High Halstow NNR

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High Halstow NNR
Site of Special Scientific Interest
Buckland Fleet in Buckland Marshes - geograph.org.uk - 1116642.jpg
Area of Search Kent
Grid reference TQ781763
Interest biological, ornithological[1]
Area 129.7 acres (52.5 ha)
Notification 1951

Coordinates: 51°27′25″N 0°33′43″E / 51.457°N 0.562°E / 51.457; 0.562

High Halstow National Nature Reserve is on the Hoo Peninsula north of Chatham. It is also part of the Northwood Hill Royal Society for the Protection of Birds Reserve (which is 270 hectares of grazing marsh, woodland and farmland). It was declared a National Nature Reserve in 1951.[2]

The reserve and the woodland lies on the hill to the north of the village of High Halstow.

The woodland, is situated on London Clay, comprises large oak trees and hawthorn scrub, with several sycamore trees. English elm was formerly abundant but has largely been killed by Dutch elm disease. The woodland has a diverse flora with over 200 plants recorded, including trees and shrubs.[3] It is also noted for its diversity of butterflies.[4] A number of rare moths have been recorded at the site. The sloe carpet Aleucis distinctata, least carpet Idaea vulpinaria and a colony of the white-letter hairstreak butterfly have been noted on the Reserve. Also 9 species of dragonfly have also been recorded in the reserve.[2] The reserve is also home to a flock of nightingales. Also the UK's largest and most famous colonies of little egrets, they have been nesting at the site since 2000, reaching approximately 93 pairs by 2007. [5]

Entrance to the Reserve

The Reserve may be visited either from (grid ref TR220606) the carpark off Northwood Avenue, to the South-of the woodland. Or from Buckland Farm (the RSPCA Farm and carpark), to west of the woodland. The reserve has a nature trail with attractive sea views and long distance views of the River Medway.

The Saxon Shore Way long distance path passes through the reserve between Cooling and High Halstow.[6]

Smuggling[edit]

The wooded hill has been used by smugglers in the early 18th century. One documented tale was recorderd in 1728. A couple of men from Medway crossed the English Channel in February 1726. The men smuggled over 400lb of tea from Ostend, as well as a few yards of calico and a few silk handkerchiefs on a small ship called 'The Sloweley'. Once they landed on the Kent shore, they hid the goods in the woodland on Northward Hill before later moving it to Chalk church.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.naturalengland.org.uk/ourwork/conservation/designations/nnr/1003887.aspx
  2. ^ a b "Northward Hill (High Halstow NNR)" (PDF). naturalengland.org.uk. 1981. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 9 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "State of Medway Report, Natural Assets and Open Space" (PDF). Medway Council. January 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  4. ^ Pollard, E. and Yates, T.J. Monitoring Butterflies for Ecology and Conservation: The British Butterfly Monitoring Scheme, p. 36, at Google Books
  5. ^ "About Northward Hill". rspb.org.uk. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  6. ^ W, Rolf (29 December 2013). "Saxon Shoreway detour at RSPB Northward Hill". rspb.org.uk. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  7. ^ "THE THAMES ESTUARY AND N KENT". smuggling.co.uk (Smugglers' Britain). Retrieved 16 April 2014.