High Point, North Carolina

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High Point
City of High Point
Official seal of High Point
Furniture and Hosiery Capital of the World, The Point, HP, City of the Future, Hype Point
Location in Guilford County and the state of North Carolina
Location in Guilford County and the state of North Carolina
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountiesGuilford, Davidson, Randolph, Forsyth
 • MayorBernita Sims (D)
 • City95.1 sq mi (205.3 km2)
 • Land94.7 sq mi (204.2 km2)
 • Water0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
1,007 ft (286 m)
 • City106,586
 • Urban
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s)336
FIPS code37-31400Template:GR
GNIS feature ID0986755Template:GR

High Point is a city located in the Piedmont Triad region of the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of 2010 the city had a total population of 104,371, according to the US Census Bureau. High Point is currently the eighth-largest municipality in North Carolina.

High Point is known for its furniture, textiles, and bus manufacturing. The city is sometimes referred to as the "Furniture Capital of the World" although its official slogan is "North Carolina's International City" due to the semi-annual High Point Market that attracts 100,000 exhibitors and buyers from around the world. The area code is 336.

It is home to three universities: High Point University, a private Methodist-affiliated institution founded in 1924, and South University as well as Laurel University, a private interdenominational Christian university.

Most of the city is located in Guilford County, with portions spilling into neighboring Randolph, Davidson, and Forsyth counties. High Point is North Carolina's only city that extends into four counties.


Queen Anne Ecker House of 1908 in High Point

Among the first Europeans to settle Guilford County were Quakers and German immigrants. High Point was located at the highest point of the 1856 North Carolina Railroad between Charlotte and Goldsboro where it intersected the 1852 Great Western Plank Road. Its central location and transportation allowed for the delivery of raw materials like cotton and lumber and processed goods in and out of the city and contributed to its early growth. Settled before 1750, High Point was incorporated in 1859. Before it became a major manufacturing center, the most important industries were tobacco, woodworking and textiles. The first of many High Point furniture factories was opened in 1889.[1]

Established in 1924, High Point University is a liberal arts institution with approximately 4,400 undergraduate and graduate students from 51 countries and 46 states at campuses in High Point and Winston-Salem. It is ranked by U.S. News and World Report 2013 edition of "America's Best Colleges" 1st among comprehensive universities in the South and in the top 100 nationally.[citation needed] The university offers 44 undergraduate majors, 10 graduate-degree programs and one doctorate program. It is accredited by the Commission of Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, and is a member of the NCAA Division I and the Big South Conference.


High Point is the only city in North Carolina that exists within four counties: Davidson, Forsyth, Guilford, and Randolph. It also stands within two major watersheds: The Yadkin-Pee Dee and the Cape Fear. Parts of the city rise above 1,000 feet (300 m), making it among the highest cities in North Carolina's Piedmont.

High Point is located at 35°58′14″N 79°59′51″W / 35.97056°N 79.99750°W / 35.97056; -79.99750.Template:GR

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 50.6 square miles (131.3 km²), of which, 49.0 square miles (127.0 km²) of it is land and 1.6 square miles (4.2 km²) of it (3.24%) is water.


The climate in High Point is humid subtropical, with four seasons. Summers tend to be hot and humid, with the dewpoints rising to low and mid 70s during July and August. Fall and spring are mild. Winters are cold at night and mild during the day, but only a few days every winter does the temperature drop below -4 °C. Rainfall patterns are generally spread evenly throughout the year, with between seven and eleven wet days per month. Snowfall is unpredictable, with some winters experiencing little or no measureable snow and others characterized by occasional ice storms with small accumulations of snow and ice. January lows average -1 °C (30 °F) and highs average 10 °C (50 °F). July lows average 19 °C (67 °F) and highs average 32 °C (89 °F) although during heat waves, summer highs can cross 40 °C (104 °F). The lowest temperature ever officially recorded for the city was -22 °C (-7 °F), and the highest temperature ever recorded was 41 °C (106 °F). High Point has a humid subtropical climate, though being located between the mountains and the ocean it experiences less temperature fluctuation than other areas.

