High Sheriff of Essex

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The High Sheriff of Essex was an ancient Sheriff title originating in the time of the Angles, not long after the invasion of the Kingdom of England, which was in existence for around a thousand years. On 1 April 1974, under the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972, the title of Sheriff of Essex was retitled High Sheriff of Essex.[1] The High Shrievalties are the oldest secular titles under the Crown in England and Wales, their purpose being to represent the monarch at a local level, historically in the shires.

The office was a powerful position in earlier times, as sheriffs were responsible for the maintenance of law and order and various other roles. It was only in 1908 under Edward VII that the Lord Lieutenant became more senior than the High Sheriff. Since then the position of High Sheriff has become more ceremonial, with many of its previous responsibilities transferred to High Court judges, magistrates, coroners, local authorities and the police.

This is a list of Sheriffs and High Sheriffs of Essex. Prior to 1567 the Sheriff of Essex was also the Sheriff of Hertfordshire.

List of Sheriffs[edit]

King Edmund I "The Magnificent"[edit]

William I, William II, Henry I, Stephen[edit]

Henry II[edit]

Richard I[edit]

John[edit]

  • 1199-1200 Hugh de Nevill
  • 1201-1203 Richard de Montfichet
  • 1204 Hugh de Nevill
  • 1205-1208 Matthew Mancel
  • 1209-1213 Earl Alberie
  • 1214 Matthew Mancel
  • 1215 Robert Mancel

Henry III[edit]

  • 1216 Robert Mancel
  • 1217-18 William Mancel
  • 1219-20 Walter de Verdon
  • 1221-22 Stephen de Segne
  • 1223 Richard d’Argenton
  • 1224-27 William de Cultwarden
  • 1228-31 William de Coleworth
  • 1232 Robert de Waltham
  • 1233 William de Holewell
  • 1234-35 William de Coleworth
  • 1236-37 Peter de Thany
  • 1238 Peter de Thany
  • Richard de Gray
  • 1239 Bertram de Criol
  • 1240 John de Watton
  • 1241 John de Watton
  • 1242-44 Richard de Montfichet
  • 1245 Richard de Montfichet
  • 1246-49 William son of Reynald
  • 1250 Richard de Whitland
  • 1251-53 Hery de Helegeton
  • 1254-55 Ralph de Arderne
  • 1256 Thomas Rameden
  • Robert Delval
  • 1257-58 Hubert de Montecampo
  • 1259-60 Richard de Thany
  • 1261-62 Mathias Delamar
  • William Delamar
  • 1263 Mathias Delamar
  • William Delamar
  • John Bocking
  • 1264 Nicholas de Espigornel
  • 1265-66 Richard de Suchirch
  • 1267 Richard de Suchirch
  • Richard de Herlawe
  • 1268 John de Canimill
  • 1269 Walter de Blummil
  • 1270-71 Walter de Essex

Edward I[edit]

  • 1272-1273 Walter de Essex
  • 1274 Thomas de Sandwie
  • 1275-1277 Lawrence de Scaccario
  • 1278 William de Sancto-Claro
  • 1279-1283 Reginald de Ginge
  • 1284 Reginald de Ginge
  • 1285 William de Lambourn
  • 1286 Hugh le Blunt
  • 1287 Hugh le Blunt
  • 1288-1289 Ralph Boxted
  • 1290 Henry Grapinel
  • 1291 Henry Grapinel
  • 1292 (May–Dec) John Grapinel (Carbonel)
  • 1292 (Dec)-1293 William de Grosse
  • 1294-1296 William de Sutton
  • 1297-1298 Simon de Bradenham
  • 1299-1300 John de Lee
  • 1301 William de Harpenden
  • 1302 John de Wenegrave
  • 1303 John de Bassingbourne
  • 1304 John de la Lee
  • 1305 John de la Lee
  • John de Bassingbourne
  • 1306 John de Harpesfeld

Edward II[edit]

  • 1307 Edward de Baud
  • 1308-09 Alan de Goldingham
  • 1310 Geoffrey de la Lee
  • 1311 John de la Lee
  • 1312 John Aygnel
  • 1313 John Ward
  • 1314-17 Richard de Perrers
  • 1318 John de Doure
  • 1319 Ralph de Gifford
  • 1320 John de Doure
  • 1321 Nicholas Engain
  • 1322-23 Thomas Gobyn[6]
  • 1324-26 Richard de Perrers

Edward III[edit]

