High Sheriff of County Galway

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Not to be confused with High Sheriff of Galway Town.

The High Sheriff of County Galway was the Sovereign's judicial representative in County Galway. Initially an office for lifetime, assigned by the Sovereign, the High Sheriff became annually appointed from the Provisions of Oxford in 1258.[1] Besides his judicial importance, he had ceremonial and administrative functions and executed High Court Writs.[2]

The first (High) Shrivalties were established before the Norman Conquest in 1066 and date back to Saxon times.[3] In 1908, an Order in Council made the Lord-Lieutenant the Sovereign's prime representative in a county and reduced the High Sheriff's precedence.[4] Despite however that the office retained his responsibilities for the preservation of law and order in a county.[2]

In Galway the office of High Sheriff was established when Connacht was shired around 1569 and ceased to exist with the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922.

Elizabeth I, 1558–1603[edit]

James I, 1603–1625[edit]

Charles I, 1625–1649[edit]

  • 1641: William Donelan[6]
  • 1642: Ulick Burke of Castle Hacket
  • 1644: Robert Martin of Ross[6]

English Interregnum, 1649–1660[edit]

Charles II, 1660–1685[edit]

William III, 1689–1702[edit]

  • 1689: John Power
  • 1690:
  • 1691:
  • 1692:
  • 1693:
  • 1694:
  • 1695:

Anne, 1702–1714[edit]

  • 1708:
  • 1709: Robert Blakeney of Castle Blakeney[6]
  • 1711: David Power of Corheen
  • 1711: William Persse of Spring Garden[6]
  • 1712:
  • 1713:

George I, 1714–1727[edit]

  • 1714:
  • 1720:
  • 1721: Anthony Brabazon

George II, 1727–1760[edit]

George III, 1760–1820[edit]

  • 1800: Sir John O'Flaherty[19]
  • 1801: Walter Lawrence[6]
  • 1802: Dominic Browne
  • 1803: Frederick Trench of Garbally, Ballinasloe
  • 1804: Robert O'Hara[20]
  • 1805: Sir John Taylor[20]
  • 1806: Edmond Netterville[20]
  • 1807: Arthur French St George[20]
  • 1808: John Kirwan[20]
  • 1809: Robert French[20]
  • 1810: Peter Blake[20]
  • 1811: James H. Burke and John D'Arcy[20]
  • 1812: James H. Burke[20]
  • 1813: James Staunton Lambert[20]
  • 1814: Robert Parsons Persse[20]
  • 1815: Richard Rathborne of Ballimore[20]
  • 1816: Burton Persse of Moyode Castle[20]
  • 1817: Thomas Wade[20]
  • 1818: Richard James Mansergh-St George[19]
  • 1819: John Henry Blakeney[20]

George IV, 1820–1830[edit]

  • 1820: Walter Lawrence of Lisreaghan[21]
  • 1821: Denis Henry Kelly[19]
  • 1822: William Malachy Burke of Ballydugan[21]
  • 1823: Robert Burke[20]
  • 1824: Robert Ffrench of Monivea Castle[20]

William IV, 1830–1837[edit]

  • 1830:
  • 1833: Robert Bodkin[23]

Victoria, 1837–1901[edit]