High Point was one of several communities impacted by a March 2010 Carolinas tornado outbreak. The twister reached its most powerful EF3 classification as it crossed the northern suburbs of the city.

In 1989, High Point sustained minor wind damage from Hurricane Hugo as it raced through the western Piedmont Plateau of North Carolina after making landfall 5 hours away in Charleston, South Carolina.

Climate data for High Point, North Carolina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 51.0
Average low °F (°C) 30.5
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.6
Average snowfall inches (cm) 2.0
Average precipitation days 10 9 10 10 10 10 11 10 8 7 8 9 111
Source: [2]


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Census Bureau[3]

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there were 85,839 people, 33,519 households, and 22,523 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,750.1 people per square mile (675.7/km²). There were 35,952 housing units at an average density of 733.0 per square mile (283.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 54.56% White, 34.77% African American, 0.46% Native American, 4.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.27% from other races, and 1.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.89% of the population. 12.7% were of American, 8.7% English, 8.3% German and 5.9% Irish ancestry.

There were 33,519 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,137, and the median income for a family was $48,057. Males had a median income of $33,411 versus $25,293 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,303. About 10.5% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.



Once synonymous with furniture, hosiery, and Hatteras yachts, High Point has diversified its economy as a center for distribution and logistics, customer service and banking, manufacturing, photography, and pharmaceuticals. The High Point Market remains a centerpiece to High Point's economy and the city's most recognized industry. The trade show is the largest furnishings industry trade show in the world. Approximately 12,000,000 square feet (1,100,000 m2) of showroom space is used by 2300 exhibitors, in 188 separate buildings.

Evolution of Furniture Industry

High Point was an early center for the development of the furniture industry in the South.[4] Functional furniture had been produced on a small scale since the 17th century by artisans of English ancestry who had settled in NC.[5] As the farming landscape of the South began to change with the end of the Civil War and slavery, cheap labor became available with reconstruction era. The NC furniture industry regained momentum in the late 19th century and developers were attracted to High Point for its location, transportation, and cheap labor. The city was situated ideally in the center of the Piedmont (United States) region with access to vast hardwood forests in central and western NC.[4] High Point, located at the junction of the railroad and a main state road, was an ideal centralized shipping point for the southern market. An agricultural depression of the 1890s drove farm workers from the countryside to the developing towns like High Point looking for industrial jobs.[6]

High Point, North Carolina - Upholstering. Tomlinson Chair Manufacturing Co. Multiple carver machine automatically worked - 18 spindles on the machine - not all visible to camera-man - general view

Factories were needed to produce affordable wooden household furniture for the southern market. The first furniture company, the High Point Furniture Manufacturing Company, was formed in 1889. Subsequently from 1890-1900, thirty eight new furniture factories opened in NC with 13 of those in High Point.[6] The Southern Railway line was formed in 1894 and High Point was shipping 8 fully loaded freight cars of furniture each day by 1898. By the turn of the century, High Point had become the leading furniture center in the south with over forty furniture companies located within the city and the surrounding area.[7] Meanwhile, other manufacturers set up local factories to provide related products like veneers, plate glass, mirrors, paint, and locks to furniture companies.

The large profits in the NC furniture industry lessened with the increasing number of factories. In addition to the increased competition for market shares, by 1910, the salary for competent experienced workers and rising shipping costs cut further into the profit. Bankruptcies resulted from inexperienced managers who tried to sell products below the cost of production and companies that tried to expand too quickly. An innovative High Point company, Tomlinson Chair Co. devised incentives to give its workforce an opportunity to receive part of the profits. The company was one of the first to manufacture quality period reproduction dining and living room furniture on a large scale; an employee who exceeded a monthly quota received a percentage bonus.[6] All workers received a life insurance policy as well.