  • 1327 William Baud
  • 1328-29 Richard de Perrers
  • 1330–31 John de Wanton
  • 1332 John de Hay
  • 1333–1334 Adam Bloy
  • William Boyd
  • 1334-39 Sir John de Coggeshall
  • 1340 William Atemore
  • 1341 Richard de Monte Caviso
  • 1342 Henry Garnet
  • 1343-46 Sir John de Coggeshall
  • 1347 Sir John de Coggeshall
  • Peter de Boxted
  • 1348 William Bret
  • Humphrey de Walden
  • 1349 Peter de Boxted
  • 1350 Thomas Lacy
  • 1351-53 Sir John de Coggeshall
  • 1354 Hugh Fitz-Simon
  • 1355 William de Enefeld
  • 1356-57 Thomas de Chabham
  • 1358-59 Roger de Louth
  • 1360 Hugh Blount
  • 1361 William de Lyre
  • 1362 Guy de Boys
  • 1363 Thomas Fitling
  • 1364 John Jernoun
  • 1365 Thomas de Helpeston
  • 1366 John Oliver
  • 1367 John Oliver
  • John Shardelon
  • 1368 John Henxtworth
  • 1369 John Henxtworth
  • Roger Keterich
  • 1370 Thomas de Bassingbourn
  • 1371 William Baud
  • 1372 John de Bampton
  • 1373 John Filiol
  • 1374 Edward Fitz-Simons
  • 1375 John Battaile
  • 1376 Robert Fitz-William

Richard II[edit]

Henry IV[edit]

Henry V[edit]

Henry VI[edit]

  • 1420-21 Lewis John of West Horndon
  • 1422 Sir John Tyrrell of Heron (2nd term)
  • 1423 Sir Maurice Brewyn of South Okington (1st term)
  • 1424 John Barley of Albury, Hertfordshire
  • 1425 John Doreward of Bocking
  • 1426 Conand Aske
  • 1427 Thomas Tyrell of Heron
  • 1428 John Hotoft of Knebworth
  • 1429 Nicholas Richbull
  • 1430 Henry Langley of Rickling
  • 1431 Sir Nicholas Thorley
  • 1432 John Durward
  • 1433 Robert Whytingham of Pendley
  • 1434 Geoffrey Rockyll
  • 1435 Sir Maurice Brewyn of South Okington (2nd term)
  • 1436 Edward Tyrell
  • 1437 Richard Alrede
  • 1438 Robert Whytingham
  • 1439 Richard Witherton
  • 1440 Thomas Tyrell
  • 1441 Ralph Asteley
  • 1442 Nicholas Morley of Hallingbury
  • 1443 John Hende, the elder (d.1461)[8]
  • 1444 Thomas Tyrell of Heron
  • 1445 Thomas Pigott
  • 1446 Thomas Baud of Hadham Hall
  • 1447 John Hende, the elder (d.1461)[8]
  • 1448 George Langham
  • 1449 Geoffrey Rockhill
  • 1450 Philip Boteler of Watton
  • 1451 Thomas Barrington
  • 1452 John Godmanston
  • 1453 Sir Thomas Cobham
  • 1454 Humphrey Bohun
  • 1455 Ralph Bothe
  • 1456 John Hende, the younger (d.1464)[9]
  • 1457 Lewis John
  • 1458 Robert Darcy of Danbury
  • 1459 Thomas Tyrell of Heron

Edward IV[edit]

  • 1460 Thomas Ince
  • 1461-62 Thomas Langley
  • 1463 Sir John Clay
  • 1464 Roger Ree
  • 1465 Sir Lawrence Raynsford
  • 1466 Henry Barley
  • 1467 Sir William Pirton
  • 1468 Walter Writell
  • 1469 Ralph Baud - Hadham Hall
  • 1470 Walter Writell
  • 1471 Sir Roger Ree
  • 1472 Alured Cornburgh
  • 1473 John Sturgeon - Hitchin
  • 1474 Richard Flance
  • 1475 Henry Langley
  • 1476 William Green
  • 1477 Alured Cornburgh
  • 1478 John Wode
  • 1479 John Sturgeon - Hitchin
  • 1480 Thomas Tyrell - Heron
  • 1481 John Fortescue
  • 1482 William Say - Broxbourne

Edward V[edit]

  • 1483 William Say - Broxbourne

Richard III[edit]

  • 1483-84 Sir William Say - Broxbourne
  • 1485 John Sturgeon Esq of Hitchin

Henry VII[edit]

