 25 August 1925
Herbertplumer.jpg Field Marshal Lord Plumer 25 August 1925 31 July 1928
Sir HC Luke.jpg Sir Harry Charles Luke
(acting)
31 July 1928 6 December 1928
John Chancellor portrait.jpg Sir John Chancellor 6 December 1928 2 September 1931[3]
Mark Aitchison Young, 1946 (cropped).jpg Sir Mark Aitchison Young
(acting)
3 September 1931[3] 20 November 1931
Arthur Grenfell Wauchope22.jpg Sir Arthur Grenfell Wauchope 20 November 1931 1 March 1938
Blank.png William Denis Battershill
(acting for multiple periods)
21 June 1937 3 March 1938
Harold MacMichael (cropped).jpg Sir Harold MacMichael 3 March 1938 30 August 1944
Blank.png John Valentine Wistar Shaw
(acting)
30 August 1944 31 October 1944
General the Viscount Gort Vc, Gcb, Cbe, Dso, Mvo, Mc Art.IWMARTLD730.jpg Field Marshal The Viscount Gort 31 October 1944 5 November 1945
Blank.png John Valentine Wistar Shaw
(acting)
5 November 1945 21 November 1945
British Generals 1939-1945 E6661.jpg Sir Alan Cunningham 21 November 1945 14 May 1948

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mary Christina Wilson (28 June 1990). King Abdullah, Britain and the Making of Jordan. Cambridge University Press. pp. 73–. ISBN 978-0-521-39987-6. For example, his desire that Transjordan be totally dissociated from Palestine was accomplished by the fine distinction of making Philby responsible to the high commissioner in his role as representative of the mandatory power, but not in his capacity as head of the Palestine administration. (Privately, London held the reservation that 'the door would not be closed to a possible rapprochement between the two administrations in the future.)
  2. ^ The Palestine Order in Council, 1922, Clause 7.
  3. ^ a b Gazette, 3 September 1931

External links[edit]