Marketing became important to the phenomenal rise of the furniture industry in North Carolina in the twentieth century.[8] Store owners had to visit the factory to select their order due to the large size and weight of the furniture. This situation improved at the turn of the century with the mass marketing and sales of North Carolina furniture from the catalogues of Sears Roebuck and Co.[6] At the same time, competitors in large cities like New York and Chicago held a national exposition twice a year to display the manufacturers’ products and to take orders from furniture dealers and buyers.[9] Recognizing the need for a more convenient southern location, High Point furniture manufacturers began planning for an exposition to display and sell their product to the public. The first NC furniture exposition was held in High Point in 1905.[5] In 1921, a brand new Southern Furniture Exhibition Building was built with ten stories and 249,000 square feet at a cost of $2 million. The event that became known as the High Point Market was attended by 700 buyers and generated $2.25 million in sales.[6] High Point had overtaken Chicago as the site of the nation’s most important semi-annual furniture show.[5] Gradually the High Point Market held in April and October has grown into an internationally renowned furniture trade fair for all home furnishings.[10] High Point continues to be the prime location in the US to purchase brand name furniture at a substantial discount.[4]

The furniture industry and developing textile manufacturing set the pace for two 20th century growth booms in High Point.[5] Over the decade of the 1920s, the population grew from 14,302 to 36,745 as $20 million of building permits were issued and $26 million was spent on city improvements. The Great Depression did not seem to affect the southern furniture market which produced trendy and affordable furnishings as much as those in the north that produced traditional, luxurious products. Rebounding by 1935, North Carolina was second only to New York in US furniture production. Meanwhile, the High Point Market continued to set furniture trends and to be a national economic indicator; the $5 billion in sale in 1947 after World War II forecast a postwar boom.[6] The 1950s growth of the furniture market mirrored that of High Point’s second population boom from 39,973 in 1950 to 62,063 in 1960.[5] Throughout the end of the 21st century, North Carolina continued to lead the nation in the production of both upholstered and wooden household furniture. The furniture was slightly styled and inexpensive to meet the needs of all incomes levels, but lost its regional characteristics. Some local artisans still maintained a unique and high quality wooden product. High Point became known as the “the Furniture Capital of the World” in the 1980s during the golden era of NC furniture manufacturing.[8]

The globalization of the 1990s opened free trade and competition from foreign furniture manufacturers.[11] US companies unable to compete, began outsourcing to Latin America and Asia. China became the leading manufacturer by producing furniture of equal quality at a lower price.[8] The majority of furniture companies in North Carolina have continued to close since the 1990s. The furniture makers who have maintained a high quality product made from solid wood continue to maintain a unique niche and are sold in both the US and Asia.

The High Point Museum showcases an exhibit, “High Point’s Furniture Heritage,” which examines the historical relationship between the furniture industry and the people of High Point. The effects of the furniture industry on the growth and prosperity of High Point is outlined. The museum's website links to a list of furniture companies documented to have operated in High Point and the surrounding area since the late 1880s.[12] The Bienenstok Furniture Library located in downtown High Point is the largest furniture specialty library in the world and contains over 4000 furniture and design specific volumes.[13]

High Point Market and Home Furnishing Goods

The High Point Market has been noted for being a significant part of the region's larger furniture "cluster," which was discussed most recently by sociologist Richard Florida[14] and initially by economist Michael Porter.[15] The Market and its effects on the city have also been the focus of an extensive case study by urban sociologist John Joe Schlichtman.[16] In this research, High Point's ability to capture the global furniture merchandising market is said to signal a new era in what is possible for small cities.[17] Along these lines, Schlichtman terms High Point a "Niche City," which is "a city that forges global centrality by creating an economic specialization in a specific segment of the global service economy."[18] In 2005, High Point adopted "North Carolina's International City" as its official slogan, emphasizing the role of international business and especially the High Point Market (formerly called the International Home Furnishings Market), the largest furnishings industry trade fair in the world.