  • 1486 (half the year) Sir Robert Percy
  • 1486 Sir John Fortescue, Kt of Hatfield
  • 1487 Henry Marney
  • 1488 Sir William Pyrton
  • 1489 Henry Tey
  • 1490 John Boteler of Watton
  • 1491 Robert Turbeville
  • 1492 John Berfeild
  • 1493 Henry Marney (2nd term)
  • 1494 Sir Richard Fitz-Lewis of West Horndon
  • 1495 Richard Plomer
  • 1496 William Pulter of Hitchin
  • 1497 Robert Newport of Pelham
  • 1498 Thomas Peryent of Digswell
  • 1499 Sir John Verney of Pendley
  • 1500 Sir Roger Wentworth of Codham Hall
  • 1501 Sir Henry Tye
  • 1502 William Pyrton
  • 1503 Humphrey Tyrell of Heron
  • 1504-05 William Skipworth of St Albans
  • 1506 Roger Darcy
  • 1507-08 John Brocket of Hatfield
  • 1509 Humphrey Tyrell of Heron

Henry VIII[edit]

  • 1510 John Leventhorpe - Shingey Hall
  • 1511 William Lytton - Knebworth
  • 1512 Anthony Darcy - Danbury
  • 1513 Edward Tyrell - Heron
  • 1514 John Seyntclere
  • 1515 William Fitz-William
  • 1516 Sir John Vere
  • 1517 Thomas Bonham
  • 1518 Sir Thomas Tyrell - Heron
  • 1519 Sir John Cutts
  • 1520 Sir John Vere
  • 1521 Thomas Bonham of Stanway, Essex
  • 1522 Sir Thomas Tey
  • 1523 John Christmas
  • 1524 Henry Barley of Albury, Hertfordshire
  • 1525 Sir John Vere
  • 1526 Thomas Leventhorpe - Shingey Hall
  • 1527 Thomas Bonham of Stanway, Essex
  • 1528 Edward Tyrell - Heron
  • 1529 Sir Giles Capel - Hadham Hall
  • 1530 John Bowles - Wellington
  • 1531 John Brocket - Hatfield
  • 1532 John Smith
  • 1533 Sir Philip Boteler - Watton
  • 1534 Sir Brian Tuke - Hatfield
  • 1535 Sir William West
  • 1536 Thomas Peryent - Digswell
  • 1537 Sir Henry Parker of Furneux Pelham, Hertfordshire
  • 1538 Sir John Raynsford of Bradfield, Essex
  • 1539 John Smith
  • 1540 Sir Philip Boteler - Watton
  • 1541 Sir John Mordaunt of West Horndon, Essex
  • 1542 Ralph Rowlet - St Albans
  • 1543 John Bowles - Wellington
  • John Sewster
  • 1544 John Wentworth
  • 1545 Anthony Cooke of Gidea Hall, Essex
  • 1546 Robert Lytton - Knebworth
  • 1547 John Conyngsby - North Mimms

Edward VI[edit]

Mary[edit]

  • 1553 Sir John Wentworth

Philip & Mary[edit]

Elizabeth[edit]

1567–1600[edit]

  • From 1567 Sheriffs were Sheriffs of Essex only

1601–1700[edit]

1701–1800[edit]

1801–1900[edit]

1901–1973[edit]

