High Court Division
|High Court Division of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh|
|বাংলাদেশ সর্বোচ্চ আদালত এর উচ্চ আদালত বিভাগ|
|Location||Ramna, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh|
|Authorized by||Constitution of Bangladesh|
|Chief Justice of Bangladesh|
|Currently||Syed Mahmud Hossain|
|Since||3 February 2018|
The High Court Division (Bengali: হাইকোর্ট ডিভিশন) popularly identified as 'High Court' is one of the two wings of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, the other wing being the Appellate Division. It consists of the Chief Justice of Bangladesh and the Judges of the High Court Division.
The High Court Division exercises both original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters. The prime jurisdiction of it is the Writ Jurisdiction, pursuant to which it is empowered under article 102 of the Constitution of Bangladesh to issue writ of certiorari, mandamus, quo warranto, prohibition and habeas corpus.
Dhaka High Court (1947 - 1955)
The High Court of judicature for East Bengal commonly known as the Dhaka High Court was established in 1947 under Pakistan (Provisional Constitutional) Order 1947 as a separate High Court with all Appellate, Civil and Original jurisdictions.
East Pakistan High Court (1955 - 1971)
In 1955 the Dhaka High Court became the High Court of East Pakistan and the Supreme Court of Pakistan was established as the apex Court with the appellate jurisdiction to hear the decisions of the High Courts established in the East and West Pakistan.
Until 1967 the High Court was held in the building that now known as the Old High Court Building on Kazi Nazrul Islam Avenue, opposite the curzon hall, Dhaka. With the construction of a larger facility in the 1960s nearby that now houses the Supreme Court of Bangladesh and Attorney General's office, the High Court was shifted from Old House on 10 July 1967.
Chief Justices (1947 - 1971)
- Justice Abu Saleh Muhammad Akram (1947 - 1950)
- Justice Muhammad Shahabuddin (1950-1953)
- Justice Amiruddin Ahmad (1954-1956)
- Justice Amin Ahmed (1956 - 1959)
- Justice M. A. Ispahani (1959-1962)
- Justice Imam Hossain Choudhury (1962-1964)
- Justice Syed Mahbub Murshed (1964-1967)
- Justice Badruddin Ahmed Siddiky (1967-1971)
Division of the Supreme Court (1971 - present)
In 1971 East Pakistan became independent Republic of Bangladesh. On 9 January 1972 Bangladesh enacted the Supreme Court of Judicature Act to regularize the judicial system. The Act declared that the Supreme Court of Bangladesh consisted of the Appellate Division and the High Court Division. The High Court Division replaced the Dhaka High Court and Supreme Court of Pakistan was preceded by the Appellate Division.
The High Court Division can hear a case or suit as Court of first instance.
Any law may confer appellate jurisdiction on any matter. For example, CrPC and CPC have conferred on the HCD appellate jurisdiction.
Superintendence and Control over Subordinaten Courts
Transfer of cases from subordinate Courts
Sitting Permanent Judges of the High Court Division
As on June 2021 the list of permanent judges are as follows;
- Madame Justice Salma Masud Chowdhury
- Justice Muhammad Abdul Hafiz
- Justice Dr. Syed Refaat Ahmed
- Justice Miftah Uddin Choudhury
- Justice A. K. M. Asaduzzaman
- Justice Md. Ashfaqul Islam
- Justice Zubayer Rahman Chowdhury
- Justice Md. Emdadul Huq
- Justice Md. Rais Uddin
- Justice Md. Emdadul Haque Azad
- Justice Md. Ataur Rahman Khan
- Justice Syed Md. Ziaul Karim
- Justice Md. Rezaul Haque
- Justice Sheikh Abdul Awal
- Justice S. M. Emdadul Hoque
- Justice Mamnoon Rahman
- Madame Justice Farah Mahbub
- Justice A. K. M. Abdul Hakim
- Justice Borhanuddin
- Justice M Enayetur Rahim
- Madame Justice Naima Haydar
- Justice Md. Rezaul Hasan
- Justice F. R. M. Nazmul Ahsan
- Madame Justice Krishna Debnath
- Justice A. N. M. Bashir Ullah
- Justice Abdur Rob
- Justice Dr. Quazi Reza-Ul Hoque
- Justice Md. Abu Zafor Siddique
- Justice A. K. M. Zahirul Hoque
- Justice Jahangir Hossain
- Justice Sheikh Md. Zakir Hossain
- Justice Md. Habibul Gani
- Justice Gobinda Chandra Tagore
- Justice Sheikh Hassan Arif
- Justice J. B. M. Hassan
- Justice Md. Ruhul Quddus
- Justice Md. Khasruzzaman
- Justice Farid Ahmed
- Justice Md. Nazrul Islam Talukder
- Justice M Akram Hossain Chowdhury 
- Justice M Ashraful Kamal
- Justice K. M. Kamrul Kader
- Justice Mohammad Mujibur Rahman Miah
- Justice Mostofa Zaman Islam
- Justice Mohammadullah
- Justice Mohammad Khurshid Alam Sarker
- Justice A K M Shahidul Haque
- Justice Shahidul Karim
- Justice Mohammad Jahangir Hossain
- Justice Abu Taher Mohammad Saifur Rahman
- Justice Ashish Ranjan Daash
- Justice Mahmudul Haque
- Justice Badruzzaman Badol
- Justice Zafar Ahmed
- Justice Kazi Md. Ejarul Haque Akondo
- Justice Md. Shahinur Islam
- Madame Justice Kashefa Hussain
- Justice S.M. Mozibur Rahman
- Justice Amir Hossain
- Justice Khizir Ahmed Choudhury
- Justice Razik Al-Jalil
- Justice Bhishmadev Chakrabortty
- Justice Md. Iqbal Kabir
- Justice Md. Salim
- Justice Md. Sohrowardi
- Justice Md. Abu Ahmed Jamadar
- Justice A.S.M Abdul Mobin
- Justice Md Mostafizur Rahman
- Madam Justice Fatema Najib
- Justice Md. Kamrul Hossain Molla
- Justice SM Kuddus Zaman
- Justice Md. Atowar Rahman
- Justice Khizir Hayat
- Justice Shashanka Shekhar Sarkar
- Justice Mohammad Ali
- Justice Mohi Uddin Shamim
- Justice Md. Riaz Uddin Khan
- Justice M Khairul Alam
- Justice S.M Moniruzzaman
- Justice Ahmed Sohel
- Justice Sardar Mohammad Rashed Jahangir
- Justice Khondaker Diliruzzaman
- Justice KM Hafizul Alam
Sitting Additional Judges of the High Court Division
- Justice Muhammad Mahbub-Ul-Islam
- Justice Shahed Nuruddin
- Justice Md Zakir Hossain
- Justice Md Akhtaruzzaman
- Justice Md Mahmud Hasan Talukder
- Justice Kazi Ebadoth Hossain
- Justice KM Zahid Sarwar
- Justce AKM Zahirul Haque
- Madam Justice Kazi Zinat Hoque
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- Government of India Act 1935 as adapted by the Pakistan (Provisional Constitution) Order 1947, S. 219
- High Court of West Pakistan (Establishment) Order, 1955 (G.G.O. XIX of 1955), Art. 3
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