  • 1837:
  • 1838: Sir John Burke, 2nd Bt of Marble Hill[27]
  • 1840: Frederick Mason Trench[28]
  • 1841: Andrew William Blake of Furbough[23]
  • 1843:
  • 1844: Charles Kilmaine Blake[6] / Hon. Standish Prendergast Vereker[29]
  • 1845: Denis Kirwan[30]
  • 1846: Christopher St George[27]
  • 1847: Michael Joseph Browne[23]
  • 1848: F. Blake of Creg Castle, Claregalway[31]
  • 1849: John Martin[32] / William Henry Gregory[33]
  • 1850: Cornelius Joseph O'Kelly of Gallagh Castle[34]
  • 1851: Francis Manly Shaw Taylor[35]
  • 1852: Thomas Appleyard Joyce of Rahasane Park[36]
  • 1853: James Peter Daly[6]
  • 1854: Edward Eyre Maunsell[23]
  • 1855: Richard Andrew Hyacinth Kirwan †[6] / succeeded by John Walter Henry Lambert of Aggard[6]
  • 1856: Stephen Roche[37]
  • 1857: FitzGerald Higgins[23]
  • 1858: Pierce Joyce of Merview, Galway[38]
  • 1859: Walter Peter Lambert of Castle Ellen[6]
  • 1860: Michael Joseph Chevers[39]
  • 1861: Cornelius Joseph O'Kelly, of Gallagh, Tuam[40]
  • 1862: Burton Robert Parsons Persse of Moyode Castle[41][6]
  • 1863: Richard D'Arcy of New Forest[6]
  • 1865: Hon. Luke Dillon[42]
  • 1866: John Archer Daly (né Blake) of Raford[43]
  • 1867: George Staunton Lynch-Stanton of Clydagh[6]
  • 1868: Walter Taylor Newton Shawe-Taylor of Castle Taylor[6]
  • 1869: Marcus Nicholas Lynch of Barna[6] / Thomas Redington Roche of Rye Hill[6]
  • 1870: John Wilson Lynch of Duras and Renmore[43]
  • 1873: John Blakeney of Abbert, Castle Blakeney[6]
  • 1875: William St George Nugent, 10th Earl of Westmeath
  • 1877: Hyacinth D'Arcy of New Forest[43]
  • 1878: John Smyth of Masonbrook[6]
  • 1879: James O'Hara of Lenaboy[6]
  • 1880: James Francis MacDermott of Ramore[6]
  • 1883: Sir Henry George Burke, 5th Baronet[29]
  • 1884: Percy Brodrick Bernard of Castle Hacket[43]
  • 1885: Robert Algernon Persse of Creg Clare, Andrahan[6] / Robert William Waithman[6]
  • 1886: Edward Joseph Martyn of Tulira[34]
  • 1887: Sir Henry Grattan-Bellew, 3rd Bt[39]
  • 1888: Stephen John Cowan[43]
  • 1889: William Arthur Perrse[34]
  • 1890: Francis Travers Dames-Longworth[6]
  • 1891: Peter Fitzwalter Lambert of Castle Ellen[36]
  • 1892: Frederic Thomas Lewin of Castlegrove [6]
  • 1893: Francis John Graham of Drumgoon, Fermanagh and Ballinakill, Galway[39]
  • 1894: Richard Berridge of Ballynahinch Caste[39]
  • 1896: Hon. Robert Edward Dillon[33]
  • 1897: Hon. Martin Morris[33]
  • 1898: Quintin Dick Dick[6] / Sir Sir William Mahon, 5th Bt[33]
  • 1899: William Arthur Persse of Roxborough[6]
  • 1900:

Edward VII, 1901–1910[edit]

  • 1901: William Daly of Dunsandal[43]
  • 1902: William Sharp Waithman of Merlin Park[6]
  • 1903: John Michael Aylward Lewis of Ballinagar[43]
  • 1904: Edmond Joseph Philip Lynch-Athy of Renville[6]
  • 1905:
  • 1906: Charles Richard John O'Farrell of Dalyston[6]
  • 1907: John Beresford Campbell of Moycullen House, Moycullen[12]
  • 1908: John Joseph Smyth of Masonbrook[6]
  • 1909: Arthur Henry Courtenay[33]
  • 1910: Cecil Robert Henry of Toghermore and of Crumlin Park, Ballyglunin[6]

George V, 1910–1922[edit]

  • 1917: Nicholas O'Connell Comyn[44]
  • 1918:
  • 1919: Charles Trench O'Rorke[33]
  • 1920: James Gunning Alcorn[45]
  • 1922:

Notes[edit]

† ?

References[edit]

