High School of Art and Design
|High School of Art and Design|
245 East 56th Street|
Manhattan, New York 10022
|Established||November 8, 1936|
|Oversight||New York City Department of Education|
|Principal||Manuel A. Ureña |
|Color(s)||Blue and Gold|
|Athletics conference||Public Schools Athletic League|
The High School of Art and Design is a Career and Technical Education high school in Manhattan, New York City. Founded in 1936 as the School of Industrial Art, the school moved to its Midtown Manhattan location on 56th Street, between Second and Third Avenues, in September 2012. High School of Art and Design is operated by the New York City Department of Education.
On November 8, 1936, four art teachers began what was to become the High School of Art and Design, the School of Industrial Art, in a former Manhattan elementary school at 257 West 40th Street, which for a time had housed a WPA Federal Theatre Project locale. Initially, they used orange crates and plywood to make storage and desks. One of the co-founders, John B. Kenny, became principal in 1941. The school soon moved to a building on East 79th Street in the Upper East Side, the former annex to the Benjamin Franklin High School. In September 1960, the school changed its name to the High School of Art and Design and moved to 1075 Second Avenue in east Midtown.
The 1936 school was first envisioned as a continuation school, that is, a school where children who had left school and gotten jobs attended for half days to continue their education, normally including vocational classes relevant to their current or possible future jobs. However, it opened as a vocational high school,
On November 8, 2004, a rally was scheduled on the occasion of the school's 68th anniversary. This was to include a press conference at which increased support of the school would be urged. On November 8, 2006 the school celebrated its 70th anniversary. The office of the Mayor of New York City issued a proclamation making November 8 "High School of Art and Design Day".
Academics and events
Applicants must take an entrance exam and present a portfolio to be accepted. Freshmen sample all art and design subjects before selecting a major for their sophomore, junior and senior years. Students at Art and Design receive two periods of art instruction per day, choosing from among eight art majors: cartooning, animation, architecture, graphic design, illustration, fashion, photography, and film/video.
Art and Design's Kenny Gallery, named for the school's founding principal John B. Kenny, hosts monthly art exhibits of student work. The gallery is open to the public. The Black Box Theatre was donated by the Friends of Art and Design (FAD).
Some members of the school's faculty became notable for their creative work outside teaching. These include:
- Daisy Aldan, poet, actress, editor and translator
- Irv Docktor, fine artist and book illustrator
- Frank Eliscu, designer and sculptor of the Heisman Memorial Trophy and other works of art
- Alvin Hollingsworth, comic book illustrator and fine artist
- Bernard Krigstein, painter, illustrator, cartoonist
- Tom Wesselmann, pop artist, famous for his "Great American Nude" series
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- 1937: Paul Winchell, ventriloquist, inventor, actor
- 1940: Violet Barclay, a pioneering female comic-book artist
- 1940: Al Plastino, comic book illustrator, writer and editor
- 1940: Chic Stone, comic book illustrator
- 1943: Carmine Infantino, comic book artist, editor, member Comic Book Hall of Fame
- 1943: Helmut Krone, art director
- 1943: Henry Wolf, graphic designer, art director and photographer
- 1944: Joe Orlando, comic book illustrator, Mad magazine Associate Publisher
- 1945: Tony Bennett, singer and painter
- 1945: Joe Giella, comic book illustrator
- 1946: Sy Barry, comic book illustrator
- 1946: Vladimir Kagan, furniture designer
- 1946: Al Scaduto, syndicated cartoonist
- 1947: Alex Toth, comic book illustrator, animator for Hanna-Barbera
- 1947: John Romita, Sr., comic book illustrator
- 1950: Dick Giordano, comic book illustrator
- 1951: Leo Dillon, adult and children's book illustrator
- 1951: Bill Kresse, syndicated cartoonist
- 1952: Eva Hesse, minimalist painter and sculptor
- 1952: Sam Scali, advertising-agency owner
- 1953: Peter Hujar, photographer
- 1953: Ronald Wayne, Apple Computer co-founder
- 1955: John Anthony (Gianantonio Iorio), fashion designer
- 1955: I. C. Rapoport, photojournalist
- 1956: Ralph Bakshi, animator, filmmaker