Since 2005, the High Point Market has been receiving increasing competition from the huge World Market Center project in Las Vegas, Nevada, which, if fully built according to its multi-stage plan, is slated to exceed the High Point Market in square footage. In February 2011, speculation developed that Las Vegas World Market Center interests were positioning to purchase a controlling stake in the High Point Market. If this speculation is correct, World Market Center interests would control 64% of the square footage in downtown High Point.[19]

Top employers

According to High Point's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[20] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Bank of America 2,145
2 High Point Regional Health System 2,036
3 Guilford County Schools 1,769
4 City of High Point 1,289
5 Thomas Built Buses 1,248
6 Ralph Lauren 1,222
7 High Point University 1,100
8 Cornerstone Health Care 946
9 TE Connectivity 900
10 Aetna 852


Amtrak's Crescent and Carolinian and Piedmont trains connect High Point (Amtrak station) with the cities of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Richmond, Raleigh, Charlotte, Atlanta, Birmingham and New Orleans. The recently refurbished historic Amtrak station is situated at 100 West High Street.

Interstate 85 runs through southern High Point, southeast of the original interstate roadway, which is now designated Business 85. The new Interstate 74 runs north and east of the city. This section is referred locally as the "East Belt" freeway project, and was completed to I-73/US 220 near Randleman in 2013. It is co-signed with U.S. Highway 311 for most of the route.

The Piedmont Authority for Regional Transportation (PART) also operates in High Point. It is a service that shuttles people in between most of the cities in the northwestern Piedmont region of North Carolina. High Point also provides public transportation. The main service for public transportation in High Point is Hi tran, the local bus service.

Highways passing through High Point include:


High Point University, Roberts Hall

Private schools for the education of children were established in and around High Point as early as the early nineteenth century by Quakers. The New York Yearly Meeting of the Society of Friends, a network of Quakers from that state, started a school in Asheboro in the 1880s for African American students. The school relocated to High Point in 1891 on land east of town on Washington Street. The institution was named the High Point Normal and Industrial School (later William Penn High School), and was administered by the Quakers until 1897. In that year, black educator Alfred J. Griffin accepted the position of principal and led the establishment into a long period of growth.

The High Point public school system was founded in 1897 with the approval of a $10,000 bond, in part to finance the purchase of J. Elwood Cox’s family home on South Main Street for use as the first school building. Twelve school commissioners were appointed to administer the 350-student system of five grades. Growth of the city’s institutions reflected improved primary educational facilities. A school building campaign coupled with additional grades and improved classes resulted in four additional schools for white students: Elm Street School (1905), Park Street School (1910), Fairview School (1910), and Grimes Street School (1911). Many other schools were all born in the 1920s during a period of rapid growth.

This building spree culminated in 1927 with the opening of High Point High School. Among the many high styled school complexes in the state, few surpass High Point’s grand 1927 high school. The campus joined the talents of two designers; Greensboro architect Harry Barton and Charlotte landscape architect Earl S. Draper. The building was matched in 1931 with the addition of Ferndale Middle School just to the east, designed to incorporate details from the high school so that it maintained a campus theme. Both shared athletic facilities on a large tract of land between downtown and Emerywood. In 1962, High Point High School's name was modified to High Point Central High School when an additional high school, T. Wingate Andrews High School, was established in the 1960s.

Several private and independent schools are found in High Point, including High Point Christian Academy (Baptist), High Point Friends School (Quaker), Immaculate Heart of Mary (Catholic), Wesleyan Christian Academy (Wesleyan), and Westchester Country Day School (nonsectarian), and Phoenix Academy, a charter school.

In 1921, the Chamber of Commerce made the establishment of a college in High Point a high priority and initiated a High Point College campaign. The campaign solicited funds in order to attract the attention of the North Carolina Methodist Protestants, who had desired for decades to found a college.

High Point succeeded in attracting the college over rivals Greensboro and Burlington with a gift of 60 acres (24 ha) and $100,000 in pledges from leading citizens. High Point College opened in 1924 (changed to High Point University in 1991) with three buildings at various stages of development. Many of the numerous civic organizations founded in the 1920s pledged funds, including the Rotary, Kiwanis, Civitan, and the American Business Club. The architectural design of the High Point College campus was in keeping with traditional and historical architectural initiatives found at many private colleges and universities across the state in the 1920s. The administration building (Roberts Hall), male and female dormitories (McCulloch Hall and Women’s Hall, respectively), and a central heating plant were all erected between 1922 and 1924 according to designs by Washington, D.C. architect R. E. Mitchell with assistance by High Point architect Herbert Hunter. Today, High Point University is a four-year, coeducational, liberal arts university related to the United Methodist Church. It offers 50 majors in a traditional day format. It also offers non-traditional evening programs, and the graduate studies program offers 10 master's degrees and 1 doctorate degree.