  • 1901: Ernest James Wythes, of Copped Hall, Epping[257]
  • 1902: Robert Cunliffe Gosling, of Hassobury, Farnham[258]
  • 1903: Colonel Richard Percival Davis, of New House Farm, Walton-on-the-Naze
  • 1904: James Noah Paxman, of Stisted Hall, Braintree
  • 1905: Sir Thomas Buxton, Bt[37]
  • 1906: Christopher William Parker of Faulkbourne Hall, Faulkbourne, Witham[259]
  • 1907: Charles Ernest Ridley, of The Elms, Chelmsford
  • 1908: William Nocton of Langham Hall, near Colchester[260]
  • 1909: John Henry Horton, of Mascalls, South Weald, Brentwood[261]
  • 1910: Ralph Frederic Bury, of St Leonards, Nazeing[262]
  • 1911: Reginald Duke Hill, of Holfield Grange, Coggeshall[263]
  • 1912: James Tabor, of The Lawn, Rochford
  • 1913: Charles James Round, of Birch Hall, Colchester[264]
  • 1914: Henry Basham Dickinson, of "Le Mote," Pebmarsh[265]
  • 1915: Sir Drummond Cunliffe Smith, 4th Baronet
  • 1916: Samuel Augustine Courtauld, of The Howe, Halstead[266]
  • 1917: Charles Edmund Gooch, of Wivenhoe Park, Colchester,[267]
  • 1918: Sir Frederick Green, Kt., of Hainault Lodge, Chigwell Row[268]
  • 1919: John James Dumville Botterell, of Colne Park,Earls Colne,[269]
  • 1920: Montagu Edward Hughes-Hughes, of Leez Priory,Hartford End, Chelmsford,[270]
  • 1921: William Julien Courtauld, of Penny Pot, Halstead,[271]
  • 1922: Lt.-Col. F. H. D. C. Whitmore, CMG, DSO of Orsett Hall, Orsett[272]
  • 1923: Major Guy Gilbey Gold, of Abbots Hall, Shalford, Braintree.[273]
  • 1924: Lt.-Col. Sir Frederic Carne–Rasch, Bt, of Ingatestone Hall, Ingatestone[274]
  • 1925: Major Richard King Magor of Springfield Lyons, Springfield[275]
  • 1926: Lieut.-Col. Eustace Hill, D.S.O., T.D., of Berwicks, Hatfield Peverel[276]
  • 1927: Major William Sullivan Gosling, of Hassobury, Bishop's Stortford.[277]
  • 1928: Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, Bt, of Woodredon, Waltham Abbey[278]
  • 1929: Brigadier-General Kenneth John Kincaid-Smith, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., of St.Osyth's Priory, Clacton-on-Sea[279]
  • 1930: Brigadier-General John Tyson Wigan, C.M.G., D.S.O., of Danbury Park, Danbury,Chelmsford[280]
  • 1931: Major Nevill Arthur Charles de Hirzel Tufnell, of Langleys, Great Waltham, Essex.[281]
  • 1932: Harold McCorquodale, of Forest Hall, Ongar, Essex[282]
  • 1933: Major Herbert Leslie Melville Tritton, of Lyons Hall, GreatLeighs.[283]
  • 1934: Lt.-Col. Edward North Buxton, MC, of Wallsgrave House, Loughton[37][284]
  • 1935: Lieut.-Col. Frank Hilder, of Huskards, Ingatestone.[285]
  • 1936: Capt. Gerald Murray Strutt, of New House, Terling, Chelmsford.[286]
  • 1937: Major Forrester Colvin Watson, O.B.E., M.C. of Colne Ford House, White Colne[287]
  • 1938: Sir James Adam, Kt.,C.B.E., K.C., of Colne Park, Earls Colne[288]
  • 1939: Col. Stuart Sidney Mallinson, C.B.E., D.S.O.,M.C., of The White House, Woodford Green[289]
  • 1940: Major Wyndham Birch, D.S.O., M.B.E., of Beaumont Hall, Beaumont-cum-Moze, Thorpe-le-Soken, Essex[290]
  • 1941: Capt. John Kidston Swire, of Hubbards Hall, Harlow.[291]
  • 1942: Col. Richard Cecil Oxley Parker, T.D., of Houghton Lodge, Stockbridge, Hampshire[292]
  • 1943: Major Hubert Ashton, MC of Wealdside,South Weald, Brentwood[293]
  • 1944: Wing-Commander Denis Alfred Jex Buxton, of Wilderness House, Ongar[294]
  • 1945: Sir Adam Beattie Ritchie, Kt., of Boreham Manor, Boreham.[295]
  • 1946: William Whitmore Otter-Barry of Horkesley Hall, Little Horkesley, near Colchester.[296]
  • 1947: Brig.-General Claud Edward Charles Graham Charlton, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., of Great Canfield Park, Takeley.[297]
  • 1948: Lieut.-Col. John Oxley Parker, T.D., of Queen's Road, Colchester[298]
  • 1949: Lieut-Colonel Victor Alexander Gascoyne-Cecil of Downham House, Billericay.[299]
  • 1950: Lieut.-Colonel Vernon Stewart Laurie, O.B.E.,T.D., of Old Vicarage, South Weald, Brentwood.[300]
  • 1951: Major George Nigel Capel-Cure, of Blake Hall, Ongar.[301]
  • 1952: Colonel F. Collingwood Drake, OBE, MC[302]
  • 1953: Augustine Courtauld of Spencers, Great Yeldham[303]
  • 1954: Lieut.-Colonel Philip Valentine Upton, M.B.E., T.D., of Park Lodge, Margaretting.[304]
  • 1955: Samuel Ranulph Allsopp, Esq., M.B.E., of Alsa Lodge, Stansted Mountfitchet[305]
  • 1956: Lieut.-Colonel James Gray Round, of Birch Hall, Colchester.[306]
  • 1957: Norman Selwyn Pryor of Manuden House, Bishop's Stortford.[307]
  • 1958: Lieut-Colonel William Douglas Gosling,M.B.E., T.D., of Thrimley House, Farnham.[308]
  • 1959: Major Geoffrey Benyon Hoare, of Colville Hall, White Roding, Dunmow.[309]
  • 1960: Charles Hubert Archibald Butler of Shortgrove, Newport, Saffron Walden.[310]
  • 1961: Christopher William Oxley Parker
  • 1962: Douglas Gurney Pelly
  • 1963: Col Hugh Edward Hunter Jones
  • 1964: Brig Edward Joseph Todhunter
  • 1965: Andrew Hunter Carnwath
  • 1966: Sir Nigel Edward Strutt
  • 1967: Guy E Ruggles-Brise
  • 1968: Major N. N. Norman-Butler
  • 1969: Hon. Richard Clive Butler
  • 1970: Lt.-Col. Mark Frederic Strutt
  • 1971: Allan James Vincent Arthur
  • 1972: Aubrey Leland Oakes Buxton, MC[37]
  • 1973: Gerald Colville Seymour Curtis