- 1956: John Johnson, TV news anchor, author and painter
- 1956: Sheila Metzner, fashion, portrait and landscape photographer
- 1956: Barbara Nessim, illustrator and educator
- 1956: Regina Porter, fashion designer
- 1957: Bobby Weinstein, songwriter, member of the Songwriters Hall of Fame
- 1957: Phoebe Gilman, children's book author and illustrator
- 1959: Neal Adams, comic book illustrator
- 1960: Calvin Klein, fashion designer
- 1960: George Kuchar, cult filmmaker and director
- 1960: Antonio Lopez, fashion illustrator
- 1960: Gerard Malanga, poet, photographer and filmmaker
- 1960: William T. Williams, abstract painter 
- 1961: Robert Volpe, painter and NYPD detective, the "Art Cop"
- 1962: Roscoe Orman, actor, author and artist, best known as "Gordon" on Sesame Street
- 1962: Simon Gaon, painter
- 1963: Ronnie Landfield, abstract painter
- 1963: Joey Skaggs, media prankster, performance artist
- 1963: Michael Steiner, abstract artist and sculptor
- 1963: Jim Simon, animator and artist
- 1965: Jackie Curtis, Warhol film star, poet, playwright
- 1965: Art Spiegelman, Pulitzer Prize winning author and cartoonist
- 1967: Bert Monroy, digital art pioneer, author of books on Photoshop, Illustrator
- 1967: Eric Carr (Paul Charles Caravello), drummer in the rock band Kiss
- 1967: Frank Brunner, comic book illustrator
- 1967: Larry Hama, writer and comic book illustrator
- 1967: Ralph Reese, comic book illustrator
- 1967: Lenny White, jazz-funk drummer, member of Return to Forever
- 1967: Terry Winters, abstract painter and printmaker
- 1968: Candida Royalle, producer and director of couples-oriented erotic films
- 1968: John Steptoe, author and illustrator of children's books
- 1968: Robin Tewes, artist and painter
- 1968: Frank Verlizzo ("Fraver"), Drama Desk Award-winning designer of theater art
- 1969: Pat Cleveland, fashion model
- 1969: Harvey Fierstein, actor, playwright, gay activist
- 1970: Amy Heckerling, film director, writer, actress
- 1971: Lawrence Hilton-Jacobs, actor and singer
- 1971: Alan Kupperberg, cartoonist and illustrator
- 1971: Steven Meisel, fashion photographer
- 1971: Lynette Washington, jazz vocalist
- 1973: Lisa Jane Persky, actress.
- 1973: Tom Sito, animator, filmmaker, educator
- 1974: Manny Vega, painter, muralist, mosaicist
- 1976: Marcelino Sanchez, film and television actor
- 1976: Tracy 168 (Michael Tracey), graffiti artist
- 1976: Mike Carlin, comic book writer and editor
- 1977: Joe Jusko, comic book illustrator
- 1977: Fab Five Freddy, (Fred Brathwaite) hip hop pioneer, graffiti artist and filmmaker
- 1977: Gladys Portugues, champion body builder
- 1978: Lasana M. Sekou, poet, journalist, author, publisher
- 1978: Lorna Simpson, artist and photographer
- 1978: Lee Quiñones, actor and graffiti artist
- 1978: Malcolm Jones III, comic book illustrator
- 1979: Denys Cowan, comic book illustrator
- 1979: Jimmy Palmiotti, inker and writer of comic books, games and film
- 1979: Mark Texeira, comic book illustrator
- 1980: Chris 'Daze' Ellis, graffiti writer and artist 
- 1980: Christopher Martin, rapper and actor
- 1981: Marc Jacobs, fashion designer
- 1982: Lady Pink (Sandra Fabara), graffiti writer, artist and muralist.
- 1983: Mare139 (Carlos Rodriguez), graffiti artist and designer
- 1983: Matthew Waldman, industrial designer
- 1985: Roger Sanchez, Grammy Award winning DJ, producer, recording artist
- 1986: Pharoahe Monch (Troy Donald Jamerson), hip hop artist
- 1987: Ivan de Prume, former drummer in the groove metal band White Zombie
- 1990: Jamal Igle, comic book and animation storyboard artist
- 1992: Joe Madureira, comic book illustrator
- 1992: Mobb Deep, hip-hop duo
- 1998: Fabolous, rapper
- 2006: ASAP Ferg (Darold D. Brown Ferguson, Jr.), rapper and fashion designer
- 2006: Awol Erizku,painter, photographer, sculptor, videographer
- "Principal's Message"
- "Staff Directory - High School of Art and Design"
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- "On Daisy Aldan, 'A New Folder' | Jacket2 "After taking degrees at Hunter College and Brooklyn College, she spent thirty-five years teaching at New York’s School of Industrial Art, where her students included Art Spiegelman, Tony Bennett, Calvin Klein and Harvey Fierstein, as well as Warhol associates Gerard Malanga and Jackie Curtis."
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I went out to California in 1938. I was a kid going to school in NY city and I was studying commercial art. I went to a school called the School of Industrial Art in Manhattan.