High Point is also the home of Laurel University, as well as one of the nine Shaw University "CAPE" (College of Adult and Professional Education) program centers.[21]

Guilford Technical Community College also maintains a High Point campus.



The High Point Enterprise, established in 1885, is the only daily newspaper published in High Point. HP Magazine is a full color glossy lifestyle magazine that offers stories on food, history, events, the furniture industry, and more. The monthly magazine is the city's largest locally owned publication. Greensboro's News and Record also is available in High Point. Yes! Weekly and the Rhinoceros Times are free weekly papers covering High Point.


Triangle Park, High Point
World's Largest Chest of Drawers
  • Angela Peterson Doll And Miniature Museum: One of the south's largest doll & miniature museums.
  • Bernice Bienenstock Furniture Library: World's largest collection of books on the history of furniture and interior design.[22]
  • High Point City Lake Park: Recreation and amusement park located on the shores of 540-acre (2.2 km2) lake with boating, fishing, paddle boats, picnic areas with shelters, fishing boat and canoe rentals, historic carousel, train, waterslide, largest outdoor swimming pool in the state, miniature golf, gymnasium, playground and excursion boat. Site of annual "Day in the Park" festival each September.
  • High Point Community Theatre: Founded in 1976, High Point Community Theatre (HPCT) presents American musicals, dramas and comedies performed by local actors. HPCT also has an education program, featuring classes, workshops and camps for adults, youth and children.[23]
  • High Point Museum and Historical Park: Museum commemorating the history of High Point, coupled with interpretative exhibit of log Blacksmith Shop and 1786 Haley House.[24]
  • High Point Public Library: A full-service public library contains nearly 400,000 books, music recordings, videotapes, audiobooks, periodicals, newspapers, and a comprehensive collection of books related to history and genealogy.[25]
  • Castle McCulloch Gold Mill: McCulloch Gold Mill was built in 1832 and operated primarily as a gold processing center serving local gold mining operations. Now open as a special events center.[26]
  • Millis Regional Health Education Center: Interactive health education center with features depicting facets of human anatomy and health.[27]
  • Museum of Old Domestic Life: Quaker museum established around 1926 in 1858 Springfield Meeting House, containing a broad selection of artifacts from typical colonial Quaker homesteads.
  • North Carolina Shakespeare Festival: Headquartered in the High Point Theatre, this professional troupe presents classic and contemporary plays during their September through December season.[28]
  • Piedmont Environmental Center: Features 375 acres (1.5 km2) of hiking trails adjacent to High Point City Lake, nature preserve, nature store, small animal exhibits, the North Carolina Mapscape, and access to an eight mile (13 km) Greenway Trail.[29]
  • Rosetta C. Baldwin Museum: The museum was created in November 2000 to honor the legacy of Miss Rosetta C. Baldwin, her family and many African-Americans. The site depicts a typical home of a southern African American family during the mid-twentieth century.
  • Sechrest Gallery: Located on the campus of High Point University in the Hayworth Fine Arts Center, the Sechrest Gallery houses permanent collections of 18th and 19th century British Art coupled with rotating exhibitions.
  • Theatre Art Galleries: Housed in the High Point Theatre since 1975, the Theatre Art Galleries (TAG) hosts exhibitions of contemporary visual art. TAG has been the sole independent nonprofit provider of the visual arts in High Point and includes one of the finest stage and gallery spaces in the Southeast.[30]
  • World's Largest Chest of Drawers: Iconic symbol of the city since 1926, the World's Largest Bureau is an example of automobile-oriented pop architecture and has been featured on numerous broadcasts such as MTV and The Travel Channel.
  • Brentwood Baptist Church (High Point, North Carolina) was built 1964 to the designs of Lawrence Henry Mallard of Lawrence Henry Mallard, 17041 Battleground Ave, Greensboro, North Carolina 27408.[31]

Television stations

High Point makes up part of the Greensboro/Winston-Salem/High Point television designated market area. These stations are listed by call letters, channel number, network and city of license.