List of High Sheriffs[edit]

1974-1999[edit]

  • 1974: Col. Richard George Judd
  • 1975: Ronald Edward Tritton
  • 1976: Lt.-Col. R. Wingate Collins-Charlton
  • 1977: Edmund Hoyle Vestey
  • 1978: Robert Peter Laurie
  • 1979: Alastair Brian Clarke Harrison
  • 1980: John Edward Tabor of Bovingdon Hall[311]
  • 1981: Gerald Anthony Charrington
  • 1982: Col Richard Bennett Gosling of Canterburys Lodge, Margaretting[312]
  • 1983: Hubert Gaitskell Ashton
  • 1984: Peter Buchanan Lake
  • 1985: David William Rushbrooke Evans
  • 1986: Murray David Maitland Keddie
  • 1987: Julius Arthur Sheffield Neave
  • 1988: Leonard F. Ratcliff
  • 1989: Leslie Alan Jordan
  • 1990: Peter Gavin Lee
  • 1991: Michael William Clark
  • 1992: Alan George Tritton[313]
  • 1993: Christopher Spencer Gosling
  • 1994: Evelyn Bridgett Patricia Ward-Thomas
  • 1995: Christopher Ferens Pertwee
  • 1996: Peter Thomas Thistlethwayte
  • 1997: Robert Felix Erith
  • 1998: Robin George Newman
  • 1999: George Ronald Capel-Cure

2000–present[edit]

  • 2000–2001: John Giles Selby Coode-Adams
  • 2001–2002: George Courtauld
  • 2002–2003: David T.A. Boyle
  • 2003–2004: Mark Thomasin-Foster
  • 2004–2005: Andrew C Streeter
  • 2005–2006: Jennifer M. Tolhurst
  • 2006–2007: Christopher Dudley Stewart-Smith[314][315]
  • 2007–2008: Diana, Lady Elisabeth Kemp-Welch[316]
  • 2008–2009: Sarah Francesca Courage of Brentwood[317]
  • 2009–2010: Rupert Seymour Gosling of Bush End, Takeley, Bishops Stortford[318]
  • 2010–2011: Michael William Hindmarch of Danbury[319]
  • 2011–2012: Rosemary, Lady Ruggles Brise of Finchingfield[320]
  • 2012-2013: Christopher D Palmer-Tomkinson of Colchester[319]
  • 2013-2014: Julia Abel Smith of Little Leighs[319]
  • 2014-2015: Nicholas S. Charrington of Layer Marney Tower, Colchester[321]
  • 2015-2016: Gerald Vincent Bodenham Thompson of Little Easton, Great Dunmow[322]
  • 2016–2017: Mrs L J Rolfe of Wearns Folly, Carmen Street, Great Chesterford, Saffron Walden[323]
  • 2017-2018: Simon A.D. Hall of Colchester[324]

Notes[edit]

Brigadier Edward Joseph Todhunter (High Sheriff 1964-65), and Captain Guy Edward Ruggles-Brise (High Sheriff 1967-68), both served in the Second World War in the Army. They found themselves captured at different times during the ebb and flow of campaigns in North Africa. They ended up in the same Italian prisoner of war camp Vincigliata PG 12 a Medieval castle near Florence. After the Italian armistice in September 1943 they both spent time with the Partisans in the Apennines and after many months together escaped reaching Allied lines in a leaking fishing boat in May 1944.[325]

Evelyn Bridgett Patricia Ward-Thomas (High Sheriff 1994-95), the first female High Sheriff of Essex, is better known as the novelist Evelyn Anthony.

References[edit]

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