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- Staff. "Long Island Journal", The New York Times, October 9, 1983. Accessed January 22, 2017. "'A very special class,' it was called in 1946, the year that 279 art students graduated from the School of Industrial Art in New York City.... Among those scheduled to attend from the original class were Vladimir Kagan of New York City, the interior designer; Al Scaduto of Jericho, a cartoonist for the syndicated comic strip They'll Do It Every Time; Alex Toth of Los Angeles, also a cartoonist; Sal Tortora of Mattituck, a watercolorist, and Serafin Soto of Huntington, an architect and painter."
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- "Bill Kresse, Longtime O'Dwyer's Illustrator, Dies", O'Dwyer's, January 27, 2014. Accessed January 22, 2017. "Kresse was born June 17, 1933 in Brooklyn. His art career began immediately after graduating Brooklyn's High School of Industrial Arts, when he got a job illustrating for famed animation studio Terrytoons, which created many popular cartoons of the post-war era, including Mighty Mouse, Heckle and Jeckle, Deputy Dawg, and The Mighty Heroes."
- Eva Hesse, Brooklyn Museum. Accessed January 22, 2017. "Eva Hesse was born 1936, in Hamburg, Germany. Her family fled the Nazis and arrived in New York in 1939 where she attended the School of Industrial Art, then Pratt Institute in Brooklyn in 1952, and Cooper Union from 1954 to 1957."
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- Peter Hujar, Blouin Artinfo. Accessed January 22, 2017. "In the late 1940s, Hujar enrolled at the School of Industrial Art and found a mentor in poet Daisy Aldan."
- The Cult of Mac, December 2014. "He trained as a technical draftsman at the School of Industrial Art in New York."
- Fashion Model Directory "While attending the High School of Industrial Arts, he was awarded a scholarship to the Accademia d'Arte in Rome, Italy."
- The Early Years – Part 1, I. C. Rapoport, April 1, 2016. Accessed January 22, 2017. "I had, a year earlier, entered the High School of Industrial Art in Manhattan, and having no desire to join the photography program offered there, studied what my brother Mel had studied, advertising design."
- Culhane, John. "Ralph Bakshi - Iconoclast of Animation", The New York Times, March 22, 1981. Accessed January 22, 2017. "From being a poor student at Thomas Jefferson High School, he was inspired to compete for one of 10 openings at the School of Industrial Art (now the High School of Art and Design), a vocational school for commercial artists. When he graduated in June of 1956, he won the school's cartooning medal - and he has been transmuting the gritty reality of the streets in drawings ever since."
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- Barbara Nessim: An Artful Life, Bard College. Accessed January 22, 2017. "Born in the Bronx, Barbara Nessim studied at New York's School of Industrial Art (now the High School of Art and Design) and attended Pratt Institute from 1956 to 1960."
- "'Natural' Sportswear From Porter" February 13, 1992. Accessed January 22, 2017. "Born and raised in New York City, Porter studied at the High School of Art and Design and the Fashion Institute of Technology."
- Bobby Weinstein, Songwriters Hall of Fame. Accessed January 22, 2017. "Bobby Weinstein, was a product of a musical family, attended the High School of Art and Design in Manhattan, but his allegiance to the arts soon took a different turn when he became swept up by the Doo Wop music phenomenon which had swung into high gear at the time."
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- Contributor's Notes, Eclectica magazine, October / November 2005. Accessed August 6, 2008. "Eljay Persky grew up in New York City's Greenwich Village, attending the High School of Art and Design."
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- "Mobb Deep’s Prodigy was hip-hop’s greatest poet of fear." "Both attended New York’s prestigious High School of Art and Design, a school whose alumni include Calvin Klein, Amy Heckerling, Fab Five Freddy, and Marc Jacobs."
- Davis, Michael (August 8, 2008). "Milestone: If You're Not There, You Just Won't Get It: Straight No Chaser". ComicMix. Quote: "I knew (we all knew) that Malcolm was a troubled soul and I’m sad to say that when he committed suicide a few years ago I was not that surprised. Denys and I would often talk about how to deal with Malcolm and reached out to him many times. That does little to erase the feeling that we somehow let our friend down."
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- "Fabolous Talks About Attending Art School & Connection To Basquiat" "Before I was a musician, I drew,” said Fabolous. “The housing projects in Brooklyn weren’t much of a canvas, people didn’t know that I had it in me – but I actually went to an art and design high school."
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- Biography of Awol Erizku | Widewalls "Erizku was born in 1988 in Ethiopia and grew up in South Bronx, New York where he attended Art and Design High School."
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