Jammu and Kashmir High Court

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Jammu and Kashmir High Court
जम्मू और कश्मीर उच्च न्यायालय
Seal of Jammu and Kashmir color.png
Established1928 [1]
LocationSrinagar Wing (Summer) and Jammu Wing (Winter)
Composition methodPresidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of respective state.
Authorized byConstitution of India
Appeals toSupreme Court of India
Judge term lengthMandatory retirement at the age of 62
Number of positions17 (13 Permanent Judges and 4 Additional Judges)
Websitewww.jkhighcourt.nic.in
Chief Justice
CurrentlyJustice Gita Mittal
Since11 August 2018

The Jammu and Kashmir High Court is the High Court of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It was established in the year 1928 by letters patent issued by the Maharaja of Jammu Kashmir. The seat of the court shifts between its summer capital Srinagar and winter capital Jammu. The court has a sanctioned judge strength of 17 in which 13 are permanent judges and 4 are additional judges.[2][3] Chapter VII of the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir deals with high court.

In August 2019, a Reorganisation Bill was passed by both houses of the Indian Parliament. The provisions contained in the bill will reorganise the current state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories; Jammu and Kashmir (union territory) and Ladakh. The existing Jammu and Kashmir High Court will continue to be the high court for both union territories.

History[edit]

The High Court of the Jammu Kashmir state was established on the basis of the Order No. 1 issued by the Maharaja on 26 March 1928. The Maharaja appointed Lala Kanwar Sain as the first Chief Justice and Lala Bodh Raj Sawhney and Khan Sahib Aga Syed Hussain as Puisne Judges.[4] The seats of the High Court were at Jammu and Srinagar. On 10 September 1943, letters patent were conferred on the High Court by the Maharaja. Khan Sahib Aga Syed Hussain[5] was the first Muslim Judge of the High Court. He retired as Home and Judicial Minister of Jammu & Kashmir during the Maharaja Rule.[6] In August 2018, the Jammu and Kashmir High Court got its first and second woman judges. Sindhu Sharma who was appointed as a Judge and Justice Gita Mittal who was appointed as the Chief Justice of the J&K High Court[sameer]

The Present Chief Justice[edit]

Justice Gita Mittal was sworn in as the Chief Justice of the Jammu and Kashmir High Court on 11 August 2018.[7]

List of former Chief Justices[edit]

# Chief Justice Term
1 Kanwar Sain 27 April 1928–16 February 1931
2 Birjor Dalal 16 February 1931–24 November 1936
3 Abdul Qayoom 24 November 1936–20 July 1940
4 Rachpal Singh 13 August 1940–6 March 1942
5 Ganga Nath 24 June 1942–23 October 1945
6 S.K. Ghose 29 March 1946–29 March 1948
7 Janki Nath Wazir 30 March 1948–2 December 1967
8 Syed Murtaza Fazl Ali 3 December 1967–1 April 1975
9 Raja Jaswant Singh 2 April 1975–23 January 1976
10 M.R.A. Ansari 23 January 1976–8 November 1977
11 Mian Jalal-ud-Din 15 February 1978–22 February 1980
12 Mufti Baha-ud-Din 7 March 1983–23 August 1983
13 Vazhakkulangarayil Khalid 24 August 1983–24 June 1984
14 Adarsh Sein Anand 11 May 1985–23 October 1989
15 S.S. Kang 24 October 1989–14 May 1993
16 S.C. Mathur 10 October 1993–17 March 1994
17 S. Sagir Ahmed 18 March 1994–22 September 1994
18 M. Ramakrishna 10 October 1994–15 June 1997
19 Bhawani Singh 16 June 1997–21 February 2000
20 B.P. Saraf 21 February 2000–22 August 2001
21 H.K. Sema 12 September 2001–8 April 2002
22 B.C. Patel 16 May 2002–4 March 2003
23 S.N. Jha 4 February 2004–11 October 2005
24 B.A. Khan 25 January 2007–31 March 2007
25 Aftab Alam (judge) 7 June 2007–10 November 2007
26 K.S. Radhakrishnan 7 January 2008–28 August 2008
27 Manmohan Sarin 4 September 2008–19 October 2008
28 Barin Ghosh (judge) 3 January 2009–13 April 2010
29 Dr. Aftab Hussain Saikia 13 April 2010–6 April 2011
30 F. M. Ibrahim Kalifulla 24 February 2011–2 April 2012
31 M. M. Kumar 8 June 2012 – 4 January 2015
32 N. Paul Vasanthakumar 2 February 2015 - 14 March 2017
33 Badar Durrez Ahmed 1 April 2017 - 15 March 2018
34 Ramalingam Sudhakar 16 March 2018 - 11 May 2018
35 Alok Aradhe (acting) 11 May 2018 - 11 August 2018
36 Gita Mittal 11 August 2018 - till date

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". Jkhighcourt.nic.in. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Law Department J&K". jklaw.nic.in. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  3. ^ "History". jkhighcourt.nic.in. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  4. ^ "History". Jkhighcourt.nic.in. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Altaf, Sana (1 December 2011). "Changing times." Newsinsight.net. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  7. ^ Mittal, Gita (11 September 2018). "Justice Gita Mittal Sworn In As The First Woman Chief Justice Of Jammu & Kashmir High Court..." Bar & Bench. Retrieved 11 September 2018.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]