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "High Point, North Carolina". Weatherbase.com. Canty and Associates LLC. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
  3. ^ "Decennial Censuses". Census of Population and Housing. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c Carolina Publications Inc., “ North Carolina Furniture Guide : History of North Carolina Furniture” (www.northcarolinafurnitureguide.com/history.htm) Retrieved 3/6/2013
  5. ^ a b c d e “North Carolina in the Global Economy,” <http://www.soc.duke.edu/NC_GlobalEconmy/furniture/overview.shtml> Retrieved 3/6/2013
  6. ^ a b c d e f Patricia Phillips Marshall, “Furniture Industry –part III: furniture Production in the Industrial Age,” 2006 (www.ncpedia.org/furniture/industrial-age) Retrieved 3/6/2013
  7. ^ Richard B. McCaslin, “High Point,” 2006 (www.ncpedia.org/high-point) Retrieved 3/6/2013
  8. ^ a b c Patricia Phillips Marshall, “Furniture Industry-part IV: Birth and Development of the Modern Furniture Industry,” 2006 <http://ncpedia.org/print/3822> Retrieved 3/22/2013
  9. ^ “Furniture Making in America: History of High Point,” (www.apartmenttherapy.com/furniture-making-in-america-hi-152371) Retrieved 3/6/2013
  10. ^ Bienenstock Furniture Library (www.furniturelibrary.com/) Retrieved 3/22/2013.
  11. ^ North Carolina Digital History, “Key Industries: Furniture,” www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-recent/6256) Retrieved 3/6/2013
  12. ^ Steven Case “High Point: Government and Heritage Library,” 2010 (www.ncpedia.org/geography/high-point) Retrieved 3/6/2013
  13. ^ High Point Museum, “High Point and Furniture,” (www.highpointmuseum.org/furniture-history/) Retrieed 3/6/2013
  14. ^ Richard Florida, Who’s Your City? How the Creative Economy is Making Where to Live the Most Important Decision of Your Life, New York, NY: Basic Books, 2008. pp. 113, 118
  15. ^ Michael Porter, "Clusters and the New Economics of Competition." Harvard Business Review. November–December 1998
  16. ^ Michelle Abbott, "Urban Sociologist Studies High Point, N.C.'s Path to Furniture Mart Prosperity," High Point Enterprise, September 2, 2003.
  17. ^ John Joe Schlichtman, "Making Temp Town: The Political and Economic Machinations of the Furniture Capital of the World.” Small Cities: Urban Experience Beyond the Metropolis, Routledge. 2006.
  18. ^ John Joe Schlichtman, "The Niche City Idea: How a Declining Manufacturing Center Exploited the Opportunities of Globalization.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Volume 33.1 March 2009 105–25
  19. ^ Paul Johnson, "SHOWROOM DEAL: Report raises possibility of mega pact involving High Point, Las Vegas,"High Point Enterprise, February 1, 2011.
  20. ^ "City of High Point CAFR" (PDF). Retrieved November 17, 2011.
  21. ^ "College of Adult and Professional Education (CAPE)". Shaw University. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
  22. ^ Bernice Bienenstock Furniture Library
  23. ^ High Point Community Theatre
  24. ^ High Point Museum and Historical Park
  25. ^ High Point Public Library
  26. ^ Historic Castle McCulloch Gold Mill
  27. ^ Millis Regional Health Education Center
  28. ^ North Carolina Shakespeare Festival
  29. ^ Piedmont Environmental Center
  30. ^ Theatre Art Galleries
  31. ^ "Herbert F. Maddalene" American Architects Directory, Third Edition (New York City: R.R. Bowker LLC, 1970), p.590.

External links