  1. ^ John David Griffith Davies and Frederick Robert Worts (1928). England in the Middle Ages: Its Problems and Legacies. A. A. Knopf. p. 119. 
  2. ^ a b Alexander, George Glover (1915). The Administration of Justice in Criminal Matters (in England and Wales). The University Press. p. 89. 
  3. ^ Morris, William Alfred (1968). The Medieval English Sheriff to 1300. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 73. ISBN 0-7190-0342-3. 
  4. ^ Millward, Paul (2007). Civic Ceremonial: A Handbook, History and Guide for Mayors, Councillors and Officers. Shaw. p. 163. ISBN 0-7219-0164-6. 
  5. ^ Cokayne, George Edward (1909). The Complete Baronetage. vol. VI. Exeter: William Pollard and Co. Ltd. p. 65. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be Burke, Sir Bernhard (1912). Arthur Charles Fox-Davies, ed. A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Ireland. London: Harrison & Sons. 
  7. ^ a b Cokayne, George Edward (1903). The Complete Baronetage. vol. III. Exeter: William Pollard and Co. Ltd. 
  8. ^ Mick Drumm and John Tierney (June 2009). "Archaeological Excavation Report, E2447 – Coololla, Co. Galway" (PDF). Eachtra Journal (2): 4. Retrieved 23 December 2009. 
  9. ^ Johnston-Liik, Edith Mary (2007). History of the Irish Parliament 1692–1800. vol. I. Ulster Historical Foundation. p. 124. ISBN 1-903688-71-X. 
  10. ^ A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Ireland, 1912, Bernard Burke
  11. ^ Cokayne, George Edward (1906). The Complete Baronetage. vol. V. Exeter: William Pollard and Co. Ltd. p. 394. 
  12. ^ a b Burke, John (2001). Peter de Vere Beauclerk-Dewar, ed. Burke's Landed Gentry of Great Britain. ISBN 0-9711966-0-5. 
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12158. p. 1. 30 January 1781. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  14. ^ T. W. Moody, R. B. McDowell and C. J. Woods (2009). The Writings of Theobald Wolfe Tone 1763–98. vol. I. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 2. ISBN 0-19-956406-X. 
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12422. p. 4. 11 March 1783. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12525. p. 3. 6 March 1784. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12628. p. 125. 12 March 1785. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  18. ^ "Public Record Office of Northern Ireland – Talbot/Gregory Papers" (PDF). Retrieved 22 December 2009. 
  19. ^ a b c Burke, John (1847). John Bernhard Burke, ed. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry. vol. II. London: Henry Colburn. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Reports from Commissioners – Ireland. vol. XVII. The House of Commons. 1826. p. 109. 
  21. ^ a b Burke, John (1847). John Bernhard Burke, ed. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry. vol. I. London: Henry Colburn. 
  22. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1825". The Connaught Journal. 7 February 1825. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g Walford, Edward (1860). The County Families of the United Kingdom. London: Robert Hardwicke. 
  24. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1827". The Kilkenny Independent. 24 February 1827. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  25. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1828". The Newry Commercial Telegraph. 11 March 1828. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  26. ^ History of Parliament Online
  27. ^ a b Skey, William (1846). The Heraldic Calendar. Dublin: Alexander Thom. p. 50. 
  28. ^ "Galway Assizes". Connaught Journal. 12 March 1840. Retrieved 7 August 2009. 
  29. ^ a b Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1895). Armorial Families. Edinburgh: Hurst & Blackett. 
  30. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1845". The Armagh Guardian. 4 February 1845. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  31. ^ "The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 – 1954)". Trove. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  32. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1849". Anglo-Celt. 26 January 1849. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Walford, Edward (1919). The County Families of the United Kingdom. London: Robert Spottiswoode, Ballantyne & Co. Ltd. 
  34. ^ a b c Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1929). Armorial Families. vol. II. London: Hurst & Blackett. 
  35. ^ Thom, Alexander (1852). Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory. Dublin: Alexander Thom. p. 665. 
  36. ^ a b A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Ireland
  37. ^ Thom, Alexander (1857). Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory of the United Kingdom. Dublin: Alexander Thom and Sons. p. 871. 
  38. ^ The Edinburgh Gazette: no. 6775. p. 180. 29 January 1958. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  39. ^ a b c d Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1929). Armorial Families. vol. I. London: Hurst & Blackett. 
  40. ^ "Galway County Directory, 1862". Library Ireland. Retrieved 29 April 2011. 
  41. ^ "High Sheriffs, 1862". The Cavan Observer. 18 January 1862. Retrieved 9 July 2009. 
  42. ^ Cokayne, George Edward (1913). Vicary Gibbs, ed. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom. vol. III. London: The St Catherine Press Ltd. p. 328. 
  43. ^ a b c d e f g Walford, Edward (1909). The County Families of the United Kingdom. London: Spottiswoode & Co. Ltd. 
  44. ^ O'Connell, Basil Morgan (1946). O'Connell Family Tracts. vol. I. Dublin: Browne and Nolan Ltd. p. 9. 
  45. ^ "Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 – 1954) Saturday 10 April 1920". Trove. Retrieved 5 August 2013.